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Jazz Guitar Lessons: Constructing Scales: Harmonic Minor

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Constructing Scales: Harmonic Minor.
Okay.
Now we're gonna get into
the last of the minor scales.
And this is the weirdest one.
It's a little odd.
The other scales talk
about it behind it's back.
This is I kinda call it the snake
charmer scale because it sounds
a little bit like a raja.
This one, actually has one less note,
altered, but it's, than the,
than the previous one.
So we're not adding another altered note,
we're actually gonna add back
in a note from the major scale.
We're gonna lower the third of course,
gotta be a minor scale,
it's gotta be lowered, right?
We're gonna lower the six like
we did in the last one, but
we're gonna raise back up to seven.
Now what this does is, it, it,
it adds a unique character to this
scale that none of the others has,
which is there's interval in it.
It's not really a step.
Scales are always made
out of steps you know?
The major scale is whole step, whole step,
half step, whole step, whole step,
half step this one
actually has a third jump.
But remember I said there was like
sometimes when, when you would you know,
have, have semantics where one
thing would be called something.
In in, in an interval that maybe
would be called one name and
then called another name.
Well in this case we have actually
what you would call an augmented 2nd,
right, because we don't wanna call it
a 3rd 'cause you wanna keep it a scale.
Now this sounds kinda confusing,
but it's just kind of a fun fact.
When you play this scale, it's gonna have,
first let's play the major scale.
I'm gonna do it in the key of C sharp
because sometimes I like to do things in
keys that aren't like C or A or E or, you
know, regular guitar keys to try to get,
push guys to play in different keys
that they don't normally play in.
So we're gonna do it in the C sharp or
D flat, and
the position that I'm going to do in,
is going to start on the first position.
[MUSIC].
Right?
[MUSIC].
That's the major scale.
The 3rd is lower, for the,
to make it minor, right?
And the 4th and the 5th stay the same.
The six is lowered just like the natural
minor which we just finished.
[MUSIC].
Right, but then we get to the seventh
degree and that's raised back up.
[MUSIC].
To, to the same as it
is in the major scale.
It's a, it's a major 7th.
So that's where you get that
sort of like raja sound.
[MUSIC].
Right, it's got a little bit, makes
you wanna go like this with your head.
[MUSIC].
Don't go like this.
This you know, but can't play that way.
Anyway.
[MUSIC].
It's got that kind of an odd sound.
And that interval between the lowered 6.
The, the minor 6.
And the, the normal major 7th of
a major scale, is actually a 3rd.
It's not a 2nd.
We're gonna call it a 2nd though
because we've gotta keep it as a scale.
So it's gonna be an augmented 2nd, so
you can tell your friends you can trade
intervals with your friends and
for points.
[MUSIC].
[LAUGH] So anyway that's,
that's gonna be the scale that we're gonna
be using now and it's, believe it or not,
it is used in improvising jazz and we will
definitely get into, I'll, I'll point out.
There's one particular harmonic
progression, a chord progression,
that uses this scale to very good effect,
which we'll get into later.
But it's not gonna have a play along
because it's not something you would do
like a whole extended improvisation on it.
And it would be used in spurts
inside of another chord progression.
But let's learn it anyway.
Here we go.
I'll point out the characteristic
notes as we get to them.
This is the first position with the first
finger on C sharp on the low E string.
[MUSIC].
Minor 3rd.
[MUSIC].
Minor 6th.
[MUSIC].
Raised, or normal,
I should say, 7th, okay?
Let me do that again.
Minor 3rd, minor 6th, regular 7th, and 1.
And then I'll continue up.
Minor 3rd, minor 6th,
normal 7th, 1.
[SOUND] Interesting tone,
now I'll do it without talking.
[MUSIC].
Now, let's go down and do it on the this,
starting with the second
finger on the sixth string.
[MUSIC].
[MUSIC]
Pinky
on the sixth
string.
[MUSIC].
Now we're gonna move down to the fifth
string and start with the first finger.
Major scale there,
remember is, hold the shift.
So now we're gonna go minor 3rd,
minor 6th, regular 7th,
minor 3rd, minor 6th,
regular 7th, and descending.
Regular 7th, minor 6th, regular 7th,
and then here's that 3rd.
Augmented 2nd but
really a 3rd to this flat 6.
And then without talking.
[MUSIC].
[SOUND] Remind me, I have to feed
my cobra when I'm done with this.
Then second finger on
the fifth string.
I'm gonna turn around there this.
Just not two octaves here.
[MUSIC]
And the last one is
the pinky on the fifth string,
which if I do it right here.
I'm gonna have to use, an open string.
[MUSIC]
In
several places.
I'd have to use open strings, so
I'm gonna go all the way up here.
[SOUND] And do it up here so
we can do it in the closed position,
that way you can slide it
to any fret you need to.
[MUSIC].
And that is your harmonic minor scale.
[MUSIC]