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Guitar Basics
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Jazz & More Guitar Lessons: Introduction to Modes

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Jazz Basics, An Introduction to Modes.
This is the Andreas Oberg Guitar Universe,
and
this is the introduction to jazz block.
And I'm gonna, is tell you a little
bit about some of the terms,
the terminology I'm using for,
for the next block.
Like I'm gonna speak a lot about modes,
for instance.
And some of you might not
know what a mode is, and
a mode is a specific scale,
a certain feel, a certain mood.
Like for instance,
if we're in the key of C,
if we have a C major chord and
this is the tonic chord.
This is the root.
We have, it's based on.
If you don't know the arpeggios,
before you start studying the jazz block,
you should really go back
to the guitar basics.
'Cause there's some stuff in there.
I'm showing you the basic arpeggios.
My A major 7, minor 7,
minor 7 flat 5, and 7.
And also the major scale so
you know the major scale before
you get into this block.
This is really important.
So you, I don't want you to miss,
miss anything before moving on,
you know, cuz we're going to more and
more advanced stuff even though
we're taking it one step at a time.
So in C major, if we're in the key
of C major, we've had C, E, G.
All right?
[MUSIC]
B, we have C major 7 chord.
And the, and if, and we would play
a C major scale over this chord.
[MUSIC]
C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C.
[MUSIC]
That mode is called Ionian.
[MUSIC]
So
these are the chord tones, C, E, G, and B.
[MUSIC]
And
then you can add these other
notes in the scale too.
[MUSIC]
For instance.
But if we start on the next for instance,
start on the next note of the scale.
Like on a D and we still in the key of C,
we will get, and we, we,
we picked a note from the actual C major
scale still 'cause that's a tonic chord.
We would get D.
We go to we would get F, A, and C.
And that's like a D B F, A,
C as this is a root,
minor 3rd, 5th and 7th.
[MUSIC]
And that's just a D minor 7th chord.
And that's, that way you will
know that the next step is
in the key of C is a D minor 7.
And that would be the next mode,
the next mood, the next feel.
[MUSIC]
'Cause that is a C major scale.
But starting from D, and
it has another chord.
[MUSIC]
And
it has another another other
notes that are important.
And in this, but with this chord,
these were the important notes.
But with this chord,
these are the important notes.
But the surrounding notes.
[MUSIC]
Is still in the key of can you use in the,
the voc, vocabulary of C major.
So.
[MUSIC]
Starting on D, ending on D.
If you, if you say why not just think
of it as C major, and start from C, and
playing a C major scale over this chord,
you will actually not get the right feel,
the right mode,
the right mood for this mode.
It will, wouldn't sound,
it would sound like C major.
[MUSIC]
And not sound like D minor.
[MUSIC]
That's here.
[MUSIC]
And this second mode is called Dorian.
And then you can do the same thing.
I'm gonna go through all of these,
and, during the lessons.
But this is just a little
pre-lesson just so
you will grasp the concept of the modes.
The net, if you will start on
the third step of the C major scale.
[MUSIC]
You would start on E, and
then if you would stack these 3rds
to try to get the arpeggio from,
from this vocabulary, vocabulary of notes,
C major, you will get.
[MUSIC]
There's E, G, B, and D.
This is a E minor 7 chord.
And in the key of C.
[MUSIC]
This, starting from E, using the.
[MUSIC]
This is called E phrygian, and that,
this is also a mode.
[MUSIC]
And
this to me sounds very different from
C major, because it isn't C major.
But it's the vocabulary of C major.
C major scale, but
you're starting on another note, and
other notes are important.
And I'm gonna go through this much more
specific during the actual lessons,
but I just wanted you to grasp
this idea first before moving on.
So just like, in the C major scale,
is like one, two,
three, four, five, six, seven.
Seven different modes.
And important thing is
to hear these modes.
I mean, learning the name and
learning the name of the scale.
It's just good to be able to explain
what you're doing to someone else.
But I also really think it's important
not to get stuck in just the scales.
To be able to hear what you're doing, and
to be able to improvise freely,
all over the guitar neck.
And, instead of getting stuck in, or
thinking about specific like scales,
or specific names of notes like flat 9,
sharp 9.
It's good to study.
But once you play, you should be free and,
and, and just hear them without
thinking to much about the names.
But it doesn't hurt to know both
theory and to have good ears.
I will try to bring you the best of
both worlds during these lessons.
[MUSIC]