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Jazz & More Guitar Lessons: Ionian Mode

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Jazz Basics, Ionian Part 1.
Improvising in jazz is all
about creating melodies.
Melodies and what is also significant for
jazz, it's longer melody lines and
and trying to have a flow of notes.
Trying to have,
to play through the changes easily and
I will teach you some scales.
It's not all about scales, you know,
it's, it's about melodies.
But scales might also be a good way
of getting to know the material,
getting to feel comfortable with
with a series of notes that you're
going to use while you're improvising.
So I'd like you to approach
it from both ways.
Both use your ears and try when you
play and improvise try just to he,
he, play what you hear.
Try to create new melodies, but it might
also be good to know a certain scale to,
to have it you know, to have it in your
vocabulary, to know what it is, so
you can ex,
also explain what you're doing.
So let's just start with
the most basic scale.
If we have it like a C major 7 chord.
[SOUND]
Let's just start by, here's an E, so
you can tune.
Let's see.
[SOUND] That's an E, yeah,
so you can tune after me.
[MUSIC]
So we can have a C major 7th,
and the scale is just an Ionian scale.
It's C Ionian, it's a C major scale.
The notes we have is C,
D, E, F, G, A,
B, C, like that.
And my way of doing this, is instead of
thinking in boxes, the the most typical,
the most common way of doing this would be
to play three notes per string like this.
[MUSIC]
Like that,
and then move on to the next box to play.
[MUSIC]
But
I would prefer if you would try
another way, the way I'm doing it.
Try to see the whole guitar as one
unit instead of thinking in the,
in these boxes.
'Cause if you would just
start by experimenting,
by playing a C major scale and
just play it on one string.
[MUSIC]
C, D, having doing it on the A string,
so C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C.
Now, I'm just using one finger,
you can use anything you're like.
Why not try it on the fourth string?
[MUSIC]
Now, we pretty have four up here.
You can try it on the low E.
[MUSIC]
On the G string.
[MUSIC]
On the B string.
[MUSIC]
And on the high E string.
[MUSIC]
And the notes are the same, C, D, E, F, G,
A, B, and C, and let's, let's try to,
I can show you the intervals
intervals first.
The first interval is a whole step.
Then you have another whole step.
Half step.
Whole step.
Whole step.
Whole step then half step.
So you know that, and
then after a while you can just start.
[MUSIC]
All over the neck.
Maybe start like this.
[MUSIC]
Maybe slide up, move on up.
[MUSIC]
So
that this way I can
start a phrase up here.
[MUSIC]
And end it down here.
So that's the way I'm looking at all
these scales I'm gonna show you.
Instead of teaching you
the specific positions,
I will teach you the notes, and you
will hear the sound of the actual scale.
And then you will be free to improvise and
try to find melodies all over the neck.
So then you can also start trying to
play some intervals within the scale,
like thirds.
[MUSIC]
Like C, E, D, F, E, G, F,
A, G, B, A, C, like this.
[MUSIC]
So
you just find your way all over the neck.
You can also try fourths
fourth intervals like C, F,
D, G, E, A, F, B, C, G, C.
[MUSIC]
Like that.
[MUSIC]
Within the scale.
So, pretty nice.
You can try it up here.
[MUSIC]
Like that, and you can also try fifths.
These are large intervals.
They sound pretty nice.
[MUSIC]
You have C, you have G.
[MUSIC]
You have D, you have A.
[MUSIC]
Then you have E and you have B, so.
[MUSIC]
You have F,
you have C, you have G G,
you have D, you have A, you have E,
you have B, and F, and then back to D.
So,.
[MUSIC]
Like that.
It's beautiful.
You can try a sixth like,
again we can start up instead of down.
[MUSIC]
And the low C, we can start on the high C.
[MUSIC]
For instance like that.
C, E, G, D, A,
C, G, E, F, A, E,
G, D, F, and C, E.
That's very nice, you can.
[MUSIC]
And then finally you
can also try the 7th interval,
but these are really.
[MUSIC]
Large intervals.
[MUSIC]
For instance, C,
D, B, C, A, B, G,
A, F, G, E, E, F,
D, E, and C, and D.
[MUSIC]
So those are the seventh intervals.
[MUSIC]
Jazz Basics,
Ionian Mode Part 2 With Chromatics.
So in this scale, in the Ionian
scale there is one note that-.
[MUSIC]
Is a bit, you can almost call it a void,
an a void note.
In, in modal music,
if you're playing modal music.
[MUSIC]
This is one of the notes that creates
the sound of the Ionian scale.
But it's more like a-
[MUSIC]
A note not to rest on.
If you hear the chord.
[MUSIC]
This is more a, a kind of a passing note.
It creates tension.
That might resolve into,
into the third or-
[MUSIC]
So you hear.
[MUSIC]
So it's it's resolving into something.
Instead of just ending a phrase.
[MUSIC]
'Cause it's like a suspended note,
a suspension, it's, you hear and
it wants to go there, or up there.
[MUSIC]
And when you have a scale like this.
[MUSIC]
Another
thing I do that's very common
in jazz is chromatics.
I use it a lot and most jazz players do.
You can add like a chromatic note.
If you have-
For instance, if you start on the,
on the B here.
[SOUND]
And you, you have a melody like this.
[MUSIC]
B.
[SOUND] A.
[SOUND] G.
[SOUND]
[MUSIC]
You can put chromatic notes in-between
them, the notes of the scale.
Like for instance B.
[SOUND] B flat.
[SOUND] A.
[SOUND] A flat.
[SOUND] G.
[SOUND] So instead of going like this.
[MUSIC]
You might go.
[MUSIC]
And
you can find other places
in the scale that we can-
[MUSIC]
Like E.
[SOUND] E flat.
[SOUND] D.
[SOUND] D flat.
[SOUND] C.
[SOUND] Or maybe as one note, in-between.
Like, if you have, like this.
You have an A.
[SOUND] Going to G.
[SOUND]
[MUSIC]
You can put a A flat in between.
[MUSIC]
When I use,
when I'm used to using
the notes of the scale.
It might sound like this.
I'm gonna try to play this pretty slow.
[MUSIC]
But I can also add some chromatic notes.
And then it will sound like this.
[MUSIC]
That's just an example of some chromatics.
You can also approach
a note from two directions.
Like if you have them for instance the A-
[SOUND] Here.
[SOUND] You can start with the B flat.
[SOUND] And then play the A flat.
[SOUND] And then, end up on the-
[SOUND] The A, the,
one of the notes of the scale.
[MUSIC]
This kind chromolic chromatic approach.
[MUSIC]
And you can half, half-step.
[MUSIC]
Or maybe like this.
[MUSIC]
Here you have A.
[MUSIC]
That's a chromatic note.
F sharp.
[SOUND] B.
[SOUND] D.
[SOUND] B.
[SOUND] C.
[SOUND] F.
[SOUND] E flat.
[SOUND] E.
[SOUND] A.
[SOUND] F sharp.
[SOUND] And G.
[SOUND] So what I'm doing here,
I have the triad.
The C triad.
[MUSIC]
And I'm.
[MUSIC].
I'm using these chromatic notes to
approach the, the each note in the triad.
[MUSIC]
And after a while I will show you more and
more advanced chromatics.
You can go like-
[MUSIC]
And stuff like that.
But we'll continue.
And move on.
And we get back to that later.
But this, these are just the basic for,
for using chromatic-
[MUSIC]
Approach notes.
[MUSIC]
Why not try like this too.
You have the C triad.
[MUSIC]
C.
[SOUND] E.
[SOUND] G.
[SOUND] And C.
[SOUND] And you can approach-
[MUSIC]
Like that chromatically.
[MUSIC]
So B.
[SOUND] C.
[SOUND] D sharp.
[SOUND] E.
[SOUND] F sharp.
[SOUND] G.
[SOUND] B.
[SOUND] And C.
[SOUND] And if you take this scale.
[MUSIC]
The C major scale.
And you, you stack it with thirds.
You get this Arpeggio.
[MUSIC]
C major 7.
And C.
[SOUND] E.
[SOUND] G.
[SOUND] B.
[SOUND] C.
[MUSIC]
And that, it was what,
what is creating the actual mode.
The Ionian Mode.
So now,
we're gonna try to improvise a little bit.
Using these devices on the Ionian
scale over a C major 7 chord.
Here we go.
>> [SOUND]
>> [MUSIC]
So what I did there,
I use some, some notes with the scale.
I use some these intervals thirds.
Fourths I think I also did
some chromatics at the end.
Another device I used here, I used triads.
Because within this scale,
the C major scale.
You can find many triads.
You have the C triad first.
[MUSIC]
You have the D minor.
[MUSIC]
You have the E minor.
[MUSIC]
You have the F major.
[MUSIC]
You have the G major.
[MUSIC]
You have the A minor.
[MUSIC]
And you have the B.
[MUSIC]
You have B.
And you have the minor 3rd.
And the flat 5.
[SOUND] So I can minor.
[SOUND] Flat 5.
[SOUND] Triad.
And then back-
[MUSIC]
To C.
[MUSIC]
So as you can hear, some of these, they-
[MUSIC]
Fit well.
[MUSIC]
Just you know, as passing triads.
Like-
[MUSIC]
But E minor-
[MUSIC]
Works fine.
Because you have the 7th.
You have the 5th.
And you have the 3rd,
[MUSIC]
Of the chord.
And here you have the-
[SOUND] The root.
[SOUND].
The The 3rd and the 5th.
[MUSIC]
The C.
So, C major.
[SOUND] E minor.
[MUSIC]
And also this is nice, the G, G.
[MUSIC]
You have the, the-.
[SOUND] Major 7.
You have the 5th.
[SOUND] And you have the 9.
[MUSIC]
To create a nice flavor.
So you can practice all of these.
Ideas, practice the actual scale.
Learn how to hear it.
Not just moving the fingers,
but being able to-.
[MUSIC]
Jump all over the neck.
Try some of these intervals.
The thirds.
[MUSIC]
The 4th, the 5th.
[MUSIC]
The 6th.
[MUSIC]
The 7th.
[MUSIC]
And even the octaves.
[MUSIC]
And then you can use, start improvising.
[MUSIC]