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Jazz Guitar Lessons: Constructing Scales: Whole Tone, Diminished & Chromatic

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Construction Scales: Whole Tone,
Diminished & Chromatic.
So now we're gonna look at three unique
scales that don't have all six positions.
One of them has more than the other two,
but they're kind of specialty scales,
and, and for a unique kind of use.
But they're very, very good for developing
finger dexterity and I'd like to,
even though we may not, may not use
them a lot for improvising right away.
They might come in more as we get into
the more advanced improvising concepts.
Let's learn them now, so
that we can add them to our warmup.
The first one is the Whole Tone Scale.
It, it is exactly what, what it says.
You play only whole tones and
so what that means is you get,
[SOUND] you get kind of a spooky sound.
A lot of times people will think of
it as like when somebody's having a,
kind of a flash back or a dream in their,
in their movie, you know?
[MUSIC]
Like falling back in time.
It's kinda of a funny scale.
But it does get used occasionally,
so I'll just show you the,
the way that I have played it.
Hold it, wherever you start it.
[MUSIC]
It's kind of the same
the rest of the way.
Now, if I start that with my
second finger, all it really is,
is the same as the first
one starting a step later.
[MUSIC]
So, if you follow what I mean,
no matter if I tell you, okay,
start with your first finger on
the sixth string or the fifth string.
It's the same fingering once you start.
So you can learn this one position.
[SOUND] And you can practice
starting it in different places.
[MUSIC]
And that's the Whole Tone Scale I'll
do it real slow, so
you can play along with me once.
It's a tricky one.
[MUSIC]
By the way,
a quick aside on that,
that often can be played
with an augmented [SOUND] chord.
[SOUND] We'll get into more
of those details later, but
it's just a little thing to think about.
The next one we'll talk about is
diminished scale as the whole tone was,
was based on a certain interval,
the whole tone interval.
The diminished scale is also based
on a certain sequence of intervals.
Actually, two intervals.
It's a whole step and a half step.
Whole step, half step,
whole step plus a half step.
And the whole scale is made up of that,
that pattern.
Right?
And it creates a very interesting sound,
here it is.
[MUSIC]
It's cool.
It goes through the diminished chord.
[MUSIC]
We're gonna talk about
diminished chords later more.
They're very useful in jazz improv.
And and so is the diminished scale.
Now this is the only scale that
that we're gonna study here,
that actually has more
notes than the major scale.
The major scale has 7 notes and
then it repeats on the 8th.
This one repeats on the 9th.
So there's eight tones before you
get to the repeat of the root.
So it's [SOUND] two, three, four,
five, six, seven, eight, nine.
So, it's an eight note scale, and to get
back to the root it's actually nine notes.
So and, that's the diminished scale.
And now let me do it in two octaves and
I'll do it nice and slow, so
you can play along.
[MUSIC]
One more
time even
slower.
[MUSIC]
That's
diminished
scale.
And then I just wanna review something
we started with a long time ago when we
were doing our guitar yoga exercises,
which is the chromatic scale.
And I only really use one chromatic
scale and that is one where you start,
you start down on the E, but you have to,
have to shift up in the middle.
But let's start on A [SOUND] and
this is the one
where it goes back
a thread each time except
the B string, so
this is it kind of sped up.
[MUSIC]
Right?
Now what I said about E is if
you wanna do an E starting here,
[SOUND] you kinda have
to shift up to the A.
[MUSIC]
And then it's the same.
After that, it's the same.
So let's do that nice and slow,
so you can play along with me.
[SOUND] Back a fret.
[SOUND] Back a fret.
[SOUND] Back a fret.
[SOUND] Same fret.
[SOUND] Back a fret again.
[SOUND] And then descend.
[SOUND] Stay on the same fret here.
[SOUND] Move up a fret.
[SOUND] Up a fret.
[SOUND] Up a fret for the last one.
[MUSIC]
That's
every note in
existence.
[MUSIC]