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Jazz Sax Lessons: “Battle Hymn of the Republic”

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So here is a great American classic for
you, the Battle Hymn of the Republic.
Looking at this chart,
I'm gonna play it on my tenor.
So I'm looking at the B
flat tenor soprano chart.
If you're playing alto or baritone,
you're looking at the E flat alto or
baritone chart.
So in this chart there are two
things I want to make you aware of.
One constant rhythm throughout the entire
song is that dotted eighth sixteenth note.
Rhythm that you see all through especially
the first at least five or six bars here.
So you know that clearly
each beat is separated.
So the first beat after the pick up note,
you see that 1/16 note pick up prior to
the actual first bar, and
that is divided by that double bar there.
So our first beat is that dotted 1/8 1/16,
so the way you
want to find that 1/16 note rhythmically
Is to be subdividing in your head.
So, we say if each beat is one,
two, three, four.
The 16th note you know takes up,
you know a quarter of each beat.
One E, and a two E, and
a three E, and a four E, and a.
So, the dotted eighth note
is taking up the first three
quarters of each beat, if you will.
One E and, one E and.
So, duh, duh duh, duh duh.
One E and a duh duh duh duh duh duh duh.
So, in the back of your mind,
you're subdividing each beat and
that's how we find the rhythm of.
It's easy to find the rhythm
of the dotted eighth note, but
that's how we find where to place the
sixteenth note at the end of each beat.
And it's very important to make sure that
you're not late for each subsequent beat
so on beat two, what you're
looking at in this first measure,
that third, one, two, three,
that third F, that can't be late.
Bum, ba dum, ba dum, da dum,
da dum, da dum, da dum.
Another thing I want to point out is
that we have two articulation markings
to look at.
You know that in bar 7 you see in beat 3,
that dot over that quarter note.
That's our staccato, so
the note is nice and short.
And the next marking over before
in bar seven is a legato marking,
so you know that note is played long.
You're still tonguing each of those notes,
but staccato is short and
the legato is long.
Other than that, at the very end,
very often, but not always,
you will see the word fine written
at the end of a piece of music, and
in italian that means end.
So that's what we use to make sure
you know that that's the end.
Also we have the final bar line here at
the end so very often it's a double bar,
but the very,
very last bar is a nice thick one.
So the thin bar line followed
by a thick bar line,
means that you're at
the end of your chart.
Okay, so
let's play Battle Hymn of the Republic.
I just wanna remind you of the key
signature on this song, it's two flats, so
check out at the beginning
of your chart for
the tenor part it's gonna be two flats.
For the alto and baritone part,
it's the E flat part,
it's gonna be one flat for the key of F.
For us tenor or soprano players, we're in
two flats, or the key of B flat major.
So, just remind yourself that every time
That indicates, the two flats indicate
that the first flat is, every B that
you come across is gonna be flat.
That's the why the little b sign or
the flat sign is on the B line.
And every E that you come across
in the song is gonna be flat, and
that's indicated by that second b sign or
flat sign.
That's on the, in the E space.
So make sure that as you play through
[SOUND], there's our B flat right there.
And there's another B flat right there.
So, it doesn't say it on the note itself,
it's just you have to constantly remind
yourself that key signature always affects
every note, unless otherwise indicated.
But if you don't see anything
indicated on each note
that is indicated in the key signature,
make sure you adapt that.
I see an E right here in bar ten.
So you know that that's E flat.
Okay, I just wanna remind
you of that key signature.
Have fun.