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Harmonica Lessons: 3rd Position Basic: Dorian Mode and "Scarborough Fair"

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[MUSIC].
Hi, Now we're going to deal with
third position on the harmonica,
this is also known as the Dorian
mode in music theory.
And the easiest way to think about this is
that it's the second note of the scale.
So if you have a C harmonica.
[MUSIC]
The second note that you play when you
draw on the first hole is D, so the D,
you can also remember D is for Dorian.
I have to digress, these names,
a mixolydian, Dorian.
You say, what does that have to do
with the blues or anything like that?
These are modes that were named
after provinces of ancient Greece
by some music theory guys in England
in the 19th century I think,
or the 18th century, I don't know where.
But the names are really not important
other than the fact everyone uses them,
[LAUGH] so that's why I'm using them here.
So the Dorian mode, if I were to play D to
D on the harmonica it sounds like this.
Of course in the first octave it sounds a
little funny because you're missing notes.
[MUSIC]
Doesn't sound like much.
From the fourth hole, kinda like in first
position, we can play the full scale.
[MUSIC]
The first five notes sound like any old
minor scale, minor being that
the third note is flatted.
[MUSIC]
But the sixth note,
[MUSIC]
is major, and you can kind of raise your
eyebrows a little when you hear that,
and it's kind of.
[MUSIC]
It's a minor
scale that you
can recognize it.
It's heard a lot in English folk songs
like Scarborough Fair, for example.
[MUSIC]
It has
a very wistful
quality.
If I were to show it to you on the piano,
which I'd like to do,
you can look over here and
see what it looks like.
[MUSIC]
It's very medieval sounding,
and a lot of medieval music was
written in this mode, and
they sing a lot of things
in the church in this mode.
And so we got this harmonica now that
you tend to think of as a folk and blues
instrument, that now you realize you can
play things in all these different styles.
[MUSIC]
I was using tongue
blocking in intervals.
[MUSIC]
That's a tongue trill, and
I'll show you that later.
Here's another octave.
[MUSIC]
So I'll show you how to play Scarborough
fair, because it is
a really good Dorian tune.
Again, it gets up into the high
range of the harmonica.
I can't reiterate or overemphasize how
much you have to keep your embouchure
firm and not push or pull too hard.
So we start on the fourth hole.
[MUSIC]
This goes from D to A.
Fourth hole draw is D,
sixth hole draw is A, it's a fifth.
[MUSIC]
And the fifth hole blow.
[MUSIC]
Fifth hole draw, fifth hole blow again and
draw.
[MUSIC]
Then we jump to six draw,
[MUSIC]
seven blow,
[MUSIC]
eight draw,
[MUSIC].
Seven blow, six draw, seven draw,
[MUSIC]
then six blow, six draw,
[MUSIC]
and so on and so forth, up to eight again.
[MUSIC]
Seven blow, six draw.
[MUSIC]
Six draw, six blow, five draw, five blow,
four blow, and then
[MUSIC]
the ending, which I'll let you figure out
since I've played all the other notes.
[MUSIC]