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Fiddle Lessons: The D Scale

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[MUSIC]
Hello.
And welcome to our second scale in the
series here.
We're gonna explore, the D scale, here,
which is a very fun scale on the fiddle.
And you'll know that you'll discover that
many,
many fiddle tunes are in the key of D
because, as we say, it's an open key,
meaning that we can use a lot of open
strings, and so you can get sounds like.
[MUSIC]
All
those fiddly sounds, you know, happen
really well in the key of D.
So, this is a good key.
Now.
I'm just gonna play it for you.
And you'll notice some slight differences
between the way I play this,
scale and the G scale.
[MUSIC]
So we're gonna start on the D note.
Luckily, we have an open D string.
Right in the, right there.
[MUSIC]
All right, so I did not just play a simple
D scale.
I went up, as far as I could, in first
position.
In, still in the D scale, playing those D
notes in the D scale.
And then I went down below the D.
Also, still playing the D scale.
So that is another way, to practice these
scales.
So, I want you to do that at some point.
Maybe not immediately.
But that is definitely something, that we
wanna think about.
The, the D scale, even though
[MUSIC]
It's defined by the D notes here.
[MUSIC]
And here.
If we wanted to go higher, we'd have to go
into another position to get.
All the way to D, but we still have notes
on the D-scale on the E-string.
[MUSIC]
And on the G-string.
[MUSIC]
Right?
So, we wanna make use of those, notes at
some point, but
let's just concentrate on that one octave
of the D-scale that we can do.
So here we go we're gonna start on the
open D
[MUSIC]
And then we're gonna play,
a whole step above the D with our first
finger, just like the G scale.
[MUSIC]
And then again we have a whole step,
so we have a high two.
[MUSIC]
And then we have our half step.
Between the two and the third finger.
So I'm gonna put the, the third finger
pretty close,
real close to the 2nd finger.
And then we have the open string, the open
A.
We're moving to the top tetra chord.
Remember we talked about tetra chords in
the G scale.
[MUSIC]
All right, so we have that top tetra cord,
which again if we go back and play that G
scale all
of those finger spacings are exactly the
same.
Is the D scale, except just on a different
string.
So if we, we just start on the D note and
[MUSIC]
And we just play the same finger spacings,
same fingerings, and we get a D scale.
[MUSIC]
Let's play it together.
Start on the D.
Here we go.
One, two, three, four.
Four beats per note.
[MUSIC]
Two, three, four.
Two three four, two three four,
here comes the G, and A.
Here comes the B, there's the C sharp.
[MUSIC]
And finally the D.
Let's go down, since we're here.
D again, and then go down, C Sharp, down
to B.
Open string coming up.
Time to switch strings.
Here we go, to the G.
[MUSIC]
And then.
The E.
Now you'll notice that I've not been using
my fourth finger at all.
And we're just saving our fourth finger.
Remember, we're at the beginning.
Eventually, I'm gonna want you to be
doing:
[MUSIC]
Use that fourth finger.
Now the fourth finger in first position
generally, in these kind of keys,
these open keys that I was talking about.
Stand in.
[MUSIC]
And we use our fourth finger.
It happens to correspond with the note on
the next string up.
The open string.
Right?
[MUSIC]
There's my fourth finger note.
And here's the open string.
[MUSIC]
If I'm doing it right,
it should be the same note.
[MUSIC]
So, that fourth finger is gonna come in
very handy when we're playing in non-open
keys or if we're up in a position.
[MUSIC]
Right?
[MUSIC]
Where we can't use an open string.
It's very useful.
But for right now I think it's enough just
to get your first three fingers working.
So.
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]
One,
let's do this one more time a little
faster.
So I'm gonna make three beats per note,
here we go, one, two, D,
[MUSIC]
and, two, three.
There's
[MUSIC]
There's the G.
Coming up on A.
Switch, B.
Gonna play D again.
Now i'm back down.
Top tetra chord.
That's the top four notes.
Here's the bottom tetra chord.
[MUSIC]
G.
[MUSIC]
Again,
this is a kind of, the kind of scale,
there's a whole class of these kind of
scales where the top tetra chord is
symmetrical to the bottom.
Four notes.
Tetrachord meaning four notes.
As we've learned back in the G scale.
[MUSIC]
At exactly the same spacing.
Same fingering.
Now I was talking about the other parts of
the scale.
Let's go up as far as we can.
And stay, but stay in first position in
the D scale.
So again, this is it's gonna look a lot
like
the G scale starting from the D on your
first and third finger.
And then we go to the next string which is
E note, right?
Open E.
And then F-sharp.
And then again, tight.
Just like the G scale.
It's a G.
And then the loose one to, to A.
And then if we're really brave.
Get your fourth finger and make it.
Put it on the B note.
Okay, now hopefully you want to have had
to readjust your whole hand position in
order to get that fourth finger there,
because you're already using the lovely,
[SOUND] you know, slightly arched wrist
there on the left hand.
Rather than like this.
[MUSIC]
Its almost impossible to do unless you
have a gigantic hand and not all of us
have gigantic hands.
But what we want is
[MUSIC]
right.
Let's just keep that in mind, and let's,
just use, go up to our third finger.
So what we've got, we're gonna come back.
I wanna do this one more time a little
quicker with the third finger, the D,
to the E.
Play a long with me.
F Sharp.
Here comes the G, tight, to the A.
And then go down, back down to G.
[MUSIC]
Right.
And then let's go, keep going back down.
[MUSIC]
Right.
High C-sharp, right?
[MUSIC]
And then down to B.
[MUSIC]
Now, if we wanna keep going down.
We can.
We can go down on the G string but we,
remember we played a C sharp.
[MUSIC]
Right?
That's a very important part of the G
scale.
So instead of playing [SOUND] C natural
like we did to the G scale,
we gonna actually stretch up
[MUSIC]
and play.
The c sharp with our third finger, higher.
So that's.
[MUSIC]
I want you to just.
[MUSIC]
play the theme and then find the c sharp
with your third finger
[MUSIC]
and play that with me.
Just sit on that for a second
[MUSIC]
And feel how that note happens.
Now, with a lotta fiddles, many, many
violins have sort of a funny,
kind of a balloony, kind of woofy tone
right at that note.
[MUSIC]
So
it might take a little scootching around
to just really find that note.
Get it in tune.
[MUSIC]
And then we have another.
Whole step between that note, C sharp, and
the B.
[MUSIC]
So I want you try a little bit of that.
Going, just go back and forth.
We're gonna focus down on the problem
area.
[MUSIC]
It's,
we're gonna do emergency triage with our.
With our siren here.
Our European siren.
[MUSIC]
And
then back down another whole step to the
A.
[MUSIC]
And then down to the G.
[MUSIC]
G note is a big part of the D scale.
Even though it.
Kind of points away from the scale, so
then let's come back up,
[MUSIC]
G, A, B, C sharp,
[MUSIC]
there's the note of our scale, then up
[MUSIC].
[SOUND].
Keep going.
[MUSIC]
back down.
Remember its like a low two.
We're gonna make a G note.
And then F sharp.
[MUSIC]
Here's the high two.
C sharp.
[MUSIC]
So again, what are those notes?
D, E.
Let's sing the note or say the note.
You are in the privacy of your own home.
One great advantage to this kind of thing,
you know, this online stuff,
you can be away from other potentially
embarrassing people in situations and.
Sing.
Even if you're not, you know, an
enthusiastic singer.
This is the utility voice portion of the
show.
We are actually, internalizing the voice
of these notes as we sing them.
D. E. F sharp.
G.
[MUSIC]
A, B,
C sharp, D, E,
F sharp, G, A.
Back down, G.
[MUSIC]
F sharp.
[MUSIC]
E.
[MUSIC]
D.
[MUSIC]
C sharp.
[MUSIC]
B.
[MUSIC]
A.
[MUSIC]
G.
[MUSIC]
F sharp.
[MUSIC]
E.
[MUSIC]
D.
Now what's next?
C sharp, right?
Remember that stretch?
C sharp
[MUSIC].
Get that in tune.
Down to B, and then A to G, and then come
back up to D,
just now that we have a nice neat.
Tight off little bow on it.
Here we go, to A, B, this pesky C-sharp,
to D, our home base.
Yeah, okay, so that's the D scale in first
position.
So in some ways, super easy.
In some ways it's a little more
challenging because we have these.
High and low C sharps in different places
with our fingers.
So I want you to play that a lot, you
know, and,
play it with a metronome, just run that.
First with the octave.
[MUSIC]
And
when you really feel comfortable with
that, then extend beyond
the octave to as high and as low as you
can get on the instrument.
[MUSIC]
And that's our D Scale.
Great.
[MUSIC]