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Jazz Guitar Lessons: The Major Scale in Arpeggios

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The Major Scale in Arpeggios.
Okay, I'm gonna combine
two things into one here.
I'm gona give you a little
bit of a theory concept and
combine it with the physical aspect of
how to, how to play it because I think.
Playing it will help us to
understand the theory even better.
Gonna go back for a minute to the piano.
Imagine this C area of the piano,
mi, middle C.
And the C major scale being all
the white keys going from the middle
C up to the next one.
I told you that if you skipped every
other note, you get the arpeggios and
that's how we introduced
ourselves into arpeggios.
Starting from the C,
you got a C major 7th chord.
But, what happens if you start on one
of the other 8 white keys in that key?
That's what we're gonna look at now.
Turns out that there are pattern,
there is a pattern of chords
that are naturally derived from
simply skipping a note,
beginning on each note of the scale.
Let me explain the C, C, E, G,
and B and I'll just do that here.
[MUSIC]
Right creates a major 7th chord
naturally as I pointed out before.
If I go up to the D and do the same
thing and skip every other not.
So that means D and
then I skip the E in the, in the C scale.
And go to the F.
Skip the G and go to the A.
Skip the B and go to the C.
I get a minor 7th chord.
Just naturally occurs that way.
[MUSIC]
So, you get
major 7th on the C.
Minor 7th on the D.
Now, remember,
I like to use the number system.
So that means the one chord,
C is one, is major 7th.
The two chord is automatically
a minor 7th chord.
So you can see where we're heading,
2 minor seven, the 2-5-1.
We're kinda heading in that direction.
But let's continue up the scale, so if I
go up to the third degree of the scale E,
imagine it on the piano, and you can even
look at the keyboard if you have one.
E, I'm gonna skip the F and go to the G.
Skip the A, go to the B.
Skipping over each time.
And skip the C and go to the D, I get.
A minor 7th chord again E, G, B, D.
It's a minor 7.
So we get major 7.
[MUSIC]
Minor 7.
[MUSIC]
Another minor 7th.
[MUSIC]
So we're beginning to get our pattern of
what the,
7th chords are in the major scale, okay?
Go one, one step higher.
Remember there's only a half step
to the next note, so E to F.
And now let's skip a note.
So,
[MUSIC]
we skip the G and go to A.
The piano, kind of imagine it there.
I'm going to skip the B and go to a C.
[MUSIC]
All right?
[MUSIC]
That's a major triad.
And then I'm going to skip the D and
go to the E above our octave.
[MUSIC]
Okay, and you get a major 7th chord.
[MUSIC]
So, the 4 chord, is a major 7 chord.
And just to review,
one is a major 7, two is a minor 7.
Three is also a minor 7.
And then we have our next
major 7 with the 4 chord.
Major 7, minor 7, minor 7, major 7.
The next one, we get an interesting chord.
From the G, we get our first
naturally occurring dominant chord.
Yay!
[LAUGH] And it is a very important one,
it's the 5 chord.
It's the one that leads us back to one.
And, just like in the sound of music song.
So.
We're gonna, we're gonna look
at the intervals on the piano.
The G, skip the A and go to the B,
skip the C and go to the D.
And then, skip the E and go to the F.
Remember there's only a half
step between the E and the F.
So, you get a minor, you get minor
7th degree, interval, interval.
[MUSIC]
Between.
The G and the F up there.
So, you get dominant 7th.
So, add that to our series,
one major 7, two minor 7,
three minor 7, four was a major 7,
and our new dominant 7.
[MUSIC]
The 5 chord.
[MUSIC]
All right?
Going onto the next one, the 6th that's A.
Sometimes called the relative
minor of a major key.
I gave it away, it's a minor cord.
So let's skip, let's do the skip and
we'll do it on guitar
instead of piano this time.
Heres, here's the A.
Skip the B and go to the C.
Skip the D and go to the E.
Skip the F and go to the G.
[MUSIC]
Minor 7.
[MUSIC]
Then we, this go over it again.
Review it again.
1 major 7, 2 minor 7.
3 minor 7.
1 major 7.
Our dominant 7.
Our 3rd minor 7, into 6.
And we're almost there.
The next one is the 7th degree.
It's the last one and
it's way up high on the piano above it,
but you could also move it down to the
note right below middle C if you want to
visualize it better.
But you have B.
Skip the C and go to a D.
[MUSIC]
Skip the E and go to an F.
[MUSIC] Right. Skip the G and go to an A.
[MUSIC]
And
you get the first naturally
occurring minor 7th, flat 5 chord.
Now, it makes sense why I was telling
you how to play that chord and
what we're doing the 7th chord voicings,
because it's a naturally.
Occurring chord in the diatonic,
what we call the diatonic chord system,
made up of the chords of the major scale,
if you build a chord above each root.
So, it's a very important chord, and, and
you may be, kind of getting into it for
the first time now, but
pay attention to it.
So, here it is.
[MUSIC]
So now, let's review the whole series
starting with the 1 chord,
which is a major 7.
Please play along with me as I do this.
The 2 chord is a minor 7.
[MUSIC]
The 3 chord
is another minor 7.
The 4 chord is a major 7.
[MUSIC]
The 5 chord is a dominant 7.
[MUSIC]
We get another
minor 7 with the 6 chord.
And the 7 chord is minor 7 flat 5.
[MUSIC]
Okay, so
those are our 7th chords.
Now, you've noticed that I,
I played them as arpeggios at this point,
because I wanna do just really
see how they're constructed.
I urge you to do what I just
did in all our six positions.
It's a very, very good exercise, you know?
[MUSIC]
take it, move them
around all the positions.
Do it out of time.
Do it without a metronome at first.
You could spend literally a week just
doing, getting the fingering for each one.
The, there should be diagrams of it all.
That you can use.
So, go through it and really learn it.
It's gonna really exercise your
fingers in a cool way to and
once you have it under your fingers.
Turn that metronome on and,
and do that as an exercise.
It's a really good one.
[MUSIC]