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Art Lessons: Proportions

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[MUSIC]
So talking about proportions,
we are really looking for right around
seven or eight heads.
Michelangelo used to.
Think that the ideal figure had eight
heads.
David had eight heads.
In the fashion world, they'll do about ten
heads.
I've seen 12 heads when you look at some
of those crazy drawings.
I had a teacher, Gregory Warketon, one of
the greatest draftsman.
Of all time and you know,
he I would say fashion drawings he would
do between eight heads and, and
12 heads depending on how crazy he was
getting you know, in the animation
world some of the cartoon characters you
know, they can be four heads.
So it just depends what you're looking for
if you're looking for
that kind of like funny, crazy, zany
character,
it's funny to be four heads or three
heads.
If you're looking for super elongated kind
of Egon Schiele
drawings you're looking at like you know,
nine heads.
If you're looking super fashion world.
You know, ten heads.
But what I like to do is kinda show you
how, how I break it down because
regardless you really wanna be able to
understand how to measure those heads.
So what I do is I take from the top of the
head,.
To the bottom of the chin and I just take
a, a marcation, so
that's top of the head, let's say, bottom
of the chin.
So, that's your measurement point.
So whatever you do
you will use this as your measuring point
for the rest of the figure.
So, top of head, bottom of chin.
Let's just say,
[NOISE] like that, so
then the bottom of the chin goes.
Down to the, right around the sternum.
So I just take this measurement here.
Right?
Take this measurement which is from like
here to here and I just mark it.
Or you could do it this way, take this, do
that, mark it.
And that's your sternum.
So that's how I do it.
Now this can be incredibly scientific.
You could spend hours, days, weeks doing
this.
But usually as a general rule I'll just
go.
Pop, pop, pop.
Pop, pop, pop.
Pop, pop, pop.
Bam, bam, bam.
Like that.
Pretty fast.
So here we go again.
Sternum and right below the belly button.
So this is like sternum area.
Let's kinda give some perspective.
And this is my central axis, so this is
right around.
Pit of the neck and this is
same proportion, so belly button here,
gonna be right below the belly button,
right there.
So, head.
Sternum.
You know what?
I would even say it is the belly button.
I take that measurement back.
It is the belly button.
Sometimes, you make mistakes and
that's good to make mistakes, because
that's when happy accidents happen.
And that's when you have those new
discoveries.
So.
Top of the head.
Sternum.
Belly button.
Okay.
Right below the pubic arch.
So I'd say.
Here's one.
Sternum is two.
Belly button is three and right below the
pubic arch is four.
So let's draw the figure a little bit here
so
we could see what we're actually talking
about.
We get the figure in just a little bit.
[SOUND]
Even this the general.
Kind of [NOISE] and
we could always switch it up.
To fit the proportions.
I just wanna get something down.
So,.
We've got one head here.
[SOUND]
[SOUND]
And this actually serve kinda well as a,
as a measuring tool too.
[SOUND]
Got one head here.
One head here.
One head here.
That's three.
And
you're talking about one right about here.
That's four.
So you've got one,
two, three, four, five, right about the
kneecaps.
That's five.
Let me draw that in.
[SOUND]
There you have one.
Got your fifth one here.
One, two,
three, four, five, right where the
kneecaps are.
Then you've got six, seven and a quarter
for her, seven and a quarter.
So everyone's different.
[SOUND]
So that is kind of a quick way.
You've got here, here.
So, as you can see, you've got one Two.
Three.
Four Five.
Six, seven and
a half.
So, I'd say this figure is seven and a
half.
Now,.
Let's take a look at maybe doing another
figure which is like ten.
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]
I quickly just do, one.
Let's do the action first, two, three,
four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten.
You see how exaggerated that is already?
It's like crazy.
So we now,
you have to kinda proportionately figure
that out what figure models here and
you can obviously make it more leggy, you
can make it more torso.
But obviously, more leggy is.
What fashion models like to do.
Go here, here, here,
here, like that.
[SOUND] And.
Well, this is very kind of my own boo of
version.
My own distorted version.
But as you could see, you get pretty
crazy, pretty fast with distorting it.
Cuz it is ten heads.
And the head's really usually small.
You could see if I were to take her and
kind of like [NOISE] elongate her to ten
heads.
That's how it would be.
Do another one just really fast.
So I could just do kind of a quick one out
of my head.
One, two, three, four, five,
six, seven, eight, nine, ten.
[SOUND]
You obviously would get,
you can get stylized a little bit more.
[SOUND]
And you could see how this would be more
appealing for [NOISE] fashion.
Still basic principles apply inside, strut
side.
[SOUND]
Artistic license here [SOUND]
[SOUND]
So it's a little bit more exaggerated.
Okay.
Now obviously, the other side of that is
foreheads.
One, two.
I can just do this myself.
One, two, three, four.
And you can see how you can create you
know, a character like this.
[SOUND]
More a little bit more of a cartoon front.
[SOUND]
But you see the proportions really lend
themselves to that.
[SOUND]
You could see how.
[SOUND]
If
you're going to have that kind of a
proportion,
you're gonna get a different kind of
[NOISE] character.
It's not going to be fashioning.
It's not going to be classical.
It'll be a little bit more like this.
I guess it could be, but.
[SOUND]
And there you go.
Different size proportions for a different
kind of character.
But just be aware of this.
It's not something that is the most
important thing in the world.
But it's something that you should
definitely have in mind.
Because whatever or however many heads you
give a figure,
that's going to determine the kind of
figure that you're gonna be drawing.
So it's really good to actually practice
this a bunch of times just to see and
to count [NOISE] how many heads a figure
is.
In fact, you should do that exercise where
you take the top of your friend's head or
your mom's head or your girlfriend's head
or your daughter's head and
you take the top and the bottom of the
chin and see how many heads they have.
It's a real interesting exercise.
Remember, the ideal according to
Michelangelo.
The ideal head is eight heads.
[MUSIC]