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Jazz & More Guitar Lessons: Jazz Blues Chord Substitutions

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Jazz Basics,
Jazz Blues Chord Substitutions Part 1.
While we are speaking about the jazz
blues, I want to show you a few
different chord substitutions that
you can use for a jazz blues.
You can either use them as a solo
player when you superimpose them
over the backing track,
or the rhythm section.
Or you can change the actual chords for
the base of the rhythm
section that you play.
So, I wanna show you a few nice ones
if you start on F7 like we did.
[MUSIC]
D flat 7, F7, then you can do it 2,
5, 'cause we already had
the B7 is sub step dominant.
But here we can do 2, 5.
F sharp minor 7, B7 then, B flat 7.
[MUSIC]
Or can do an B flat 7 sus 4, if you like.
[MUSIC]
Do a E flat, sus 4.
[MUSIC]
A flat sus 4.
[MUSIC]
D flat sus 4, then C, C minor.
[MUSIC]
You can do G flat
13 if you like, F7 and
13 then A flat 13.
[MUSIC]
D flat nine, G flat.
[MUSIC]
13 that's the turn around.
So, it will sound like,
the turnaround will sound.
[MUSIC]
Or if you like to use F7, A flat 13,
D flat major, D flat major 9.
[MUSIC]
And G flat 13 so.
[MUSIC]
So it will sound.
[MUSIC]
Something like that, and.
I did a couple of
chromatic approaches too.
I moved the chord a half a step up.
[MUSIC]
Like that.
Instead of F7,
I did a F sharp 7 or an F sharp 9.
[MUSIC]
That's just one thing you can do.
You can also start with
major chords F major.
And you can do E minor 7 flat 5, A7.
D minor 7, D flat 7, C minor 7.
[MUSIC]
B 7,
B flat major 7 or B flat 7.
So it will sound.
[MUSIC]
This is known as
the bebop blues.
Charlie Parker did a lot of
playing with these changes,
like the song Blues for
Alice for instance.
[MUSIC]
That song.
So it's a D to F, E minor 7 flat 5.
[MUSIC]
A 2 5 going to D minor 7 instead of G7.
You have a D flat 7,
triangle substitutions, D minor 7, B 7.
B flat 7.
Here we can do B.
A lot of 2, 5s.
You can do B minor 7,
B flat minor 7, E flat 7,
A minor 7, B7, A flat minor 7, D flat 7.
[SOUND] G minor 7, C7 and F and
then the turn around if you'd like to.
[MUSIC]
Or.
[MUSIC]
So it will sound like this.
[MUSIC]
There's another good thing.
You can start with F7 or
F7 sus or E flat 7 sus.
E flat 7 sus D flat 7 sus, E7 G sus and
then half a step down to B flat.
So.
[MUSIC]
You can move,
move these 2 5s around,
you can use the circles
of dominant chords.
[MUSIC]
That's a nice one too.
F7, B flat 7, E flat 7, A flat 7,
B flat 7, G flat 7, F7.
Try some substitution.
B7 and then B flat 7.
[MUSIC]
Jazz Basics,
Jazz Blues Chord Substitutions Part 2.
And you might be asking me how can I use
the, choose all these different chords,
what's the thought,
what's the theory behind it?
And the important thing in a blues
that it starts on the tonic chord.
And after four bars,
four bars you have sub dominant chord.
So, in between,
in between there, you can do,
you can do whatever you'd like actually.
As long as it starts here.
[MUSIC]
And then it's here.
And then it goes back.
And then you have like a, a tonic,
no, no a dominant chord at the end.
Leading, leading back to the,
to the tonic chord.
So like the basic blues,
if you have the first chord and
then after four bars and
the fifth bar you have this chord, and
then at the end before
going back you have the.
[MUSIC]
Some kind of dominant leading back and
the form is 12 bars, is in every blues.
So as you can see, I do.
[MUSIC]
Here I am on the sub dominant chord.
Here I do something else.
[MUSIC]
Hear it?
Here's a dominant leading back.
[MUSIC]
So you can try these different ones.
You can try them to play the chords.
And you can try to improvise.
Why not try to improvise over that
Charley Parker thing just without any
backing track?
[MUSIC]
Now try the other one.
[MUSIC]
This was the one circle of dominance.
And now the other one
the first one I showed.
[MUSIC]
With that turnaround.
[MUSIC]
Or
if you wanna do,
I did a different turnaround now,
this one is also interesting
subconsciously I did F7,
D flat 7, G sharp major 7, and B 7.
B flat, B 7,
that's not a good turn around.
[MUSIC]
But the one I was going
to do was F7, A flat 7.
[MUSIC]
B flat minor
[MUSIC]
And then, G flat, 7 back.
[MUSIC]
But this other one is really good too.
F7 D flat 7.
G flat minor 7.
And that's C7.
Or.
[MUSIC] Even. [MUSIC]
B7.
[MUSIC]
And then back.
[MUSIC]
Like that.
All right, I'm gonna play through
some of these chord substitutions for
F blues once again.
So here's the first one.
[MUSIC]
Here is the same one with a slightly
different ending,
[MUSIC]
With the other turnaround.
[MUSIC]
Now here's to Charlie Parker one.
[MUSIC]
And here's the circle of dominance.
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]