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Violin Lessons: B-I-N-G-O

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Here in Bingo or B, I, N, G,
O, we get to look at a couple
essential parts of violin playing.
One of them is the short strokes or the
martelé strokes, and that's,
that's a basic stroke where you stop at
the end of each note.
So if detaché is the smoothest
possible connection,
martelé is generally a faster bow
with a stop.
So the eighths martelé,
the quarters détaché, or
long and connected,
that's the first thing.
The second thing is variations and, Bingo
is nothing if not variations because,
of course, each time you come back, if
you're singing it you leave out a letter.
When you're playing it in my version,
you're gonna have a different kind of fun,
well violin fun anyway, on each variation,
so I'll explain those.
The first time, the first variation oh,
I should mention that each time you come
back to the tune you're going to be doing
a bow circle, because you end each verse
so you're ending up bow.
And you're gonna start the next verse up
bow as well, so you need a little bow
circle back to the middle.
So, end of each
verse, a bow circle.
Now, the first variation when you're
leaving out the B,
which is at letter C, you're going to make
an extra bow circle.
So this is going to test your timing.
So during the note you leave out, you make
a bow circle.
So for each of these circles, what I want
is a circle that takes me back to
the string just at the moment I need it.
So no faster, well, and certainly no
slower than you need.
I suppose a little bit fast would be
better than too slow because too slow,
you're late.
A little too fast, you just have to wait.
But I'd like you to practice the perfect
you can change the speed of your circle by
changing the size of the circle.
That's actually something that's useful to
think about in the advanced repertoire and
the orchestral excerpts as well, changing
the size of your circle,
rather than just trying to do it slower or
So that's your first variation.
The next variation at letter D, you're
going to be tapping with the bow.
[SOUND] Tapping with the the little
nut at the bottom of the bow.
So, that's sort of like a bow circle,
except you're going to be moving the bow
to tap with the nut,
and you'll be keeping the bow grip exactly
the same as it has been.
Just like with the bow circle,
when you come back to the string,
[SOUND] you wanna put it right back in
the middle, right back in the position to
play the next note.
Now at letter E, your variation is finger
Same idea, you've got to get that bow back
in the right place to play the next note,
even when you're tapping.
And right there, even though in their
other versions,
in the other verses I play that E on an
open string, here because I wanna tap,
I'll tap with the fourth finger on the A
Now these finger taps are not just a silly
variation here in Bingo,
they're actually a really useful way to
practice other passages.
When you tap you use a little bit more
finger pressure,
finger action, than you would use in real
playing, so
you don't wanna practice tapping all day,
every day.
But it's a great way to [SOUND] practice
motion and even to practice hand shape.
You don't wanna use your maximum force,
but you do wanna hear the finger
going down on to the string, so that's
your variation there.
Next one, two before F.
This variation we're gonna be at the tip.
Still martelé.
And you're gonna tap three times at,
with the bow at the tip.
So that's a quiet variation, and when you
do that, when you're tapping with
the bow at the tip, I don't want you to
move the whole bow up and down.
I just want you to use your pinky to move
the tip of the bow up and down.
So all I'm doing here, it's a little lever
with my thumb and my pinky,
I press down with my pinky to make the tip
of the bow move up.
So that's that one.
And finally your last variation, it's
finger taps again because those are so
useful, you tap every single note.
And finally you end with the bow and
what I'd like you to do during those taps,
because there's so
many of them, you do a huge, slow bow
So while you're doing all those taps,
slow circle and, and
right in the right place to end Bingo.