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Piano Lessons: Cadence Explanation

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[MUSIC]
Five One Cadence.
That's also called an authentic cadence
and we start playing that in Players Four.
So a cadence is basically, you can think
of it as kind of a way to end a sentence.
Or a phrase in musical terms.
So, it's composed of two chords and in
this case
we're learning an authenticated, which is
a five chord going to a one chord.
So here's the theory behind it.
I'll kind of give you the longer
explanation and
give you kind of the short cut.
But the more you understand the theory
behind it,
the more it will make sense to you.
And you'll be able to use it a lot better
and recognize it in your music and
also be able to improv with it and things
like that.
So if in every key.
[MUSIC]
We'll take the key of D Major since
that's one of your level four keys.
In the scale each note is associated with
a number.
So.
[MUSIC]
The first note in, in D is one.
E would be two, F sharp three, four, five,
six, seven, and then we're back to one.
So there are seven notes in each key.
Now, if you, you can build a triad on
every single one of those notes.
So we've talked about what a triad is.
You've been playing those in your position
and inversions.
So here's, this would be called a one
chord,
because I'm building it with my root being
the first.
So this is a one chord.
[MUSIC]
This is a two chord, I'm just gonna use
the F Sharp and C Sharp, cause that's what
we find in D Major.
So one chord, two chord, three chord,
four chord, five chord, six chord, seven
chord.
And back to a one chord.
So we can make a, a triad on every single
scale degree, every single number.
So here's my one chord.
And then if I go up to a five and make a
triad here, here's my five chord.
So if I play a five chord, back to a one
chord, that's called an authentic cadence.
Now this is a lot of jumping around,
right?
So if we look at these two chords more
carefully,
we see that they have in common, do you
see what note they have in common?
That's right they both have an A.
So instead of jumping up to make my five
chord up here,
I'm just going to keep this A here.
It's called a common tone, cuz they have
those two tones in common.
I'm keep that tone here and I'm going to
take this C-sharp and the E.
And find them in a closer place, so here
they are, here.
You see?
So, here's my one chord, my five chord,
and now, I'm back to my one chord.
So, here's my authentic cadence.
[MUSIC].
And this would be considered in root
position because this first chord is in
root position.
So, that's the long-winded explanation.
The shortcut version is, any major triad,
if you started from a position,
to make that authenticated, you take your
bottom note, and you
move it down a half step, and your middle
note, and you move it down a whole step.
And there's your authentic, there's your
five chord.
[MUSIC].
Now your left-hand has a couple of
options.
It can either do the chord, do here
right-hand, or
it can do what we call a single note bass,
and you can just play the scale degrees.
So you can just play a five, and then
back-down to the one, so you can do.
[MUSIC]
Did you like that sound better?
Or?
[MUSIC]
So
I will demonstrate doing the full chord.
[MUSIC]
But if you wanna take out the full chord
and just do, do the single note beats,
that's fine.
[MUSIC]
Let's show you in a minor key.
[MUSIC]
The principle is the same, so
here's my one chord, here's my five chord.
Now the reason I'm using still the C-sharp
is because in minor we always are going
to take the harmonic form.
And in harmonic form.
[MUSIC]
We have that raised seventh,
which affects our five chord.
So the five chord is the same in major or
minor.
Just the one chord changes, from a major
chord to a minor chord.
So my authentic cadence, in minor.
[MUSIC]
And
it's just the one chord, the five chord,
back to the one.
So, the short cut way.
The bottom note still moves down, just a
half step.
But, in the minor, the middle note also
just moves down a half step to find it.
[MUSIC]
And
you'll be doing these cadences at the end
of your root position in inversion triads,
so you'll go through and do your root
position.
[MUSIC]
Cadence.
So you'll see me demonstrate that on your
new keys in, in players four.
If you can't figure out some of these
older keys that we've done before
because I won't be doing the demo on
those, just give me a video and,
or send me an email and I'll be happy to
post.
[MUSIC]