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Fiddle Lessons: The G Scale

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[MUSIC]
All right, welcome to the G scale.
And we are here to learn how to play that
scale.
We're gonna be introducing a bunch of
scales here, and this is a great way.
To organize our thinking, musically on
this instrument.
So we're gonna start with one of the
easiest scales to play, on the instrument.
We're gonna do it in two octaves, and
octave you can probably, kn, you probably
know that an octave has.
Eight notes, right, because of oct meaning
eight.
So that means we're going to play, the
bottom four,
eight notes of the G-scale, which start on
the open G string.
Now you'll notice, that I have one more
string than most violins right now.
I'm playing a five string violin.
So just try to ignore, this bottom string
for right now.
It's connected to this little peg monster
here.
This scary, scary.
But we're not gonna be using that to day.
We're gonna start on, the G string.
So on your instrument, most likely.
That's gonna be the bottom string.
There's not gonna be any other strings
below that,
that or to the left of that string.
So, we're gonna start with the bottom four
notes.
And this, the way we play this scale, is
part of a family of scales.
That you're see, are gonna be consistent
in, in different parts of the instruments.
We're gonna see a lot of finger shapes,
in all these scales that are gonna be,
start to become very familiar to you.
So, what we are gonna have here, we're
gonna play the bottom four, notes
of the G scale which is also known as a
tetra chord, tTetra meaning four.
So the bottom four note.
Goes like this, we're gonna start with our
open string, the G.
And then we're gonna play,
the A note which is a whole step above.
G.
[MUSIC]
So you go.
And then you first finger.
[MUSIC]
Play the A note, and
then we can play another close step.
So there's a space.
You can see that space, between the two
fingers, and that's a whole step.
[MUSIC]
Then we're
gonna play, a B note
[MUSIC]
Right?
And then we're gonna play a half step, to
get to the C note.
And a half step means, that we're gonna
put our third finger,
close to our second finger.
[MUSIC]
Like that.
All right.
So we've played our first four notes.
Here, let's do it one more time.
[MUSIC]
I want you to do it now.
Get your instrument.
Great.
Now let's do it together.
Ready, set, go.
[MUSIC]
Great.
I'm sure you did it excellently, and if
you didn't, you can rewind,
we'll do it again.
All right.
So
let's play the top four, notes of the G
scale.
Now, what's great about this particular
place that we're playing the G scale,
is that the top four notes, are gonna be
symmetric to the bottom four notes,
meaning that the fingers, even though I'm
gonna be playing on the D string,
which is the next highest string.
[MUSIC]
Right?
My fingers are gonna be in the exact same
places relative to each other.
So, we have again, open string, a D.
[MUSIC]
Then we have a whole step.
[MUSIC]
To the first.
Again, a space, a whole step to the F
sharp.
[MUSIC]
And then our goal note, the G,
the next, the, the octave.
[MUSIC]
Which is, again, you can see,
it's a half step between.
The two fingers.
So we have again the top four notes.
Play it with me, D
[MUSIC]
Here comes the E.
[MUSIC]
And the F-sharp whole step.
[MUSIC]
And then the last note.
Half-step, G.
[MUSIC]
Great,
so, we have just played our G scale,
in pieces, bottom tetrachord to the top
tetrachord.
Let's go down, let's go from that G.
[MUSIC]
To the F sharp.
Half step.
[MUSIC]
Down to the E.
[MUSIC]
Down to the D.
Open string.
[MUSIC]
Then we're gonna switch strings.
Here we go.
Putting our third finger on the C.
[MUSIC]
And then the B note.
[MUSIC]
Half staff and then A note
[MUSIC]
Down to the open string G.
[MUSIC]
So, we have this semantic thing,
we can play both strings at once
[MUSIC]
We would have.
A Roman trumpet flourish.
But we'd also have, both tetrachords of
the scale at once.
And sometimes, we're gonna be able to do
that in later lessons.
But it's kinda fun.
And it's sorta points up the idea that,
that these, this the bottom half and
the top half of the scale are symmetrical
to each other.
Now, let's play one more time.
The G scale on those bottom two strings.
Starting on the open G.
Here we go.
Play it with me.
One, two, three, go.
[MUSIC]
Two, three, four.
A.
Two, three.
Say the names if you can.
B getting ready to go to C, that half
step.
Two, three, four, here comes the D.
Open string right?
And then E.
Another whole step to the F sharp.
[MUSIC]
And then, the half step to the G.
[MUSIC]
Now, even the greatest
violinists play these scales slow like
this.
Start out their day, long tones, because
we're not only,
as to reestablishing the position of our
fingers but, we are and
getting used to that because there are no,
frets or anything like that.
We have to do it ourselves, make our own
frets, but
we are also practicing, our long tones
with a smooth bow and
just, getting comfortable with using the
whole bow.
And keeping that good.
Hand position.
[MUSIC]