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Jazz & More Guitar Lessons: Introduction to Octaves

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Tips and Techniques,
Introduction to Octaves.
This lesson is going to be about octaves.
And octave is an interval, it is like,
you have a third, you have a fourth,
you have a fifth, sixth,
seventh and here you go, an octave.
An octave means you play the same note,
but with a range of like, one, two,
three, four, five, six, seven, eight.
Eight notes up.
So you play the same note,
but one octave up.
So, if you have a D for
instance, you can play it here.
[MUSIC]
You can, you can use your,
if you wanna do a stretch
you can do like this.
Use your first finger and your third.
But most people play with their first
finger and their fourth finger.
So here you have the D7
position third string.
And you have D up here.
10th position first string.
[MUSIC]
Next one would be here.
[MUSIC]
Or down here.
[MUSIC]
Let's see up here,
and we have D on the 15th fret.
We have D on the 12th fret.
[MUSIC]
Same fingering.
[MUSIC]
And then on the fifth string and
the third string, 5th position,
here I am using my first finger and
my third finger, the same here.
[MUSIC]
Some players like Django Reinhardt,
for instance, he only had two fingers,
so instead of playing it like this.
He had, he only could use these two
because these two were crippled, so
he did like this.
[MUSIC]
He, you played the octaves like that.
[MUSIC]
But most players today,
they do this kind of.
[MUSIC]
This kind of octave style with these
fingerings.
[MUSIC]
And Wes Montgomery was the one,
probably made octaves really
popular using them in jazz.
Django did it a couple
of years earlier but
Wes was the one who really started
playing solos using octaves like.
[MUSIC]
Stuff like that.
Using the thumb.
Of course, you can use your pick if
you wanna get this kind of sound.
[MUSIC]
Like using it in a on a disco song.
[MUSIC]
You can do it like that but
if you want that jazzy kind of sound.
Use your thumb and mute that string
in between with your first finger,
so you can see,
instead of doing it like this,
then this note would ring,
I just hold my finger across here, so
I mute this one, here, so
even if I hit the string, you can't hear.
[MUSIC]
See, it's muted.
[MUSIC]
So
just as an exercise, and you do the same
thing here, of course, with the same mute.
[MUSIC]
So you can like practice the scale.
A major scale.
[MUSIC]
D, E, F sharp,
G, A, B, C sharp, and D.
[MUSIC]
Now we have to go back.
We have to turn around because
there are not enough frets.
[MUSIC]
And then you can slide to.
[MUSIC]
Like West did.
[MUSIC]
You just slide down like for
instance to the next note of the scale.
[MUSIC]
You can also slide up.
[MUSIC]
You can slide up and back.
[MUSIC]
Like that.
So you have to practice these
octaves all over the neck.
You can practice in different keys.
This is in the key of D.
[MUSIC]
You can practice all the other keys,
as well.
[MUSIC]
But just try to be free and
just create melodies.
[MUSIC]
Then after a while,
you can start adding some chromatic notes,
like I do.
[MUSIC]
Like that.
That's pretty difficult technically.
You really have to get
used to these fingerings.
[MUSIC]
Something like that.
So, let's play a backing track,
the chords here are just D major
7 and A7 sus, like a G or A leading back.
[MUSIC]
The chords are very similar to
the old hit song Breezin' that
was made famous by George Benson.
So let's try and practice some octaves.
[MUSIC]
So this major scale
works over both chords.
[MUSIC]
In the second chord,
if you start from A and play those same
notes, it will be called A mixolydian.
And if you wanna learn more about this,
you can just check out the jazz section.
But for now, you can see it as
a D major scale starting on A.
[MUSIC]
I'm doing a roll here,
just using the pick up and down.
[MUSIC]
So that was a little bit about octaves.
So practice to this backing track.
Practice the octaves all over
the guitar neck and send me a video and
I will view it for you.
Give you some feedback and see you online.
Thank you.
[MUSIC]