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Jazz & More Guitar Lessons: Basic Chord Shapes: Minor

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Guitar Basics, Basic Chord Shapes: Minor.
In this key of G, it's also common
to use a minor chord, E minor.
This is a relative, [SOUND] I would say,
this is the relative minor key of G major.
[SOUND] It's the sixth
step of a G major scale.
We will get back to that later,
[MUSIC]
But it's a relative minor of G major.
[SOUND] In E minor, it's E.
[SOUND] And instead of having,
using a minor third,
a major third this time [SOUND] like
we have done in all these other [SOUND]
major chords that will be it.
[MUSIC]
So instead of one [SOUND] Three.
[SOUND] Five.
[SOUND] It will be one.
[SOUND] Minor third.
[SOUND] Five.
[MUSIC]
You hear this is a minor chord.
This has a darker sound [SOUND]
than compared to the E major.
[SOUND]
So an E major chord would look like this.
[SOUND] E.
[SOUND] B.
[SOUND] E.
[SOUND] And G sharp.
[SOUND] But if you just move one finger,
if you move that one [SOUND] maybe a third
[SOUND] and move it half a step down and
make the minor third.
[MUSIC]
You will get this sound.
[SOUND]
So you can control a chord,
if you have the root and
the fifth and the third, it will,
[MUSIC]
Makes it different,
if you change it then from a major,
[SOUND] half a step down onto a minor.
[SOUND] E minor.
Same with D, the D chord.
[SOUND] If you move this
note [SOUND] half step down.
[SOUND] You will have D minor.
[MUSIC]
And the same goes for these minor chords.
You can have, [SOUND] instead of having
the root as the bass note, you can have.
[SOUND] Have the third, as the bass note.
[MUSIC]
Or, or maybe even the fifth,
[SOUND] like that.
[SOUND]
So it's the same with a G chord.
[SOUND]
Instead of having this note, [SOUND]
the B, you can move it down half a step
[SOUND] and you can have a G minor chord.
[MUSIC]
Third in the bass.
[SOUND] Fifth in the bass.
[MUSIC]
Same with C.
[SOUND] Here's the C minor,
[SOUND] instead of the C major.
[SOUND]
So one, one note makes a,
a big difference.
[SOUND] Here's the C [SOUND] minor,
[SOUND] instead of the C major.
[MUSIC]
And
just move that note [SOUND] into E flat.
[MUSIC]
So
if I move it half a step up,
I have a suspended chord.
[MUSIC]
And
if I move it half a step down,
[SOUND] I have a minor chord.
[MUSIC]
All right so
we we learned a couple of chords.
We learned [SOUND] G major.
[SOUND] D major.
And C major.
[SOUND] Also E major, but [SOUND]
mainly E minor [SOUND] for this key.
[MUSIC]
Another one is A minor.
[SOUND] It looks like this.
[MUSIC]
A, E, A.
[SOUND] And C.
Root, 5th.
[SOUND] Root.
[SOUND] And minor 3rd.
[MUSIC]
And
how can we make this chord
into a A major chord?
[SOUND] Yeah, you just move it one step,
[SOUND] like this.
[SOUND] Here we go, A major.
[MUSIC]
And if
we wanna have the third in the bass you,
let's just add a C sharp here like this.
[MUSIC]
Or
if you want to have [SOUND] the fifth
in the bass, [SOUND] just add an E.
[SOUND]
Minor chord.
[SOUND] If you want to have
the third in the bass.
Let's just add the C.
[MUSIC]
Or, or the 5th.
[SOUND] Open E string.
[MUSIC]
So
these are the most typical
chords in that key of G, like.
[MUSIC]
B.
[MUSIC]
C.
[MUSIC]
D.
[MUSIC]
Maybe, [SOUND] maybe E minor.
[MUSIC]
C.
[MUSIC]
A minor.
[MUSIC]
D.
[MUSIC]
And G.
[SOUND]
So
I put together a little backing track for
you to practice on.
[SOUND] So but start by practicing
these chord shapes all over again,
changing them, adjusting the thirds.
Doing a major chord doing,
a minor chord and, and
so you get used to these
basic shapes in this key.
Then later on,
I will show you to play in other keys, but
that will make [SOUND] a difference.
Because then some of the chords
will need to be bar chords,
unless you are using a capodastro.
A capodastro is a little metallic
thing that you put on the guitar neck.
At any positions,
you can still do the open chord.
Doesn't matter what key you're in.
But, I'm not gonna teach you that,
I'm gonna teach you this the hard way.
All right.
[MUSIC]