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Harmonica Lessons: Pentatonic Scale: "Old Joe Clark" and "Black Jack Davey"

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[MUSIC]
We're pretty heavy into
the blues right now.
And I just wanna take
a little side excursion into
country music because there's
lots of country blues.
And so
as I said to you in the beginning section,
that the music from British Isles,
a lot of it used the mixolydian mode,
which is the mode of the blues.
[MUSIC]
See, now that we can bend all the notes.
We can get that mixolydian scale all
the way from the second hole draw
[MUSIC]
two octaves.
You can practice doing that.
It's the same notes that's
in the major scale.
It just starts on the G.
So there are a lot of tunes
that use the mixolydian scale that
are Appalachian fiddle tunes.
I played one on my first instructional
video on Homespun called Red-Haired Boy.
You can go look that up and try that one.
But I'm just gonna do a few
here now that are very simple.
This one's called Old Joe Clark.
And this has got a million words, some of
them are not to be told in polite company.
And it was a song that people just used to
have a lot of fun making up lyrics, and
sort of a hoe down kind of tune.
[MUSIC]
And
some is where you're imitating the violin.
[SOUND]
[MUSIC]
So
that's
kind
of a
country
blues,
hoedown.
And use the flatted seventh,
[MUSIC]
but it also used
[MUSIC]
which isn't exactly something that you
hear in blues.
It's more modal.
[MUSIC]
And the major third.
[MUSIC]
that could
be a blues band.
[MUSIC]
Shared.
I'm just letting the notes
[MUSIC]
and with that,
I was doing a throat tremolo.
[MUSIC]
I'm expanding my lips out,
pushing the harmonica in, [SOUND]
to be able to cover holes one, two,
and three, and keeping the throat
tremolo going at the same time.
[MUSIC]
That's kind of a neat thing.
I don't think consciously about
this stuff when I'm doing it.
[MUSIC]
That one's called Cripple Creek,
I mean that's a real simple one.
It's a million of these things that
people just play on one chord just like
the blues guys do on one chord, and
people would dance to this music.
So the next one I wanna play for
you of these fiddle tunes, hoedowns,
it's a little bit more of a tune.
It's called Blackjack Davey,
and the melody goes like this.
[MUSIC]
And that's
really characteristic
country lick,
country run.
[MUSIC]
That uses the notes of what
are called the major pentatonic scale.
Pentatonic just means five notes.
The notes so happen to be the first,
second, third, fifth, and
sixth notes on the scale.
So if we're starting in G,
[MUSIC]
G, A, B, D, E.
[MUSIC]
Up to the G.
And you can do it in the second octave.
[MUSIC]
And this is a really great scale because
all of these notes go together
in a very natural way.
There's no wrong notes when you're
just playing these five notes over
a major chord.
They all sound good.
[MUSIC]
And
you've heard that a lot in country music.
[MUSIC]