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Jazz Piano Lessons: Ear Training: Basic Chord Qualities

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Let's start to work on the sound,
the basic fundamental sound of four
of the essential chords in jazz.
A couple of which we've
encountered already and
two of which we're going to
encounter in the next few lessons.
One of these, the one that we've been
working with, is the dominant seventh.
to me, and throughout history,
this chord has always
wanted to resolve there.
It's kind of a little
bit of an amen thing.
There's with a little enhancement on it.
I'm going to play all of these
in root position for now.
And I originally thought let's
make a lesson where we learn
the most basic chord qualities,
which would be the triads.
And for
now those are all we're working with.
And I thought,
well how am I gonna mix that up so
that you don't automatically
know what it is?
And you can't do much when
there's only two of them.
So we're gonna skip right
ahead to the seventh chords.
Here's the first one again.
That's a dominant seventh.
And the next one is a major seventh,
same notes.
That's, it's a very,
again it has kind of like
a good witch flavor to it.
It's also the same if you're familiar
with the Chicago tune, Color my World.
That's what they're arpeggiating.
Herbie Hancock.
Okay, so there we have the major seven.
The other one we've been working with is
minor seven, C, E flat, G, and B flat.
And that's I don't think of that
particular sound,
I mean that's a sad sound.
Somehow when you add
the seventh it becomes,
I'm more comfortable with it somehow, it's
So there's that one and then the last
one is a very distinctive chord that
we're coming up to in our
next series of lessons.
And that's a jazz chord that you hear
all the time,
which is the seven sharp nine chord.
And this is kind of our first introduction
to an extension on a seventh chord.
And the thing that gives this its
particular quality is the rubbing that
goes on between the natural third and
the flat third which in this
case is actually a sharp nine.
And that one,
you've heard that sometimes on tv,
they'll just close with that.
Because it says we're not done
with whatever this action is.
So, this exercise,
we're going to hear just
these chords going by,
pretty much at random.
You'll hear
major seven.
Minor seven.
seven sharp nine.
Major seven.
Dominant seven, it's like that.
So, this is a pretty basic exercise but
it's pretty fundamental to
just developing, starting to develop
our ear for chord qualities.
We're eventually gonna get what
we're trying to identify that,
which is a very distinctive chord,
that's a D triad over C seven or this.
A triad over C seven.
We'll get there when we get there.
For now, we just wanna work with
these basic seventh chord qualities.
You will find a link to this exercise
somewhere on the page with this lesson.
Download that exercise and
get it going and I'll see you for
the next ear training lesson.