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Piano Lessons: Scale Technique

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Scale Technique.
So learning how to play your scales is
really important as a piano player
because scales are found in every piece
that you'll ever play.
If you already know all of your scales,
and all of your keys.
Then learning new pieces, and sight
reading new pieces, and
memorizing pieces become so much easier.
Now when you learn scales, and even in the
players muscular,
we learn them at a slow speed.
Which is really great.
Because you wanna make sure that your han
pos, hand position is correct.
So let's talk about first, how our thumb
Cuz thumb is the most important finger
when we're playing scales.
The thumb makes the scale tricky.
Cuz we either have to cross over the thumb
or put the thumb under our fingers.
And to be able to play a scale quickly,
that thumb can't get in the way.
And that thumb is what gets in the way to
make our wrist wobble up and
down or makes a bump in the scale.
So let's look at the thumb and make sure
that's in the correct position.
So with the left hand,
the most tricky thing is when the thumb is
crossing under the fingers.
So we learned in Habits that the,
the thumb has to cross under as soon as
the second finger plays.
So in left hand it's when you're going
down the keyboard.
So you'll notice and see how my thumb is
already gone under my hand and
is ready to play it's next key.
So you don't want it to wait too late.
And then when, the way you go under is
also important.
So, we don't want to come out and around
here, right?
We don't want to come up and then back
You don't want to twist your wrist to do
Everything stays very still.
There's a thumb prep exercise in Habits
that's really useful to keep doing even as
you're in Players.
It can go a little faster and, and work
into the scale that you're playing.
So I'll show you the thumb prep exercise,
for example, in G-major scale.
So what I'm going to do is, going down in
the left hand,
I'm going to stop on every second finger
and cross my thumb under so.
And wait till I'm touching the key.
In right hand,
that same thumb prep exercise would look
like this.
It's going to be going up, cuz that's when
our thumb is crossing under, so.
Stop on my two.
Stop on my two.
A good way to warm up with every scale.
The other part of crossing in scales is
with your second finger crossing over.
So we'll show that in the right hand
And it's when your right hand's coming
down the keyboard.
To get that second finger ready so
you're not just thinking about your third
always thinking of where your second
finger's going.
So the way that you do the prep exercise
second finger is you stop on every thumb.
So in let's do it in F-major.
So I'm gonna start at the top,.
Stop on my thumb,
see how I'm prepared on my second finger?
So I'm not over here, but I'm already
getting my second finger ready to play.
Stop on my thumb.
Stop on my thumb.
And for
left hand it will be coming up the
keyboard so.
Stop on thumb.
Stop on thumb.
Stop on thumb.
So when I'm practicing my scales I warm up
a couple of ways I do first a high loud.
So I'll do in A-major we'll do muscle
So lifting my fingers high and loud,
muscle builders.
then I'll go through each hand doing both
preps combined.
So right hand.
Thumb prep.
Just doing it kinda fast.
Stop on thumb.
Now we'll take some
practice to get it that fast correctly,
but now you can see where you're going.
Left hand,.
Stop thumb
And then the last thing we need to talk
about with good scale technique is what I
call wrist leading.
So you might have noticed that when my
right hand's going up the keyboard,
the wrist is flat.
And when it's coming down the keyboard,
the wrist has kinda risen up.
And it's because my thumb has gone from
being kinda flat on the keys to playing
right on the corner.
And the reason for that is simply because
of that crossover.
It's easier to cross over when your
thumb's a little higher.
So, with your wrist leading, I'll show you
in the key of, D-major.
You're ri, right hand will go from low.
To high.
So it's making a circle.
And then the left hand, the left hand is,
the wrist is gonna start high.
And go down to low.
That also helps your thumb cross under
when you're low like that to have a nice
flat thumb going straight under.
as you practice that and get it as a habit
in your hands,
you're gonna find that it's easier to play
your scales evenly.
And as fast as they have to go in your
And you'll have fabulous scales.
So watch all those elements as you