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Banjo Lessons: Sixths

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[MUSIC]
This lesson is about sixths.
Not the easiest word to say, sixths.
The sound of sixths is much different than
Scruggs style.
It's a very pretty sound.
You've undoubtably heard it for a million
years.
Just listening to music in general,
classical music or
almost any music uses sixths.
You hear this kind of a sound.
[MUSIC]
What a sixth is is an interval of two
notes that are six notes apart from each
other.
Let's say, you're starting on G.
[MUSIC]
Do, re, mi, fa, so, la.
[MUSIC]
One, two, three, four, five, six.
Those two notes.
[MUSIC]
The open third string and
the second fret of the first string.
[MUSIC]
Are sixth apart from each other.
[MUSIC]
Now, if you go to the next
note of the G scale on each string.
Let's say you're going up the G scale on
the first string.
Do re mi fa so la ti do.
Zero two four five seven nine 11 12 on the
third string.
And you do the same on the first string.
Do, re, mi, fa, so, la, ti, do, re, mi,
fa, so.
[MUSIC]
So it's, one, two, three,
four, five, six, seven, eight, two, three,
four, five.
[MUSIC]
What you're kind of doing is leap frogging
between the two strings.
So you'll have zero on the third string
open, two on the first string.
And then the next sixth using the notes of
the G scale will be the second fret
of the third string, the fourth fret of
the first string,
and then jump to the fourth fret of the
third,
fifth fret of the first, five and seven,
seven and nine, nine and ten, 11 and 12.
[MUSIC]
12 and 14.
[MUSIC]
Now, for the, you can do what you'd like,
but I use the index and pinky for all of
these.
So here it's comfortable when, when
there's a two fret spread.
When there's a one fret spread, it's a
little tight, but not too bad.
[MUSIC]
And
that way you're not having to switch out
fingers like you, otherwise,
you might not want to go, you might want
to go index to the pinky.
[MUSIC]
An index to the ring.
[MUSIC]
Index, pinky.
[MUSIC]
Index, pinky.
[MUSIC]
Index, ring.
[MUSIC]
I think for me anyway it's easier.
[MUSIC]
Just to use the same two fingers
throughout.
[MUSIC]
That's going up an octave.
[MUSIC]
From there to there.
[MUSIC]
You can also continue on.
[MUSIC]
14 and 16.
[MUSIC]
16 and 17.
[MUSIC]
17 and 19.
[MUSIC]
19 and 21.
[MUSIC]
You can also,
go up on that interval and go down on that
interval.
[MUSIC]
You get some really pretty sounds just by
manipulating the music.
[MUSIC]
And
we can do a little bit of an Osborne role,
to, in,
integrate these sixths into a role.
[MUSIC]
Right, now let's play a little bit of Good
Night, Ladies.
[COUGH] Just to integrate the sixth into
the tune.
[MUSIC]
So
it'll be.
[MUSIC]
So,
what I'm doing is
just extracting
certain sixths
right there because
the melody note is on
the first string.
Good night ladies.
Good, so I take the, take the the interval
that has that melody note on top.
Good night, ladies.
Nine, five, zero, five.
And here's the sixth position for
that melody note, which is the third one
that we've played so far.
And then just.
Go open on the first and third string.
[MUSIC]
There's the melody note there.
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]
All right.
Let's go ahead and do one more thing with
Careless Love while
we're still working on the first and
third strings because you can find sixths
elsewhere on the fingerboard.
And Careless Love is getting a little more
complicated, roll wise and musically.
But, it makes good use of the sixth and
Careless Love.
[MUSIC]
Except I'm doing it up here.
[MUSIC]
Pretty tune.
[MUSIC]
You wouldn't want to have someone sing it
at your wedding, but it's a pretty tune.
So I'm sliding into this sixth that we've
already played.
[MUSIC]
From the fifth fret.
[MUSIC]
I'm sorry.
[MUSIC]
I'm going down to the sixth on the fourth
and fifth frets.
[MUSIC]
I'm going to the sixth on the second and
fourth frets.
I'm doing some pinching here.
[MUSIC]
And then I open up the first string and
add the ring on the fourth fret of the
third string.
[MUSIC]
Sorry.
[MUSIC]
And
then go back to that original position.
[MUSIC]
Up three frets to the five and the seven.
[MUSIC]
So you're just playing your G chord.
And then I move the ring and middle finger
to the fifth fret of the second and
third, third string, to get a C chord, and
then a C-minor chord.
This is just filler material.
I'm going to C-minor where the fifth fret
of the second string goes down a half step
to the fourth fret of the second string,
back to the G.
So it's a little.
[MUSIC]
Journey to C and C-minor, back to G.
[MUSIC]
And then continue.
[MUSIC]
Now to slide up to the 12th fret.
[MUSIC].
And coming from this position,
I put the ring down on the 10th fret of
the third string,
and slide up to the 12th fret of the third
string while
the pinky's on the 12th fret of the first
string.
Shift fingers to the index and pinky back
to the pinky and ring, to the D seventh.
Five and seven, up one fret.
[MUSIC]
So you're going from the D seventh,
[MUSIC]
to G.
[MUSIC]
So I'm at 10 and 12.
[MUSIC]
And
I move the pinky up one fret to the 13th
fret, creating a little tension.
[MUSIC]
Up to the C here.
[MUSIC]
Keeping the middle on
the fifth fret of the third string.
[MUSIC]
I have the pinky on
the seventh fret of the first.
Index on the fourth fret of the second.
Middle on the fifth fret of the third.
Move the pinky to there.
[MUSIC]
And start, go back to the way we started.
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]
Now,
there are also sixths on the second and
fourth strings.
[MUSIC]
That's a sixth right there.
One, two, three, four, five, six.
There's your D note.
[MUSIC]
Your G.
[MUSIC]
To B.
One, two, three, four, five, six.
So going back and forth, you have the
sixth right there, and again,
leap frogging back between.
[MUSIC]
Notes of si, of the G scale.
[MUSIC]
It's pretty if you also add in the first
string.
[MUSIC]
And you can keep going.
14 and 13.
16 and 15, 17 and 17, 19 and 19, 21 and
20.
[MUSIC]
So,
here's a little exercise.
[MUSIC]
That we'll do, but
let's start, we've been doing this all in
G.
Let's do something in D here.
[MUSIC]
Where you'll start on four and three.
And by the way, when I'm doing this, let
me go back to the G, one more time.
I'm going middle and index, middle and
index, but
when I get to the same fret, five and
five, I go to middle and ring.
Middle and ring, middle and index.
Middle and ring.
[MUSIC]
Middle and ring.
[MUSIC]
Middle and index.
[MUSIC]
Let's jump to D for
a second though, and let's do some sixths
in D.
[MUSIC]
Very similar to the G.
[MUSIC]
Four and three, five and five,
seven and seven, nine and eight.
Sorry.
11 and ten, 12 and 12,
14 and 14, 16 and 15.
And just wanted to try a little bit of Ode
to Joy, Beethoven's Ode to Joy here.
It's kind of a recurring theme in this
project.
[MUSIC]
And again, I'm hitting the first string
with the sixth.
It just makes it a little bit prettier.
[MUSIC]
Okay, so
that's a little taste of sixths, and yeah,
I'm sure you'll,
you'll be finding more of it as we go
along here, and send me a tape.
Let me hear what you're doing with this,
so we can hear how, how things are going.
Okay, thanks.
[MUSIC]