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Jazz Guitar Lessons: Interval Ear Training

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Interval Ear Training, Part 1.
Let's move on to recognizing and
using ear training in
related to intervals.
It's a, it's a pretty important one.
Especially when we start listening to
jazz guitarists on, on record and on CD.
And we wanna try to transcribe, maybe
learn a lick or two, or even a whole solo.
Knowing the intervals is
really gonna help for
you to pull those licks off of a,
off of a solo.
I've done quite a bit of that in my life.
I used to do a lot of transcribing and
I really recommend that.
It's the ultimate ear training test.
So I, I'm gonna start pretty simple.
We're just gonna do, each interval,
go up the scale, and I'm gonna play it.
We're gonna talk about each one.
And I'm gonna try and give you an example
of how to remember the sound of each one.
So let's start with the basic half step,
right?
So I'm in the key of let's do it in
the key of C so it's like a piano.
So we're gonna start with C and
the first half step is one, one step up,
one fret up, to D flat.
And, mm, [LAUGH] it sounds funny you
can just hear there's no space
in between those two notes.
So, for me it's a very easy thing to
remember, but if you'd like to remember
it, via some piece of music, I always
think of it like in a, scary movie where,
I, I don't know whether it was Jaws or
something where you hear this sound.
[MUSIC].
A little sneaky.
[MUSIC].
And that reminds me.
Oh, that's a half step.
And I love to use tricks like that.
And you'll see I have a bunch of them.
The next one is one step up from that.
It's a whole step.
[MUSIC].
Okay.
[MUSIC].
From C to D.
Again, let, it's kind of,
there's a lot of ways
to remember that one.
The easiest way that I always tell
people is it's the first two notes of
Doe, a Deer.
[MUSIC].
So.
[MUSIC].
So if your mind,
automatically [SOUND] you'll.
[MUSIC].
And that's a very basic building block of
music, so it's good to recognize that one.
[MUSIC].
Okay, it's also the first
few notes of a major scale,
you might just hear it that way.
[MUSIC].
So whatever song or whatever little
musical cliche you can think of
to remember your interval, use your own,
I'm just suggesting these.
Next one is a minor 3rd.
[MUSIC].
Minor 3rd for me,
I just hear, I hear it so
clearly I don't really
think of a song but, I,
I always tell people to try to
think of the song Greensleeves.
[MUSIC].
So that, that reminds me of that interval.
I think that's the right note.
[LAUGH] And but again,
you can also just hear it as.
[MUSIC].
I'm trying to think if there's
a rock song that has that interval.
If I do, I'll come back to it.
The next one is the major 3rd.
There's a fun one for me to remember that.
And that's the Stevie Wonder
song Sir Duke.
[MUSIC].
So the first interval is [SOUND].
It goes straight up the C chord.
[MUSIC]
So when I hear that,
oh that's the beginning of
Sir Duke that's a major 3rd.
So that's a, a way I remember that.
In perfect 4th,
[MUSIC]
that's a very pure tone.
[MUSIC]
And
it reminds me of the very pure
ceremony of getting married.
[MUSIC]
So
I always think of that
as here comes the bride.
[MUSIC]
And that reminds me, as soon as I hear
[MUSIC].
Duh, duh.
So you can use that if you like or
if you find another one
you can use another one.
[MUSIC]
Interval Ear Training Part 2.
The next interval is kind of
a dissonant and tense interval.
We've talked about it before and it's
[MUSIC].
The tritone, the, the sharp 4 or flat 5.
It's very strong interval,
it's got a very strong sound.
[MUSIC].
And because I'm an older guy,
I remember this,
the old show and movie, West Side Story.
And there was this song in that,
that was called Maria.
Beautiful song by Leonard Bernstein.
And it starts like this
[MUSIC]
and that was, the lyrics were Maria
[MUSIC].
And so
[MUSIC]
it jumps out to me, that song,
whenever I hear that.
However, there's a great rock 'n'
roll reference for that interval,
which is the beginning of Purple Haze.
[MUSIC]
That's made out of
[MUSIC]
two augmented 4ths, or diminish 5ths.
[MUSIC].
So, either one that reminds
you of that interval.
Use it as a recognition tool.
Next one is the perfect 5th.
Again, a very pure sound.
You can hear it
[MUSIC].
Very open, sounds pastoral to me.
And the way I recognize this one is from a
TV commercial but you'll recognize it in,
in another context probably.
Is the trumpet sound that they
use to to introduce the king.
There was a commercial
when I was a kid that had,
I think it was butter was fit for a king.
And they used to have
a trumpet call like this
[MUSIC],
it's like a hunting call or a,
a regal entrance.
But that sound hearkens that for me.
[MUSIC]
Fit for a king.
But there's other things that you can do.
[MUSIC]
I wanna go back to the 4th again.
There was another one for
that that I thought was cool.
[MUSIC]
The Jeopardy theme.
That has 4th and a 5th in it.
So that's the 5th.
Next one is a minor 6th.
[MUSIC]
I'm gonna introduce this song called
Morning of the Carnival.
It's a old Bossa Nova song,
The Day in the Life of a Fool.
It goes like this.
[MUSIC]
First of all that's the interval.
[MUSIC]
It's a minor sound,
and it sounds like this
[MUSIC].
So the first interval is very strong.
[MUSIC].
I think there's a song,
I think it might be
Love Story too that has, that's a
[MUSIC]
So those are the ones that,
that I recognized the minor 6th with.
Again, you can find your own.
I'm sure there's plenty.
And send them in to me.
I'd love to get new ones, so
please provide, for any of the intervals,
please provide me with some new ones.
Ha, the next one is real easy for me.
It's the major 6th.
[MUSIC].
It's a very bright and beautiful interval.
They're all beautiful.
I love em all, and this one is if
you're a TV watcher like I am,
this is the beginning of the NBC chime.
[MUSIC]
So every time I hear that,
I wanna finish it like that.
So that's, that's how I remember that,
but there's again,
other ways that you might
be able to remember it.
So that's C to A
[MUSIC].
Major 6th.
Minor 7th.
I'm gonna go back to West Side Story for
this.
[MUSIC]
So, it's kind of a, a yearning sound.
There is a lot of tension in that sound.
7th, there's a wide
distance between the first
note
[MUSIC]
and the second one.
And for me, I remember a song There's A
Place for Us also from West Side Story.
[MUSIC]
That's the one I remember.
[MUSIC]
Again if you find one
I could use another one for that one.
Let me know.
The major 7th.
[MUSIC]
It's a very dissonant interval.
[MUSIC]
It's like the tritone.
[MUSIC]
Very strong pulling.
The pull here
[MUSIC].
Right?
One's it takes me up a notch.
[MUSIC]
Honestly, I don't really think of a song
for this one,
'cause it's such a strong sound.
[MUSIC]
Of, of a pull there,
that I just recognize it.
But please send an example and
if you find one.
But I always think of.
[MUSIC]
Somewhere over the rainbow,
the second interval in that song.
[MUSIC]
Somewhere over the rainbow.
So it's not the actual interval,
that's the second note of
the song that's the interval.
But I kind of hear it when I hear that.
So those are my examples of way to,
ways to recognize the intervals.
Now, what I'd like you to do is
the same exercise as before, and
record a bunch of these.
And we will also provide kind of
a library of little ear training
tools on the site that you can
also download and check out.
And use.
But make your own.
I think it's a really good thing.
And also, don't be afraid when you get to,
you can make a game out of it with your
friends, bet a pizza or something.
Who does better on the interval
recognition, or the chord recognition.
And do a bunch of them.
Do fifty of them.
And see if you can recognize
which intervals which, it's a,
it's an important thing.
And we'll get into using that to
transcribe cool jazz solos soon.
[MUSIC]