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Jazz Guitar Lessons: Constructing Scales: Dorian

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Constructing Scales: Dorian- Analysis.
Okay, we're gonna talk
about the next minor scale.
The next minor scale,
I'm kinda stealing from the modes.
We're gonna get into the modes
in greater detail, later on.
I'm sure everybody's heard
about the famous modes.
But for now,
we're just gonna focus on one of them.
Because it's a minor scale
that is quite used in jazz.
And so I wanna pick it apart from the rest
of the modes and focus on it here.
It's Dorian.
It's based on the second
degree of the major scale.
And again, I don't wanna get too
much into the into the, you know,
the modal theory right now,
but just for a basic thing.
The, the modes are made by
taking a major scale and
starting them on different points and, and
playing two octaves from that point or
an octave from that point up.
Sounds complicated, but here,
here's a C major scale.
[MUSIC]
If you take that same scale and
start it from the second note, the D,
[MUSIC]
That's, that's the Dorian mode.
It's a little, little confusing,
we'll talk more about that,
but for now I wanna really do it just
simply as a, a minor scale related back
to the construction that I
explained about the major scale.
So we're not gonna be thinking of it as
a mode, but as a minor scale right now.
Okay, now so relative to the major scale
construction let's look at it that way.
D Dorian as related to D Major.
So here's D Major
[MUSIC]
Now we know it's gonna be a minor mode, so
we have to lower the 3rd, so
the next, just lower the 3rd,
you'll remember what's a melodic minor.
[MUSIC]
But now we're gonna lower one other note.
We're gonna lower the 7th
degree to a minor 7.
So now we're lowering from the major
scale the 3rd and the 7th.
[MUSIC]
And that gives it a very different sound.
[MUSIC]
Now check it out.
Here's the difference.
Major.
[MUSIC]
Melodic minor.
[MUSIC]
Dorian.
[MUSIC]
Subtle little difference.
But it's a big difference.
So, I'm gonna play through
very slowly the Dorian scale.
We're gonna do this in D this time.
And I'm gonna do in do in
Dorian scale in each of
the six positions that we discussed.
First I'll show you the major position.
Then I'll switch it to Dorian.
Here's D major.
All the way up on the 10th fret.
[MUSIC]
So now I'll play the Dorian
mode in this same position.
And I will point out verbally when I
get to the notes that are altered,
which are the 3rd and the 7th.
Here we go.
Minor 3rd, minor 7th, minor 3rd,
minor 7th, and now it's descend.
Minor 7th, minor 3rd,
minor 7th, minor 3rd.
I had a little flutter in there somewhere,
but you get, you get the idea.
I'll do it one more time slowly.
No talking this time.
[MUSIC]
Descending.
[MUSIC]
So that's the Dorian
mode in that position.
Now, I'm gonna do it in the second
position with my second finger,
right there on the same fret.
[MUSIC]
Minor 3rd, minor 7th,
minor 3rd, minor 7th.
Minor 7th, minor 3rd,
minor 7th, minor 3rd.
And one thing you might wanna do is if you
have the diagram of the major scale and
the diagram of the Dorian scale you
can look at them side by side and
maybe with the, with, with,
in your mind's eye, just see,
see where that difference is,
or if you can print it out and
put it on a piece of paper,
put a red dot on the 3rd and the 7th.
So you can really point out to yourself
where you have to move your fingers and
make the alteration.
Now, starting from this same
note on the 6th string but
now starting with my pinkie
in the 3rd position.
Same thing.
Dorian mode.
Minor 3rd.
Minor 7th.
Minor 3rd.
Minor 7th.
Minor 7th.
Minor 3rd.
Minor 7th.
Minor 3rd.
[MUSIC]
And that was position 3.
Position 4 now,
we're gonna jump to the 5th string, and
the D down here on the,
on the 5th fret on the this string, okay.
Minor 3rd.
Minor 7th.
Minor 3rd.
Minor 7th.
And you see I did a shift in this one and
now descending.
Minor 7th.
Minor 3rd.
Minor 7th.
Minor 3rd, right.
Okay now we're gonna do it on the fifth
string with the second finger.
This is the one that doesn't go up a full
two octaves, so I'll go down below it.
You know, this is the 5th position.
[MUSIC]
Minor 3rd.
Minor 7th.
Minor 3rd.
[MUSIC]
Minor 3rd.
Minor 7th.
Minor 3rd.
Minor 7th.
Minor 7th, and 1.
And the last one starts on
the same D on the 5th fret, but
this time with the pinky.
I wanna point out again.
We will get into improvising with this and
these positions are really gonna help
you when you need to find the notes
in different parts of the guitar.
So that's why we're doing this, so
you can take it and blow some cool solos.
Okay, here, here we go,
this is the pinky position,
the 6th position on the fifth string.
Minor 3rd.
Minor 7th.
[MUSIC]
7th.
Minor 3rd.
Minor 7th.
Minor 3rd.
Minor 7th again.
And that's it.
[MUSIC]
So now let's get into playing with this
mode a little bit and
we should have some fun with it.
[MUSIC]