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Jazz Guitar Lessons: Introduction to Constructing Scales

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Introduction to Constructing Scales.
Alright.
We're gonna talk a little bit about scales
and yeah, a little bit more theory.
But, be aware that the theory
that we're talking about is gonna
come in very usefully later.
In improvising, and
that's the only reason I'm doing it.
I certainly don't cherish the thought
of just talking about scales and
arpeggios and chords and
notes and intervals.
But, it really is the language we're gonna
need to communicate, so that we can all
become better and
great jazz guitar impro, improvisers.
So scale construction we talked
a little bit before about.
The intervallic makeup of a major scale.
It's an important thing to know.
Because when we start to alter it,
you'll be able to refer back to this and
know when I say, okay we're gonna make
it a flat at 6, or not a flat at 6.
Major 6 or minor 7.
You're gonna know what I'm talking
about in relation to the major scale.
Everything we're talking about is in,
is relative to the major scale.
So let's, let's do it in in the key of G.
Arbitrarily this time.
And we use the position number 1.
[MUSIC]
Just for
a little different take on things.
So as we talked before about the
intervallic makeup of, of a major scale,
I just wanna go through it one more time.
It is made up of whole steps and
half steps.
So you have, first one's a whole step,
between G and A, in this case.
So that's
[MUSIC]
one, two is whole step.
From two to three
[MUSIC]
is another whole step.
So we've got whole step, whole step.
[MUSIC]
Next one is a half step,
between the third and the fourth.
[MUSIC]
Between the fourth and
the fifth
[MUSIC]
another whole step.
Between the fifth and the sixth.
[MUSIC]
Another whole step between the sixth and
the seventh
[MUSIC].
Another whole step and
then between the seventh
[MUSIC]
and the octave is a half step.
So what that ends up being is
[MUSIC]
whole
step,
[MUSIC]
ha, whole
step,
[MUSIC]
half step,
[MUSIC] whole step,
[MUSIC]
whole
step,
[MUSIC]
whole step, [MUSIC] half step.
Whole-step, whole-step, half-step.
Whole-step, whole-step,
whole-step, half-step.
So that is our,
our basic scale construction.
And I'm getting into this now because
my next topic will be minor scales.
And the first thing we're gonna do
is alter one of the those intervals.
The very first time, and it's gonna
create, instead of a major scale,
a minor scale.
So,
[MUSIC]
when we get to that 3rd, you guessed it,
we're gonna lower it.
It's gonna make it a minor scale.
So as we alter these things,
you'll have this concept that
I just discussed to refer to.
When I say okay we're gonna lower this or
raise this, we're also always referring
to the, back to the major scale.
So let's get into the the minor scales.
[MUSIC]