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Electric Country Guitar Lessons: Major Scales: First Position

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We've covered some
basic major chords.
We've covered a lot of
fundamentals up to this point.
We're starting to get into some
of the more important things
as far as maybe a little bit
of theory here and there.
Starting to introduce theory a little bit.
Right now, we're gonna get into
basic major scales which this
is another great fundamental to have.
And it's gonna really help in the future
when we start linking stuff up the neck
to be able to play up the neck freely and
really have an understanding of the finger
board, and the muscle memory in your hand,
and how these shift, and everything.
I mean, this is a great next step and
next chapter that we're getting ready
to get in here on the beginning stages
of mapping out the guitar finger board.
So we're gonna do major scales.
And the first we're gonna do,
we're gonna go G, C, D, A and E and
the first one is just gonna be
we're gonna do the major scale and
the open chord position of G.
And that's gonna be this chord and
we're just gonna map this out.
So we're gonna start
dive right in here and
we're gonna play the G major scale,
outlining the G chord.
So we're gonna start and
the hand position is very important here,
because that's gonna help when we start
moving up the neck with these different
chord positions which
is what we're building.
These are building blocks right now to be
able to do that, which is gonna be great.
I mean, we're building up to be and
able to do some fun stuff here.
So bear with me through
these fundamentals and
we're gonna have some fun.
So starting with the notes laid out here,
the way they are with the chords.
So it's a pretty good way to look at it,
so I'm holding the G chord like this.
The first note that I'm gonna hit for
the G scale is gonna be that note and
it's gonna be with that finger.
So I’m pretty much laid
out here to be able to
cover the scale without
moving a whole lot.
My hand is laid out right now when I’m
playing the cord to be able to play
this scale very efficiently and
my hands be in the right position,
and my fingers be in the right position.
My first finger is right
above the first fret.
My second finger is right on
the second fret and my ring finger, and
my little finger are on the third fret.
So we're gonna keep this efficient.
We're gonna keep our left hand
close to the finger board and
that'll help out with speed in the future.
Just developing some of these fundamentals
that are gonna keep us from getting and
developing a lot of bad habits and
we'll talk more about that too,
but let's just play the G major scale.
So I'm gonna start with my ring finger
on the third fret on the low E string and
then I'm gonna go open A.
B on the A string,
second fret with my middle finger.
S so so far, we've got G, A,
B and then C,
one step up with my ring finger.
Open D, E with my middle finger.
Second fret, D string.
F sharp with my ring finger.
Fourth fret, D string, open G.
A on the second fret,
G string with my middle finger.
Open B, C with my first finger.
First fret on the B string.
D on the third fret of the B string.
Third finger, open E.
Second fret, middle finger and
then high G on the third
fret of the high E string.
So all that, this is what it sounds
like a little bit more up the tempo and
we'll play this a couple of times in some
rhythm to where you can play long and
get this going.
And what we're gonna do is we're gonna
try to practice this with the down, up,
down picking stuck to start really getting
that where these two hands are really
communicating well with each other.
And the scale is not the most fun
thing in the world to practice,
but it is very crucial in what
we're leading up to in these next
chapters of the curriculum
leading into the intermediate.
And then of course, the advanced
segments of this entire program here.
So let's do the down, up,
down picking with the right hand and
that's really gonna hone in on
these two hands communicating.
And really get this going
good to where you got a good,
solid foundation of these techniques.
So with all that being said,
let's get back to the G scale and
play it a bit more up to tempo.
So we're going to go down, up.
Then let's
go back down.
one more time.
I got a little away from my down,
up, down pattern.
So let's try to stick to that.
We're gonna go again, down.
One, two, three, four.
And then back
down, one, two,
three, four.
I keep wanting
to hit down, down.
But don't do that.
Let's stick to the down, up, down and
I'll play it again with you.
One, two, three, four.
And then back
down high to low.
One, two, three, four.
One more time,
high to low.
And again, the down, up, down.
One, two, three, four.
that's the G
major scale.
Now, we're gonna move on to the C
major scale in open position.
So there's your C chord that we covered
earlier and then here is your C
scale that goes along with that.
So I'm gonna start on C and
work my way down.
So we're gonna go C, open D.
E on the second fret,
D string, middle finger, F.
One step up, ring finger.
Third fret, D string.
So so far, we've got.
And then open G.
A with the second finger,
second fret, G string.
Open B.
C what the first finger.
First fret, B string.
So that's the simplified version
of the C scale from one octave.
So we've got.
And I'm trying
to stick to the down,
up, down.
So please do that with me.
So one, two, three, four.
the simple
C scale.
Now, there is a more complicated C scale
that you can do starting on the G note.
There's your C chord, so you can go.
It's a little
confusing, because
those are the notes you can
use in the C scale.
But you're starting on G.
The best way to do it is do the way
we just did, the simpler version.
So that's starting on C and ending on C.
We'll get into those other
notes in another lesson.
So one more time, let's do the simple
version of this, the C scale.
So down, up, down.
One, two, three, four.
the simple
version of
the C scale.
Now, we're gonna move to the D scale and
we're gonna do a simple
version of that also.
So we're gonna start on D and
we're gonna go D.
Open E on the second fret, first finger.
F sharp, third finger, ring finger.
So fourth fret,
D string, open G.
That's an A note on the second
fret of the G string, first finger.
then B with the third finger,
the ring finger, B on the fourth fret.
So, so far we've got.
And then C sharp with the first
finger, B string, second fret.
And then resolving to D with the middle
finger, third fret, B string.
So play this along with me.
So far, we've got one, two, three, four.
Back down.
One, two, three, four.
So that altogether
sounds like.
And you can
also do this.
You can what I just did there.
I did open B too.
You can do closed or open.
So this is the same note.
So you can go.
Or you can go.
And then now,
we're gonna move on to,
we're gonna do the A scale.
The simple A scale and then we'll
do E scale and this will be the,
we'll have done the major chords and
the major scale.
So here is the A and we're gonna
start on obviously the A string and
we're gonna go A, B, second fret.
A string, first finger.
Whole step to C sharp,
third finger [SOUND] with open D.
E with the first finger.
Your second fret, D string.
And then F sharp with third finger.
Fourth fret, D string.
And then we're gonna jump down here.
It's a little bit of a stretch,
but we're gonna go.
So far, we've got.
We're gonna go G sharp to A.
So first G sharp is the first fret,
G string.
And resolve into A is gonna
be the second fret, G string.
So so far,
we've got the one octave of the A scale.
Now you can
take this.
Since we're in A,
we've got three octaves here.
Well, actually two.
One here and then one here.
[SOUND] We're gonna do the high
octave of the A scale and
we're gonna stick with our
alternating picking here.
So we're gonna start here.
Do that
with me one
more time.
One, two, three, four.
more time.
One, two three, four.
the A scale.
So let's do this A scale
from the top to bottom,
incorporating the open position here and
then the more closed position
that we did right here.
So let's start from the top and
we'll do one, two, three, four.
we're gonna
go back down.
And that's your whole A chord and
that's a tough one, but
you can see how I'm doing that.
I'm doing the bar A.
And then I'm barring these two notes,
which eventually will cover
those chords up the neck.
I just want to incorporate that
full octave since it is A and
you can do two octaves there.
So together again, one,
two, three, four.
back down.
That's your A and
then we're gonna do E and
E is a little tricky,
cuz it's got some closed
positioned notes as well.
We are going to do,
right now we are going to do E.
Which is basically around this E scale.
So we are going to start on the low E.
And go one, we are going to incorporate
the degrees of the scale on this also.
Be a good little exercise now that we're
thinking about that in those terms.
So this is going to be one,
two with your first finger that's F sharp,
three which is G sharp, A which is four.
So, so far, we've got
Five, first finger.
So one, two, three, four, five,
six, which is C sharp
with the third finger.
So so far,
we've kept it in this whole step kinda
box pattern that I'm seeing here,
which looks like this.
So it's a whole step, and
it's this boxed pattern,
which we'll talk about more when we get
into pentatonics and stuff like that.
So right now, bear with me,
we're gonna get through this E scale and
then we'll move on to some more fun stuff.
So far, we've got open E
First finger F sharp, second fret,
low E string [SOUND] fourth fret,
third finger, low E string [SOUND].
Open A [SOUND].
Second fret, first finger A string,
B [SOUND] Six, one, two, three,
four, five, six is going to be C sharp
with our third finger, ring finger.
Fourth fret A string.
[SOUND] Now, we're going to go
first finger closed on the D
sharp right here so we're going to go
D sharp.
To the second fret, third,
second fret on the D string.
So that's gonna complete our first octave.
The low octave of that scale so
that's gonna sound like this.
let's play that together
one time really slow.
And we're going to stick,
I'm trying the best I can to
stick to the down-up-down-up.
So, do that with me.
So, one, two, three, four.
one more
One, two three, four.
I went a little faster there,
let's do this one more time
a little bit faster so
we can get the right hand going.
So one, two, three,
it'll be like double time.
So one, two, three, four.
one more time.
One, two, three, four.
So that's your major
scale in E on your low octaves.
Now, let's do the next octave.
We'll do this E to your high E.
So let's start here and
we're going to go E to F sharp.
We're going to go first finger,
third finger, fourth D string,
F sharp, G sharp.
A, so we're gonna slide up from,
and we'll get to slides, but
just move your first finger from the first
fret to the second fret right here.
So one, two, three, four, five,
B on the fourth fret of the G string.
So with your ring
finger, and so
we've got
And then,
we've got C sharp with our first finger
on the second fret of the B string so
And then, we've got D sharp,
and then resolving to E.
So the whole
thing will be
So one more time down together.
And then back down.
And once again right here when
you hit the B, you can hit it open or
you can fret on the fourth fret.
So you got two options,
you can go,
or hit open like I just did.
So that is your E scale.
So do this with me one more time and
each version that have done which
one is closed position and
one has more open strings.
So going from the middle here.
One, two,
three, four.
That was closed.
Little finger on the fifth fret of
the B string which is your unison.
Same as the high E there.
Now, we'll do the same
thing with the open string.
It'll be open B and
open E, which'll be, so.
that's your
E scale.
And now, we're gonna move on.