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Jazz & More Guitar Lessons: Coltrane Changes and “Giant Steps”

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Jazz Advanced,
Coltrane Changes and "Giant Steps.
All right.
Some of you may have heard about
something called, Coltrane Changes,
and it's something that young
Coltrane introduced to jazz.
This was very common in classical music.
Back in the 19th,
at the end of the 19th century, to use.
[MUSIC]
To use three
different tonic chords, or four different
ones, if you're go in minor four thirds.
C minor, E flat minor, G flat minor,
and A minor, for instance.
There, you have a four tonic system.
The other one was a three tonic system.
So, what Coltrane did, when he thought
about like, a two five one in C.
D minor 7, G7.
[MUSIC].
And, C, 2 5 1 in C.
He studied, he took ideas from
a book called Syllabus of Scales and
Modes, or something like that by a,
by a Russian author and musician,
with a classical background.
It's a very, useful book.
You can find a lot of
interesting scales in that one.
But, instead of just thinking C major,
he also thought about some of these other.
[MUSIC]
E major and A flat major.
Because if you divide this octave
into three, even, even parts,
you will get E, E major as well,
and A flat major as well.
So, instead of doing one, two,
three, four, one, two, three, four,
one, two, three, four,
Coltrane did like this.
D minor,
E flat 7 which is dominant to A flat.
A flat though.
A flat major 7, then B flat 7,
which is dominant to E major 7,
and then G7, back to C.
So, instead of
[MUSIC],
we did.
[MUSIC].
D minor 7.
[MUSIC]
Like, that to play in or
out of these three keys.
C major.
A flat major and E major.
He took the chords out of
a song called Tune Up.
Where you have a lot of 2 5s.
It starts with the E minor 7,
A7, D major 7.
And, instead he did E minor 7,
F7, B flat major.
D flat 7, G flat major,
A flat A7, excuse me, D major 7.
So, same idea.
[MUSIC]
And then continued in D minor
[MUSIC]
And, so on.
But, the most famous song he did,
it was actually an exercise
of using these three
tonic centers in a song.
He did a song called Giant Steps,
that goes like this.
[MUSIC]
If I'm gonna play the melody too.
[MUSIC]
I can do it one octave up, like this.
S,o in this song Giant Steps,
you start with a B Major 7,
going into a D7,
G major 7, B flat 7,
and E flat major 7.
That's the first segment.
And, as you can see.
[SOUND] B.
[MUSIC]
E flat, and G are even intervals,
they're major thirds within an octave.
So, we have these three as tonic centers.
[MUSIC]
And then,
we just have dominance approaching them.
5, 5 7 dominance.
[MUSIC]
Then, A, he does a 2 5, A minor D7
leading into G,
starting over the same cycle.
But, from G major 7, B flat 7,
E flat major, F sharp 7, B major 7.
Then, just decide same,
same tonic centers, but just those 2 5 1s.
F major 7.
F minor 7, B flat 7, E flat major 7,
A minor 7, D7, G major 7, and
then C sharp minor 7, F sharp 7, B.
Major 7 and F minor 7, the E flat 7,
and the E flat major 7.
Then, it starts over.
[MUSIC]
Like that.
C sharp minor 7, F sharp 7.
So, this is a really difficult
song to improvise song on,
'cause you have to go through all
these keys, these three keys.
It's just, transposing, constantly.
[MUSIC]
Like that.
[MUSIC]