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Jazz & More Guitar Lessons: Basic Chord Shapes: 7th Chords

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Guitar Basics,
Basic Chord Shapes: 7th Chords.
Hopefully by now, you've learned
how to play some basic chords.
Leaned how to use the pick
in a relaxed way.
You've learned how to use
some of these barre chords.
Maybe you created some
calluses on your left hand, so
it doesn't hurt as much when you play.
[SOUND] And yeah.
Hopefully, you have grown accustomed
to this instrument, the guitar.
And we can move on, [SOUND] going into
some more, little bit more advanced stuff.
Cuz earlier on,
we did chords based on triads,
like major chords
[MUSIC]
Or minor chords.
[SOUND] One, three, five.
[SOUND] One.
[SOUND] Minor 3rd.
[SOUND] Five.
[SOUND] In all, in all different keys.
Using open strings, some of these chords.
[MUSIC]
Like G, [SOUND] as in the G minor.
[MUSIC]
Or [SOUND] the barre chords.
[SOUND] Now we're gonna add
something we call seventh notes and
it's depends.
If you're in the scale,
if you're in G major.
[MUSIC]
You're gonna get back to the scale,
[SOUND] later.
[MUSIC]
But this G.
[SOUND] A.
[SOUND] B.
[SOUND] C.
[SOUND] D.
[SOUND] E.
[SOUND] F sharp.
[SOUND] G.
[MUSIC]
You can play it anywhere you like.
[MUSIC]
So get back to this.
[MUSIC]
Now I am running,
running out of frets here.
[LAUGH] So [SOUND] this scale,
you have the [SOUND] first step.
[SOUND] The second step,
what did we call it a 9th.
[SOUND] Third.
[SOUND] Fourth.
[SOUND] Fifth.
[SOUND] Sixth.
[SOUND] And this is the seventh.
[SOUND] And in a major scale,
in a major chord, this is a major 7th.
So a G major 7th would have
the chord the notes G,
[SOUND] B, [SOUND] D,
[SOUND] and the major 7th.
The major 7th would be F sharp.
[SOUND]
So
this would be a basic form of this chord.
[SOUND] Basic shape of playing it.
[SOUND] First finger on G.
[SOUND] Third finger on F sharp.
[SOUND] Fourth finger on B.
[MUSIC]
Second finger [SOUND] on D.
[MUSIC]
And if you would do the same up here on G.
[SOUND] It would be like a barre chord,
like this.
[SOUND] G.
[SOUND] D.
[SOUND] F sharp.
[SOUND] B.
[SOUND] And D.
[MUSIC]
So
I will learn you a few different shapes.
There are many, many difference once,
but this is the basic [SOUND] one.
The, when the, [SOUND] the root is here.
[SOUND] This is a basic one
[SOUND] when the root is up here.
[SOUND] This is another.
[MUSIC]
G.
[SOUND] D.
[SOUND] F sharp.
[SOUND] And B.
[MUSIC]
Here is another useful one.
[MUSIC]
If you want to use these fingers.
[SOUND] G.
[SOUND] B.
[SOUND] D.
And F sharp.
[SOUND] The fingering is
kind of optional there.
[SOUND] There are different chords
than major [SOUND] 7th chords.
[SOUND] You also have the minor 7th chord.
And then you have the, instead of this
major 3rd, [SOUND] you have the minor 3rd.
[SOUND] And instead of this
[SOUND] major 7, you have this 7.
[SOUND] And minor 7.
[SOUND] So instead of B [SOUND] and
F sharp [SOUND] B flat [SOUND] and F.
So a chord like that could
[SOUND] sound like this.
G minor 7.
G.
[SOUND] F.
[SOUND] B flat.
[SOUND] And D.
[SOUND]
First finger.
[SOUND] Second finger.
[SOUND] Third one.
[SOUND] And fourth one.
[SOUND]
Or if you wanna do it like this.
[MUSIC]
Or barre, [SOUND] or
if you wanna use your thumb for
the root, like I sometimes do.
[MUSIC]
This is the basic position for G minor 7.
[SOUND] You can even add G on top,
up here.
[SOUND] This is another position,
[SOUND] if the root is up here on G.
[MUSIC]
So G, first finger.
[SOUND] Third finger on D.
[SOUND] You barre it.
[SOUND] First finger on [SOUND] F.
[SOUND] You add the second finger.
Here is another one you can use.
[SOUND] G.
[SOUND] D.
[SOUND] F.
[SOUND] And B flat.
[MUSIC]
So
G minor 7.
[SOUND] There is also something
called a dominant 7th chord.
It means that you use a G.
[SOUND] Use the major 3rd once again,
[SOUND] a 5th, [SOUND] D.
And the minor [SOUND] 7th.
[MUSIC]
Where you have two, and
let's call it the 7th.
'Cause this is a major 7th and
you call this the 7th.
[SOUND] So G.
[SOUND] B.
[SOUND] D.
[SOUND] And F.
[SOUND]
And the basic shape of that chord
could be.
[MUSIC]
Like this.
[MUSIC]
Or if you want to use the thumb.
[MUSIC]
G.
[SOUND] F.
[SOUND] B.
[SOUND] And D.
[MUSIC]
You can also use the barre.
[MUSIC]
Up here, it will be like this.
[MUSIC]
G.
[SOUND] B.
[SOUND] F.
[SOUND] If you wanna add D.
[SOUND] D on top [SOUND] or
if you wanna barre it.
[SOUND] G.
[SOUND] D.
[SOUND] Third finger on [SOUND] or
if you wanna do it like this.
[SOUND] It's optional.
You can either use [SOUND] first finger.
[SOUND] Third, barred with the first.
[SOUND] And fourth up on B.
[MUSIC]
D.
[SOUND] G.
[SOUND] D.
[SOUND] F.
[SOUND] B.
[SOUND] And D on top.
[SOUND] We can use these fingers instead.
[MUSIC]
The second and, [SOUND] and third.
[MUSIC]
And here's another [SOUND] basic one.
[SOUND] G.
[SOUND] D.
[SOUND] F.
[SOUND] And B.
[SOUND] So you see.
[MUSIC]
There are so many ways of [SOUND] to
flavor these 7th,
[SOUND] 7th chords [SOUND] like.
I will speak more about this later on,
especially in the jazz block,
you can flavor them with 13 the 6
[SOUND] with 9, [SOUND] 13, 9.
[SOUND] You can flavor them
with like [SOUND] 13 flat 9.
[SOUND] 13 sharp 9.
[MUSIC]
Now this is for D sharp 9.
[SOUND] And this is sharp 9 to sharp 5,
[SOUND] or sharp 9.
[SOUND] There is many,
many possibilities, but for,
just for now, we will just play
the basic chord shapes, like the 7th.
Like this, [SOUND] or
if you wanna do it like this.
[SOUND] Or.
[MUSIC]
We'll get back to the other stuff later.
We have loads of material to go
through during these classes.
So then we have a fourth one.
We have the minor 7.
Flat 5 chord shape.
[SOUND] It's G.
[SOUND] G flat.
[SOUND] This is minor.
[SOUND]
Then we have the flat 5.
Instead of D, [SOUND] we have the D flat.
[SOUND] And then we have [SOUND] F.
[SOUND] A minor 7th of the 7th.
[MUSIC]
G.
[SOUND] B flat.
[SOUND] D flat.
[SOUND] And F.
[SOUND]
So this would be a basic chord shape.
[SOUND] G.
[SOUND] The second finger.
[SOUND] F with your third finger.
[SOUND] B flat with your fourth finger.
[SOUND] And first finger on [SOUND]
2nd position B string, [SOUND] E flat.
[MUSIC]
Get used to this sound.
This sound is slightly [SOUND]
different from yesterday.
The major [SOUND] and minor chords.
[MUSIC]
If you will play it up here,
[SOUND] the root is here.
It will sound like this.
[MUSIC]
G.
[SOUND] And third third finger D flat.
[SOUND] F for your second finger.
[SOUND] And
B flat with your fourth finger.
[SOUND] Might also be good to know
that these minor 7th [SOUND] chords.
Minor 7 flat 5 chords [SOUND] are
inversions of [SOUND] of minor 6 chord.
[SOUND] So this could also be,
instead of being a G minor.
[SOUND] 7 flat 5.
This could also be a B flat [SOUND]
minor 6, starting from a different note.
[SOUND] But
we'll get back [SOUND] to that later on.
[SOUND] Don't get confused by me and
hearing me saying that.
[SOUND] G minor.
[SOUND] 7 flat 5.
[SOUND] In this position,
it looks like this.
[MUSIC]
G.
[SOUND] D flat.
[SOUND] F.
[SOUND] And B flat.
[SOUND] Even up here,
[SOUND] you're gonna put
the root on top, instead of in the bass.
[SOUND] So, these are the four
basic chord shapes of 7th chord.
So major 7, minor 7, 7 and minor 7 flat 5.
[MUSIC]