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Jazz Guitar Lessons: Constructing Arpeggios: Major & Minor

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Constructing Arpeggios: Major & Minor.
Okay we're gonna take the same
concept of working off
the major scale positions to
discover kind of figure out and
the number system as I mentioned
before to figure out arpeggios.
Arpeggios are a huge part of jazz
improvisation, a very important part.
So I don't want,
I wanna really make sure I get into pretty
great detail with you on this subject.
What are arpeggios?
That's the first thing to know.
If we're talking about theory,
we have to know what the word means.
Arpeggio is very simple.
Most of you probably know this already.
It's where you, where you have a chord.
But instead of playing it as a chord,
[MUSIC]
you play it as individual notes.
[MUSIC]
Right?
So that was an A major chord
[MUSIC]
and then I play each note in the A major
chord as a, as a single note
[MUSIC].
That's an arpeggio.
So you're just taking the chord and
stretching it across the guitar,
it's easy to visualize on the piano.
If you can think of the piano and
you have the the middle C here.
And the C major scales look
all the white keys from C
to C in the middle of the piano.
Well if you skip every note.
Every other note it goes C,
skip D, and go to E, skip F, and
go to G, skip A, and go to B,
you get the A, the C major 7 Arpeggio.
So it's very easy to
visualize on the piano.
The guitar, not as easy to visualize.
But I'm gonna help you to visualize it.
Now I was spelling out a, 7th chord,
but just to make sure we have
every base covered, we're gonna start,
in this case, with triads.
Just three note chords.
The, you know, we know them on guitars,
C, E, A, D, G.
Those chords.
Or as bar chords.
In this case,
we're just gonna go through basic triadic,
we call them triadic arpeggios of,
of the basic chords.
The first one is major, right, and we're,
we're gonna do them in every position.
Again, I'm going to hearken back
to my major scale positions.
[MUSIC]
That one, of course,
is, I'm doing it in A again.
That, of course, is starting with the A on
the first finger on the 6th string, right?
And the major arpeggio, just for
like this kind of a chord.
[MUSIC]
Right?
The notes in that chord are, remember,
we're skipping every other note.
We're not, not gonna include the 7th.
We're only gonna go up to the 5th.
So if I skip every note,
I skip the 2nd, go right to the 3rd.
Skip the 4th and go right to the 5th,
I have my triad.
And then I repeat that in a 2nd octave.
[MUSIC]
Skip the 2nd.
3rd.
Skip the 4th.
[MUSIC]
5th.
And then I'll hit the last bit,
the last route on top to finalize it.
[MUSIC].
Okay, so that's with the first finger.
Second finger, same thing.
[MUSIC]
That's our scale, right.
And then I want to go through the 3rd,
count on up.
Up to the 5th, back to the one,
up to the 5th,
that's, 3rd, then up to the 5th,
and then to the 1.
So then, leaving the,
the ones in between out, I get this.
[MUSIC].
And it's pretty simple.
Let's go to the next one
[MUSIC]
1-3-5,
1-3-5, 1
[MUSIC]
1-5-3, 1.
Without talking.
[MUSIC]
I wanna point out right here
that triads do come in
handy in improvising, too.
It's not for
nothing that we're learning this.
Okay.
Up to the fifth string first
finger all the way up here.
[MUSIC]
And we're going to do this scale.
[MUSIC]
And here we go.
[MUSIC]
Remember that one has to shift up
a little bit, so
we get the full two octaves.
The next two don't have
the full two octaves.
And the,
the first of those starts with the first,
the second finger on the fifth string.
[SOUND].
[MUSIC]
The scale again.
[MUSIC]
And the arpeggio.
[MUSIC]
And the last one's with the pinky
again on the fifth string.
[MUSIC]
And now the arpeggio.
[MUSIC]
Now that was the,
the major.
Now again remember when we alter
to find the different versions of
of scales when we're doing minor scales,
to make it minor.
What did we do?
Lower the 3rd, of course, lower the 3rd.
Makes it
[MUSIC],
instead of happy, sad.
So, here we go, minor now.
So, every time I get to the 3rd,
I'm gonna lower it, right?
[MUSIC]
And then with the second finger,
the major was like this.
Now it's gonna be minor.
Gotta stretch back to get
that minor 3rd there.
[MUSIC]
The pinky one,
major one was like this.
Now it's gonna be, right.
[MUSIC]
And you notice when I have three,
three notes in the same
fret I kind of roll,
roll my finger across like that.
[MUSIC].
[MUSIC]
That occurs quite a,
quite a bit in these arpeggios.
So you can practice that on your own.
Then we're gonna move up here.
Remember the major one was like this.
[MUSIC].
This time, it's with a minor 3rd.
[MUSIC]
Second
finger.
Instead of major.
Minor.
[MUSIC].
And then with the pinky.
[MUSIC]