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Fiddle Lessons: Pentatonics

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[MUSIC]
Hey,
here's a little more about pentatonic
scales.
Pentatonic meaning five, right?
You've probably heard about these.
They are five note scales.
One of the most common scales, in the
world, you hear this stuff all over.
In Asian music and Middle Eastern music,
all across the globe, people are playing a
scale that,
that has five notes in it, and usually,
the notes that we agree on,
that are in the pentatonic scale if we
look at the key of G,
for instance G major pentatonic would
consist of G.
[MUSIC].
[MUSIC]
The two,
which would be an A note in this case, the
three.
[MUSIC]
And then we skip that four.
We jump up to the five.
[MUSIC]
And then the sixth.
[MUSIC]
And then, that's five, no,
it's right there.
[MUSIC]
If we wanna complete the cycle,
we go back up to the one, the G.
So, whether it sounds like it's.
[MUSIC]
Right?
[MUSIC]
Let's just play that.
[MUSIC]
Back down.
[MUSIC]
We can take this all
the way up two octaves, and G.
[MUSIC]
You'll notice that,
like we do I stayed in first position, but
I went up as far as I could.
I didn't end up at a G, I ended up at the
B, right?
Because that's, as far, as that particular
scale is gonna go, in first position.
And it's always good to practice any of
your scales,
down to the lowest note in, on the
instrument.
And then, if you're gonna stay in one
position,
just practice to the highest note in that
position.
So, that's what we get.
[MUSIC]
Ideally and ultimately,
you're gonna want to be able to play that
scale without thinking about it.
[MUSIC]
Like that.
It's a G major pentatonic.
If you want to, you know, play it in
another key, also, what would we do?
We can do it in, let's do it in A.
[MUSIC]
Right?
Still, all relationships are the same.
1, 2, 3, 5, 6,1.
That's our magic formula for the
pentatonic.
1, 2, 3, 5, 6,1.
So, we 1, 2, 3, 5, 6,1.
[MUSIC]
Right?
Different fingering, same relationships,
same numbers,
which is why I love to use the numbers,
because it makes things, so much simpler.
If we did it in B it would be the same
thing.
1, 2, 3, 5, 6 ,2 ,3, 4.
[MUSIC]
It's kind of a stretch there,
with that fourth finger to get that major
third.
[MUSIC]
All right, s,
we've looked at the major pentatonic.
[MUSIC]
Which is very handy for
getting around in the key of G, for fiddle
tunes.
When you start improvising.
[MUSIC]
It's
a great scale to quickly get around, and
just stay in a key.
Now, here's an interesting thing.
What happens, if I play the same exact
scale in G.
[MUSIC]
But, I start and end, on the E note.
[MUSIC]
All of the sudden, it becomes a minor
pentatonic.
[MUSIC]
Well, there, we're in major again.
[MUSIC]
There in minor.
[MUSIC]
Now, now we're happy again.
[MUSIC]
So, the idea that there are two keys,
you know, in every key, G, for instance,
G major and E minor, that are very closely
related,
through the pentatonic scale.
That works in every key, you know G has E,
E has G, G major, E minor.
We can just take that all the way up.
D for instance, D.
[MUSIC]
D has B,
so D major is very connected to B minor.
You can take it all the way up, A, A
major.
[MUSIC]
A has F sharp minor.
So, each key, either, you have these
diads, these two pairs of keys,
major and minor, that are connected, and
that's kind of a nice thing.
So, there are lot of tunes that go back
and
forth between their connected major and
minor.
[MUSIC]
Keys.
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]
So,
there are a lot of tunes that go back and
forth between their connected major and
minor keys.
And, one of them is this wonderful tune
called Hi Dad in the Morning, and
it goes back and forth between, G major,.
[MUSIC]
and E minor.
[MUSIC]
So,
let's assume that we have practiced our G
major panatonic.
[MUSIC]
That we have put a couple of sequences in.
[MUSIC]
Well
there's plenty of tunes that use the
scale.
I'm gonna teach you one now called High
Dad in the Morning which I
learned from a Kenny Baker record.
And this actually goes back and forth
between kind of a minor feel and
a major feel, but it's all the same notes.
It starts down here.
[MUSIC]
So let's look at that again.
That's the whole first part, the A part.
One, two, one, two, go.
[MUSIC]
Alright.
Second part, it's got a little pickup on
it.
[MUSIC]
So this,
[MUSIC].
One, two, three.
[MUSIC]
That's the one, right there.
One, two, three.
[MUSIC]
So that's the second part.
It goes from the G to the D, right?
And then it adds, it adds a little.
[MUSIC]
that kind of sound which is very
reminiscent, very characteristic [SOUND]
playing.
He loves those [SOUND] seventh chords, and
that's, like a D Seventh.
The third part, starting way down at the
bottom.
[MUSIC]
With a nice double-stop.
[MUSIC]
You can also play a single stop or just.
[MUSIC]
So playing your fourth finger,
you're gonna use your fourth finger no
matter what.
But you could play it with open E string.
[MUSIC]
And then to the D.
[MUSIC]
Or you could play the E and
the G together.
[MUSIC]
And then the D and the F-sharp together.
[MUSIC]
So, again.
[MUSIC]
We have that little pick up.
[MUSIC]
And
then fourth finger again with the open A.
[MUSIC]
All right I'm just gonna play High Dad in
the Morning through for you.
And [SOUND] you'll just a kind of a slow
tempo.
So you can, I'll count it off.
One, two, one, two, three.
[MUSIC]
So that's Hi Dad in the Morning.
[MUSIC]