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Jazz Guitar Lessons: Modes: Phrygian

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Modes: Phrygian Analysis.
Okay let's get into the Phrygian mode.
It's kind of a mysterious sounding mode.
It starts on the third degree,
all right, of the scale
[MUSIC].
So, C scale
[MUSIC].
Started from the E,
the third degree
[MUSIC].
Got quite a distinctive sound,
I like this one.
And let's do the one that starts
up here on the 12th fret.
[MUSIC].
Now, the phrygian mode has
a characteristic sort of
you might say Spanish sound, because it
starts off with a flatted second degree.
Now remember,
we're coming from the C major scale but
when I talk about a flatted second degree,
I'm actually comparing it to
the major scale starting on E rather
than the C scale starting on E.
It's a little confusing I know but
I just wanna reiterate.
That when I talk about the characteristic
sound, the characteristic color of a mode,
I'm comparing it to what it would be
like if it was a regular major scale,
or even another kind of minor scale.
So, it is also a minor scale,
because the 3rd
[MUSIC]
is f, is a flat 3rd.
It's not
[MUSIC].
Right?
And the first,
very first step is a half step,
because you're going from the E to the F,
okay?
So that gives it a very
strong characteristic
sound
[MUSIC]
it almost sounds like a Flamenco or
Spanish sound right away,
just by doing that.
And if we compare it to E major
[MUSIC]
it's very different, right?
Because the first step
[MUSIC]
would be a whole step,
would be a major 3rd
[MUSIC]
and that's where the difference would end
because then the next
[MUSIC]
the 4th and the 5th stay the same.
That's the case in all
the modes except one.
And then the six degree is also lowered
[MUSIC]
whereas in a major
scale
[MUSIC]
would be that.
[MUSIC]
It's a half step.
[MUSIC]
And the seventh degree is also lowered.
So everything's altered,
everything's lowered here, except for
the fourth and the fifth, so we have
[MUSIC].
So that's the, the C scale
[MUSIC]
starting from E.
[MUSIC]
Going to E.
And if we compare it.
To the E major scale, okay,
just for comparison only
[MUSIC]
quite different.
What a different sound, right?
[MUSIC].
I just wanna do that because
it sounds kinda Spanish.
So the color is a dark
kind of moody color,
very nice, warm and romantic.
And the chord sequence if we
were to go up the chords from
E
[MUSIC]
because there's that half step,
the next chord
[MUSIC]
is actually a major 7 chord.
E minor 7 to F major 7,
just play that a few times
[MUSIC].
Try it in different
positions
[MUSIC].
Now, another thing to make it even sound
more phrygian in a way, more, you know,
in that, that real characteristic color
sometimes we use something called a pedal.
A pedal means when you keep one base note,
and maybe change chords on top of it.
You might have a series of chords,
and someone would say,
well let's do it over a,
a, D pedal, or a G pedal.
What that means is the bass tone, is gonna
stay the same for an eight-block phrase,
or a 16-block phrase, and
the chords are gonna change above it.
That's called a, a,
a bass pedal, or a pedal.
So, I would like to try this over a pedal,
over an E pedal
[MUSIC].
Okay, so
what that means is I'm gonna just let that
E ring change the chords on top of it.
Let's hear how that
sounds
[MUSIC].
See it even has more of that tension that,
that romantic tension
of that Spanish sound.
Let's try leaving both E strings open,
the low and the high,
and see how that sounds.
[MUSIC].
It's very rich sounding, right?
And you can even go down here and
play like,
take an F major 7
[MUSIC]
right, an F major 7 in root position down
here the old way we all learned
it in the beginning, right?
And let's make it,
make it a little more exotic and lift up
[MUSIC].
Even the, the first finger,
just use these two notes
[MUSIC].
And play that over E
[MUSIC].
That's phrygian sound,
like an F major 7 over E,
and you can move that around like E minor
[MUSIC]
F
major
[MUSIC]
G
[MUSIC].
Move around like the, the chord,
the diatonic chords
[MUSIC].
Right, remember that's that sequence
[MUSIC].
But now we're starting
it on the third degree
[MUSIC].
And moving in between the first three,
back and forth
[MUSIC].
Okay, so that's the phrygian sounds very,
very strong.
And you see that even
though we're just using
the notes of the C major scale,
[MUSIC]
we're starting it from E,
[MUSIC]
sounds very phrygian.
[MUSIC]
Okay, now let's take a shot with
the play along track on this.
I have a beautiful piece that Brian Dunn
laid down a great Latin groove,
and John Patitucci and
Andy Esrongave us a really nice moody
vamp on that sort of E, E pedal.
As I mentioned, pedal with it F and
F major 7 G, tonality moving on top of it.
And it's, it's a lot of fun to play with.
I'll try to play it through as many
of the positions on the guitar
using the Phrygian mode as I can.
So let's give it a try.
Fun with Phrygian.
Here we go.
[MUSIC]
Another
position
[MUSIC]
Another
position
[MUSIC]
That's
the pinky
on the C
[MUSIC]
One more.
[MUSIC]
Another position
[MUSIC]
Up here in the pinky position.
[MUSIC]
Let's do some Spanish
kind of twirls and thrills.
[MUSIC]
We're
a little
out of
the scale
there.
[MUSIC]
So there's, there's
a nice example you
can play along with me.
Please take that play along track and
do your own thing on it.
And have a lot of fun with it,
it's a really moody piece.
You saw I went out, I played an F-sharp.
Bad chuck.
Anyway, have fun with Phrygian and
let's move on to the next one, Lydian.