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Electric Country Guitar Lessons: Basic Minor Chords: Am, Em, Dm

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This page contains a transcription of a video lesson from Country Guitar with Guthrie Trapp. This is only a preview of what you get when you take Electric Country Guitar Lessons at ArtistWorks. The transcription is only one of the valuable tools we provide our online members. Sign up today for unlimited access to all lessons, plus submit videos to your teacher for personal feedback on your playing.

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[MUSIC]
Okay, we've covered
some of the major cords.
We've talk a little bit about the degrees
of the scale and how that works.
We're starting to incorporate a little bit
more of kinda sneaking in a little bit of
music theory here, barely, but we're
getting there and more of that to come.
We'll get into some of that stuff, and
right now we'll touch
on a few little things.
But I wanna just go over
right now the simple,
just three minor chords.
And what that'll do is it'll give
us a platform to be able to discuss
the major and minor thirds,
and start incorporating that.
And I know that's a little
bit advanced right now, but
I just want to plant the seed for
how that works, and
how that changes the sound cuz it's
pretty fundamental and pretty important,
some of these minor chords, to be able
to just start hearing how they work.
And I might even mention a little bit how
the relative minor is incorporated into
that too.
So what we're gonna do is we're gonna
do A minor, E minor, and D minor, and
how these relate to the major chords
that we've just gone over here.
So right now I'm gonna teach you
how to play the A minor chord,
and first we're going to
play the A major chord and
I'm gonna show you what note
moves to make the minor sound.
And the thing about the minor chord is,
major cords are happy and
pretty light sounding and
they define a certain mood and
a certain musical feeling, which
everything we're doing here is leading up
eventually to be able to to have some fun,
express ourselves, whatever
personality we have as a musician.
The ultimate goal here is to be able
express ourselves in what kind of
mood we're in at that moment and
be able to freely convey and have some
happiness being able to do that on
an instrument, which is a beautiful thing.
And that's why we're all here,
basically, in the first place.
So with that being said,
just a little light about some of the more
interpersonal, emotional,
spiritual aspects of music.
That's kinda the whole point here,
we're getting to a place where we can
express ourselves in a way that goes along
with whatever kind of mood we're in.
If you're in a solemn mood and
you wanna play something sad,
you might want to start playing out of
a minor chord or something like that.
So I'm gonna show you how these
things kinda are related.
So first of all, the A major.
We're going to start with A.
So we'll do the A major chord
that we learned earlier [SOUND].
Okay, when you hit that second
fret on that note right here,
which is C sharp,
that's the major third of A.
So without getting too heavy,
because I know we haven't even done
the major scales yet, which are coming up.
But without getting too heavy
into any kind of theory,
that's the note that defines the mood
of the music, in my opinion.
So with that being said,
A major [SOUND], the major third [SOUND].
So one [SOUND],
two [SOUND], three [SOUND].
That's the degree of the scale,
one, two, three.
Now if we flat that third,
that gives us this sound [SOUND].
And you can hear the difference
between this [SOUND] and
that or this [SOUND] or
that or this [SOUND].
So if that's your base note A,
[SOUND] that's your major third.
[SOUND] That's your minor third.
So just that one step changes this
chord [SOUND] to that chord or
this chord the simpler version that we're
familiar with up to this point is this.
[SOUND] And it changes everything.
It goes from happy to sad with one note.
And rather than getting real
theoretical musically about it,
I would rather talk in like emotions and
what it feels like because
that to me is what music is.
It's a feeling that we all get
when we put a record on and
we hear something, a string bent,
something soulful.
So with that one note changing,
major third to minor third,
that changes the whole sound.
So without rambling on too much,
going from A [SOUND],
just moving that down,
it's gonna be these same two notes
[SOUND] there with your middle finger and
ring finger.
And then your first finger is gonna just
go from where it was there, [SOUND] and
now it's gonna go on the first fret
on the B string it's gonna be C note.
So [SOUND] that's A minor [SOUND].
And without getting too in depth in the
theory also, it's the relative minor to C.
So C [SOUND], C and
A minor are related.
And we're gonna get into all that stuff
coming up and it's gonna be fun because
there's a lot of tricks and shortcuts that
I can show you on the guitar that will
save you from thinking about it
in a real heavy, theoretical way.
I've got some ways that I look at it that
are really simple and are gonna be really
fun once we get over these fundamentals
and these simple things here.
So that's A minor,
relative minor to C [SOUND].
So now we're gonna go to E minor.
And I'll show you how that works.
It's the same thing.
So when we are in E [SOUND],
when I pick up,
here's the major third in E [SOUND],
G sharp [SOUND].
When I pick up that finger,
it becomes E minor,
which is a natural G note,
which becomes the flat three,
the flatted three.
Major three, [SOUND] minor three.
So [SOUND] that's E minor.
[SOUND] That minor chord is relative to
G minor, I mean to G major, excuse me.
So E minor is the relative minor to G and
we'll get into all that, trust me,
you don't have to remember this right now.
But I'm just showing
you how they're relate.
So G [SOUND], E minor and
those scales work and
we'll get into all that
stuff too coming up.
I just want you to get the basic
minor chords under your belt here.
So we're just gonna do three of them and
we might do four.
We might do a B minor or
something here coming up.
But now we gonna do D minor.
So we're gonna play a D chord [SOUND].
So F sharp [SOUND] is
the major third of D [SOUND].
So we're gonna flat that
[SOUND] to F natural and
we're going to make this chord.
We're gonna stick with these two
[SOUND] and we're gonna play that.
Instead of playing the D major was like
this [SOUND], we're gonna leave this ring
finger on the D note natural there
on the third fret of the B string.
But we're gonna move the middle finger
to the second fret on the G string and
then we're gonna move the first finger to
the F natural [SOUND] to make D minor.
And that's what it looks like.
[SOUND] So we're gonna change like that.
Okay, D minor [SOUND] is
the relative to F [SOUND].
You can hear how that relates.
So if you're playing something, and
you don't have to play this now,
it's just an example.
So if you're going
[MUSIC],
you can hear how that relates.
You've heard that chord change a million
times and we'll get into more of that too,
of course.
But those are some simple minor chords and
just a little bit of an intro to how
the major third is incorporated in that.
So let's move on.
[MUSIC]