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Jazz & More Guitar Lessons: Circle of Dominant Chords

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Gypsy Guitar, Circle of Dominant Chords.
It's time to practice some chord changes.
And, a very typical chord
progression within jazz,
all styles of jazz is this 5,
7, circle of dominance,
a circle of dominant chords.
And it means that if you start in
this case, if you start from the E7.
[MUSIC]
The root goes down a 5th from E to A.
Down another 5th or up a 4th,
depending on how you look at it.
Then G7.
[MUSIC]
So,
[MUSIC]
E7, A7, D7.
[MUSIC]
Usually this is a bridge for, it's a very
usual progression to use as a bridge
in a song consisting of rhythm change.
So, but
here I'm just repeating the actual bridge.
[MUSIC]
I will show you a really simple
phrase that you can use.
And then we will make some variations and
move this phrase around.
And move it into other keys.
And super impose over
the original changes.
So we have F sharp, we have E.
Downstroke.
That I do is just to little.
[SOUND]
A little ornament there.
A little drill.
F sharp E, F sharp E,
F sharp E, like this.
D, B, G sharp,
E, E flat.
I do a pull off there.
Then another downstroke on the D.
So,
[MUSIC] Like this [MUSIC].
And then, I just move this phrase.
It starts on the 9th of E
[MUSIC].
So, I start it on the 9th of A.
[MUSIC]
When it's time for the A chord.
Starting on the 9th
of D, that is E.
[MUSIC]
Like that.
And then G, 9th of G.
[MUSIC]
It's A.
[MUSIC]
Same shape
[MUSIC]
So that's one option is to
do it like that.
It might sound a bit silly to use
the same phrase and move it around.
This is just an exercise.
I will show you the point
with this exercise.
The E7.
The next option what you can do is play
the tritone substitution.
So you can start inside on the E7.
[MUSIC]
Using that phrase, then on the next chord.
[SOUND] On the A7.
You can use the tritone substitution.
Now I've explained this before.
The Triton substitution is to replace
one dominant chord with another, and
this is like the flat 5 or the sharp 4.
So instead of A7, you have E flat 7.
So, if you're here
[MUSIC].
And instead of playing A7,
you can do the same phrase on E flat 7.
[MUSIC]
And there you have the starting on the F.
The ninth of E flat and then if you
want to return to play inside on the D,
D7
[MUSIC]
Just move down half a step.
So inside.
[MUSIC]
You go outside
[MUSIC]
Go inside
[MUSIC]
And the next chord G7.
You can use D flat as
a tritone substitution.
So then you start on the 9th of B flat.
So what you have is a chromatic line
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]
So that's option number two,
option number three is to start outside.
Instead of starting on E7, you start
on B flat 7 although the chords are E7.
[MUSIC]
You start on the 9th of the B flat,
which is C, and
play the exactly same phrase.
Just as an exercise.
[MUSIC]
OK?
Then you want to go inside.
[MUSIC]
You just move half a step down.
On A's.
[MUSIC]
Starting on the 9th of A.
[SOUND] And then you want to go out again.
Instead of D, you play A flat.
The tritone substitution and you do.
[MUSIC].
You start on the 9th of A flat.
And then back home into G inside.
[MUSIC]
So there you have the third variation.
[MUSIC]
B flat, A flat, B flat, A, A flat, G.
So now we have three different ones,
first one.
Second one.
[MUSIC]
Tritone.
[MUSIC]
Third one, starting with tritone.
Going inside.
[MUSIC] Outside.
[MUSIC]
Inside.
[MUSIC]
And
the fourth one will be to
do tritones all the way.
So, start on B flat.
[MUSIC]
Go to E flat.
[MUSIC]
A flat and
E flat.
[MUSIC]
So then it will be.
Instead of
[MUSIC]
It'll be
[MUSIC]
So now when you learn this silly little
phrase, and you're able to play this,
overall these ov,
over this,
this bridge with these chords, and
you can play all these
variations of this silly phrase.
Then you can start improvising,
making up your own phrases.
So will you start with the phrase,
similar to one I add.
Just transposing,
going through the circle of 5th,
starting inside,
going outside chromatically.
Tritone substitute tune.
Tritone substitution, inside.
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]
Another tritone.
Starting outside, and going in,
out tritone, A flat G.
Start out.
[MUSIC]
Out.
Tritone, just tritones all the time now.
[MUSIC]
Improvise freely.
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]