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Jazz & More Guitar Lessons: Tritone Substitutions

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Jazz Basics, Tritone Substitutions.
[MUSIC].
[MUSIC].
[MUSIC].
[MUSIC].
I'm going to speak a little bit
about Tritone Substitutions.
Tritone Substitutions means that you
replace for instance, a dominant chord.
In this case if you have a G7.
[MUSIC].
We can replace the G7 with the D flat 7.
[SOUND].
With the sharp 4.
Or the flat 5.
You can choose.
I'd like to call it.
So if for instance, you have 2,
5, 1 progression in the key of C.
Means, so first the second step,
D minor 7.
[MUSIC].
D minor 7 chord.
Going to the fifth of the key G7.
[MUSIC].
Then going to.
[MUSIC].
The key of C.
So 2, 5, 1.
[MUSIC].
Like this.
C major 7.
Then you can replace the G
7 with the D flat 7.
You create dominant chord on
the sharp 4 or the flat 5.
So a D flat 7.
And then.
[MUSIC].
You end up on C major.
You move it chromatically
one half step down.
So instead of.
[MUSIC].
You do.
[MUSIC].
And this can be done.
Either you change the chord progression or
you just change when you improvise.
So instead of thinking D minor 7,
G7, C, you think D minor 7, D flat 7, C.
So it would be like if
we just played arpeggio.
[MUSIC].
D minor 7, D, F, A.
C.
G7.
[MUSIC].
G, B, D, and F.
[MUSIC].
And C, E, G, and B.
[MUSIC].
So.
[MUSIC].
These are the basic arpeggios.
Then instead of using G7
you can use D flat 7.
So then it will be.
[MUSIC].
D flat, F, A flat, and B.
[MUSIC].
And if you're gonna play
a scale on this D flat chord,
the scale is called D flat 7,
Lydian flat 7.
Lydian flat 7 in D flat.
[MUSIC].
Like, Lydian flat 7,
like we were going through while we were.
Talking about modes of melodic minor.
So, D flat E flat F, G,
A flat, B flat, B and E flat.
[MUSIC].
So, if we would this is this same
note starting from G instead,
the scale would look like this.
[MUSIC].
And this would be G.
A flat, B flat, B,
D flat, E flat, F, and G.
And then you have a G altered scale.
[MUSIC].
And, G altered is the seventh step of,
A flat melodic minor.
So, and D flat will be the fourth
step of A flat melodic minor.
So what we have here, we have
borrowed this chord, or this scale,
from A flat melodic minor.
While we're still in the key of C.
So,
[MUSIC].
This would sound something like this,
if I will improvise on this 2, 5, 1.
[MUSIC].
[MUSIC].
So, what I'm doing there is
using D flat lydian flat 7,
or a G altered, over the G chord.
[MUSIC].
[MUSIC].
So even though the rhythm
will just be playing a G7,
you can still superimpose this this chord,
D flat 7, to make it more.
Interesting.
And you.
As you can hear it's leading well
very well into C.
Like this.
Note A.
[MUSIC].
From the D [INAUDIBLE].
[MUSIC].
And you have the flat 9 over the G7.
[SOUND].
Ending on the G.
So here you have a really
strong melody line.
Over these chords.
[MUSIC].
The D flat in the bass.
Or, maybe go from E.
[MUSIC].
E, E flat, D.
[MUSIC].
Another very strong melody line.
Descending.
[MUSIC].
And many of these.
[MUSIC].
That's another one or
maybe we can go ascending instead.
[MUSIC].
[MUSIC].
That's nice.
[MUSIC].
[MUSIC].
So, as you can see it's a really
good thing to shake out
all these in the notes in the scales and
you can see where they are going.
And if you can just move them half
a step over to the next chord to create
an interesting melody line.
So let's work and practice a little
bit on this tritone substitution,
and you can send me some videos
while you practice on it.
And I'll be happy to
give you some feedback.
All right, thank you.
[MUSIC].