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Jazz Guitar Lessons: Constructing Scales: Pentatonic

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Constructing Scales: Pentatonic.
Hey guys.
We're gonna take a look
at the pentatonic scale,
which you might know as the blues scale.
We're gonna look at it
a little bit differently than,
than you normally look at it.
We know it's a five note scale,
it's a pentatonic scale.
We're actually gonna do a,
a five note pentatonic scale, and
a six note pentatonic scale,
which doesn't make any sense.
We'll call that the blues scale.
But the thing I wanna do is I just wanna,
I wanna relate it back to our major
scale positions, believe it or not.
It's very far from the major scale, so
we're not gonna worry too much
about what note gets altered, but
position wise it's gonna be based
on those same six positions,
'cause most often guitarists know
the pentatonic or blues scale.
[MUSIC]
In, in that basic one position.
But, my concept of know your neck and
knowing the geography of the guitar
pertains even to blues and to blues
scales into almost everything we do.
So I want you to know,
everything in as many places and
as many positions as you can.
So you you really have your GPS ready for
this instrument.
And, to be able to improvise
well in the jazz guitar world.
So the other aspect of this is,
to realize that,
sometimes maybe people think well jazz.
There's jazz and there's blues.
But jazz really comes out of the blues,
and
the blues scale is very widely
used inside of jazz improvisation.
It's not just for blues and so,
it's an important one to know and
include in our vocabulary
as we move forward.
So we're just gonna look at on the six
positions of, of the pentatonic.
And, and then six positions of the blues
scale, where I add the flatted 5ths or
sharp, sharp 4th.
So the first one again, starting with the
first finger on the, on the sixth string.
Now this time on A,
on the, on the fifth fret.
[MUSIC].
So that's the major scale in that key,
in the key of A, right?
The pentatonic scale is very far from that
scale, but we can look for the notes.
In this minor key,
in that array of numbers that I gave you.
Okay, so it's [SOUND] one, two,
three, four, five, six, seven, eight.
Right?
The 3rd is flatted, [SOUND] so we go.
[MUSIC]
We're gonna skip the second altogether,
because it doesn't exist in this scale.
4 is there, so that's the same.
5 is there and that's the same.
[MUSIC]
And then the 7th degree is
usually a major 7th in, in a major scale.
In this case, it's a, it's a flat 7th,
just like it was in the Dorian.
And the natural minor scale, right.
So we're gonna have the 1,
flat 3, 4, 5, flat 7, 1.
Let's continue up from
there in the second octave.
Flat 3, 4, 5, those are the same,
flat 7, and 1.
Okay, so let me go through that slowly.
[MUSIC]
And
descending.
[MUSIC]
Okay.
So that's, that, in, in that position,
I'm just gonna go through this same
thing in the other six positions.
The next one starts with our second finger
on the same A on the low E string, okay?
And the major scale in that case is this.
[MUSIC]
It's good review every time I do that in
case you wanna play along with me there.
You know,
it's good review to keep reviewing,
the six positions of the major scale.
You can never get enough of that.
So gotta make it a flat 3.
4 is from the same position as before.
5, too, and then the major 7th
would be here, but now it's here.
Flat 7th.
[MUSIC]
And then flat 3, 4 in the same place.
5 in the same place.
Flat 7 and 1.
You may not be used to playing
a pentatonic scale like that.
But it comes in handy.
[MUSIC]
I like this one,
because it makes you stretch in a,
in a, in a cool way.
It's nice.
The next one I'm gonna do is,
is from the pinky on the sixth string.
Now here's the major scale.
[MUSIC]
And
the same thing.
Up to the flat 3.
We skip the 2nd always,
'cause it's a pentatonic scale.
Only five notes.
[MUSIC]
4 in the same place as always.
5 as well.
Flat 7th, instead of, instead of
[MUSIC]
instead of that note, move down a step.
Flat 7 and 1.
Flat 3 again.
4 is before.
5 is before.
Flat 7 and 1.
And then slowly.
[MUSIC]
And now we're
gonna move up to the to
the three positions that
occur on the fifth string.
Starting with the first finger,
this is the major scale.
[SOUND] And
then we'll pick out the notes we need.
3rd
[MUSIC]
flat 3rd, right, minor
[MUSIC]
4, 5, flat 7, flat 3,
4, 5, flat 7, 1.
And then slowly play the scale.
[MUSIC]
A little
shifting here.
[MUSIC]
Next one,
middle finger on the fifth string.
[MUSIC]
That's a major scale.
[MUSIC]
Flat 3, 4, 5, flat 7,
[MUSIC]
flat 3, 4, 5, 4.
Flat 3, 1, flat 7, flat 3, 1, flat 7,
5, 4, and
again you notice I went down below
the octave to pick up
the full two octave range.
Last one is with the pinky and
same thing on the fifth string.
Major scale is this.
[MUSIC]
And then we
got the scale.
[MUSIC]
Flat 3, 4, 5, flat 7, 1.
Flat 3, 4, 5.
[MUSIC]
Flat 3.
[MUSIC]
Flat 7, 5, 4, flat 3.
Then going below the octave, flat 7,
5, 4, flat 3, 4, 5, flat 7, 1.
And without the speaking.
[MUSIC]
And
just a quick
review of all,
all six of those.
[MUSIC]
That's
your
pentatonic
scale.
[MUSIC]