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Dobro Lessons: Expanding the Key of G: 2nd Position Minor Pentatonic

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[MUSIC]
We're gonna do something here that
hopefully is gonna really open up the neck
quite a bit for you.
When I figured this particular pattern out
that I'm gonna show you,
it really helped me a lot in understanding
the neck and
giving me a whole new place to play that I
had never tried before.
So what this is, is we're gonna do this in
the key of G and
a little bit in the key of D.
[SOUND] So, when we're playing in the key
of G.
Generally, we're thinking open position
down here.
[MUSIC]
Or maybe we're thinking up
here on the 12th fret.
[MUSIC]
So, there's a big space in there.
What do we do in between?
It seems like there's a big sort of gap,
maybe there in our knowledge.
[SOUND] So
there's a great place to play right in the
middle of the neck in the key of G.
And it's a pattern that can be used really
in any key and
I call it the x pattern, because it's
shaped just like an x.
[MUSIC]
So where it is like I say,
it's right in the middle of the neck and
if for
reference, just to get your bearings.
Let's go to the key of G and let's play
this [SOUND] string right here,
the top string, 5th fret.
[SOUND] Right.
[SOUND] And then let's play the 9th fret,
our major 3rd on the top string.
[SOUND] That major 3rd is our starting
place for the x pattern.
It's sorta like second position.
If first position is where you're playing
a root note, [SOUND] second position
would sorta be where you're focusing
starting on the 3rd, the major 3rd.
So this x pattern starts on that note, 9th
fret, top string.
[SOUND] And I'll just play it once for
you, so you can hear how it sounds.
[MUSIC]
That's going down, here's going back-up.
[MUSIC]
So it's the same on the top three strings
as it is on the lower three strings, we
remember that.
[MUSIC]
And what it is is just a little x.
So we play 9th on the top string, 7th.
[SOUND] And then 8th on the 2nd string.
That's sort of the crossing point of the
x.
[SOUND] Then down one more string to the
9th fret and then 7th.
[SOUND] So that's our little x there on
three strings.
[MUSIC]
That's all in G.
Where you got that same x on the lower
three strings.
[MUSIC]
So that little pattern right there,
gives us a whole another area to play in
the key of G.
And the nice thing is if we're doing it on
the top strings,
we can even add in some like open strings.
[MUSIC]
And
what we can do is we don't just have to
stay there,
we can use that as a connecting point from
our open position stuff.
[MUSIC]
And then up to this middle x pattern.
[MUSIC]
And then up to the 12th fret,
where we're familiar this is also G.
So with this x pattern, we get to connect
the two main areas that we already knew.
So, [SOUND] let's just practice that and
you can follow along with the, the music
that I have here, if you'd like.
We'll just try this x pattern, starting
low to high.
[MUSIC]
And
then back down.
[MUSIC]
So
there it is.
That's all there is to it.
Now, that's all closed position.
So the one thing we know about something
in closed position
is we can move it around.
So what we're going to do now is we're
gonna take that same x pattern and
we're gonna move it down and use it for
the key of D.
So how we find our x pattern is, let's
play a root note, [SOUND] D.
[SOUND] Whatever key we want to play in,
first we'll find the root and
then we'll go up on the highest string and
then we'll find the major 3rd.
[MUSIC]
So here's the key in D.
Here's our root note, open D.
We go up.
[SOUND] Four frets and there's the major
3rd.
So that's gonna be our starting place for
the x.
[MUSIC]
So we've got the exact same pattern,
just on a lower string.
Now this is in D.
[MUSIC]
Remember, our 7th fret, D position.
[SOUND] So now, we've opened up D quite a
bit.
[MUSIC]
Now, one thing you may notice
is that the crux of this x in D [SOUND]
right there.
That's the the 5th string of the 3rd fret,
that's the middle of the x.
[SOUND] That's also, that's just a D note.
[SOUND] So we've got that open right
there.
So instead of playing this all closed.
[MUSIC]
What this really is is the D major
pentatonic that we had talked about in
another lesson, so
we can play that with the open strings
like this.
[MUSIC]
So, that D major pentatonic is
really just the x pattern.
But in D, we get to use an open string.
[MUSIC]
And that can connect up to our D there.
So we can do that really in any key.
[MUSIC]
Lets try one more key just to sort of
get this point totally across.
[SOUND] Let's try F.
I know we haven't played much in F yet,
but
this'll just be a nice example of how you
can use this x pattern to expand any key.
[SOUND] So, F is on the 10th fret.
Just go ahead and strum that, 10th fret
major.
[SOUND] So what we wanna do is we wanna
find our root F note and
then go up to the major 3rd.
Now, we're already pretty high on the
neck,
so we probably don't wanna go up to find
the root note.
We probably wanna go down.
[SOUND] So what we'll do is we'll find our
root note here on the 3rd fret.
[SOUND] Highest string and the 4th string.
[SOUND] There's F.
Go up to the major 3rd, 4 frets.
[SOUND] And that's the beginning of our F.
So from there, we've got the pattern.
[MUSIC]
And we can go back-up.
[MUSIC]
So, you know, you'll find,
[SOUND] a lot of times when you go to a
key say, something like F,
you feel a little stuck right on that one
bar chord.
[SOUND] You're like where else would I
play in F.
This is the perfect way to do that.
[MUSIC]
And
you don't just have to play it as a scale,
you can,
what I encourage you to do is experiment
in different ways using this x.
Do different patterns.
[MUSIC]
You then you can go up to your bar core,
but now it sounds, the bar core it sounds
a lot more interesting,
cuz you got this other stuff going on.
So, I call that just sort of the x
pattern.
You can move it all around and I encourage
you to experiment a little bit with that.
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]
Well, let's talk a little bit about
another way to play G minor pentatonic.
So we talked a little bit about
the major pentatonic in sorta the middle
of the fret board.
Let's see what we can do with the minor
there.
So,
[MUSIC]
we know we've got G minor down here,
that's pretty easy.
[MUSIC]
And we know we've got some up here on
the 12th fret as well.
[MUSIC]
So what will we do
in between to connect those two?
Well, there's a pretty simple pattern
right here.
[MUSIC]
So that's a really nice G minor pentatonic
pattern, right in the middle of the
fretboard.
So,
[MUSIC]
to find that, go to your root note,
which is gonna be G right here on the
fifth fret.
And go up to the minor third which is just
three frets.
[MUSIC]
And sometimes I'll hit a root note as
a reference to keep the tonal sort of
geography in my head.
[MUSIC]
Okay, G minor sound, so then
[MUSIC]
that's where this pattern starts.
And the way it is is, it's [SOUND] the
eighth fret there on the high string,
[SOUND] seventh fret on the highest
string,
[SOUND] eighth fret on the second string,
[SOUND] sixth fret on the second string.
[MUSIC]
Seventh fret on the third string.
[MUSIC]
Fifth fret on the third string.
[MUSIC]
Eighth fret on the fourth string.
[MUSIC]
Eighth fret on the fifth string.
And that's kinda where it ends, but
you can continue down,
[MUSIC]
like, to there,
to the seventh fret on the lowest string.
[MUSIC]
Sixth fret.
[SOUND] Eighth fret.
So, going up it looks like this.
[MUSIC]
So that little pattern
right there is gonna give you
a little bit extra in the key of G minor.
And what you can do is use that as a
connector between your open
position stuff.
[MUSIC]
And your 12th position stuff.
So if I'm playing low here and I wanna get
up high,
I can use this middle pattern of G minor
pentatonic as a connector.
[MUSIC]
So it gives you this whole section
in the middle of the neck that you maybe
weren't aware of as being a great place to
play G minor.
[MUSIC]