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Violin Lessons: Detaché

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[MUSIC]
The detache is the basis for
all other bow strokes.
It's a simple, smooth back and forth
stroke.
[MUSIC]
It can be done in any part of the bow,
it can use the whole bow or,
or only part of the bow.
Now the goal is a smooth stroke and a
smooth bow change.
I had a lesson with Pinchas Zukerman once,
where he demonstrated how all the strokes
just came from detache.
Now, if you stop a detache.
[MUSIC]
It's a martele and
if you take it off the string,
[SOUND] it's a colle and so on.
Now you want equal pressure with all your
fingers and the thumb when you're
performing a detache, so that no one part
is pressing harder than the others.
And you wanna use basically, a flat hair.
Not too much tilt, so that you're getting
the most sound that you can.
Now you need to learn how to break up the
parts of the bow, so
that you can do a detache just in the
upper half.
[MUSIC]
Or the lower.
[MUSIC]
That becomes important any number of
places where you don't have a choice what
part of the bow you're in and
you have to make due in one half or the
other.
Now you'll notice that in order to
maintain a straight bow,
a bow where the stick is parallel to the
bridge the whole way.
Depending on the length of your arm,
you'll need to push
out with your upper arm when you get to a
certain point near the tip.
[SOUND] For me, that point's about here.
If I just continue to bow without letting
my upper arm push out this way,
[SOUND] it'll take me back and I'll have a
crooked bow.
But at this point if I instead, let my
upper arm push out.
[MUSIC]
I get the straight bow.
Some people's arms are long enough that
they never need to do that move in order
to have a straight bow.
And some people's arms are short enough
that they can't get all the way to the tip
with a straight bow, even if they extend
all the way.
If that's you, you don't need to worry.
You don't need to use that last entry to a
bow or
you may find that it's fine to go off
parallel for that last little bit.
But you'll want to develop that move
smoothly, so
that you can maintain a straight bow.
[MUSIC]
Now when you send me a video of detache,
I'd like you to show me some full bows, a
simple scale.
[MUSIC]
Nice and
straight.
And then if you could do the same thing
using only the middle bow,
stopping here and here.
Then finally, the same, but with half the
bows in the upper half and
then in the lower half to show me how
you've mastered straight detache bowing.
[MUSIC]