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Harmonica Lessons: "Softly As In A Morning Sunrise" on B Flat Harp

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[MUSIC]
I did quite a bit of talking about
the old jazz tune, Softly,
as in a Morning Sunrise, earlier on.
And now, I'm gonna play it for you with
the backing track, but before I do,
I'll just explain a little bit more of
what it is, and play some 2-5-1 licks.
So it's a.
[MUSIC]
That's 1, 2, 5, 1.
[MUSIC]
See it goes back and forth.
2, 5, 1.
2, 5, 1.
And in a minor key.
In minor key jazz.
We have a choice of a whole
bunch of different scales.
[MUSIC]
This is called the half diminished.
It's not a Dm7.
[MUSIC]
It's D minor seven flat five, or
half diminished.
[MUSIC]
[SOUND] it's a darker sound.
[MUSIC]
So, the scale that goes along with this
is, believe it or not, the Locrian mode.
[MUSIC]
Or
[MUSIC]
This is a scale from
another modal system.
It's one of the modes
of the melodic minor.
Which I will get into at a future date.
But it's like the Locrian
mode with a major seventh.
[MUSIC]
And
sometimes we use.
[MUSIC]
The old diminished scale again.
[MUSIC]
If we're gonna play a G
seven Flat nine with the thirteen.
And sometimes we use
the altered scale like
[MUSIC].
That's a lick that everyone's heard.
It's the nine to nidja lick.
That is extracted from the altered scale,
which is another of the modes
of the melodic minor.
[MUSIC]
Every film noir theme uses
these type of scales.
When they resolve to the minor chord
of C a lot of times it's a C minor
6th cord (piano playing)
which is the Dorian mode.
Or it could be the melodic minor scale.
[MUSIC]
So
softly as
in a morning
sunrise.
[MUSIC]
See?
[MUSIC]
Minor key jazz has its own vocabulary.
It goes back and
forth between all of these.
Suddenly changing shades that
go along with the harmonies,
which are subtly changing.
And in my backing track,
I also threw in sometimes.
[MUSIC]
Which is Spanish phrydgian,
it's C-minor, B-flat, A-flat-7
[MUSIC]
To G-7.
That's like
[MUSIC].
Hit the road jack, and don't you come
back no more no more no more no more.
It's going down.
[MUSIC]
So, I threw that in just to make some more
interesting solo textures, and
you'll hear that line come in,
even though it's not.
Strictly speaking in the original
chord change for the tune.
So I'm going to play it on a Bb harmonica.
And then I'm going to play it
on a few other harmonicas.
Because the Bb harmonica
plays it in the Dorian mode.
And it has that minor 6.
[MUSIC]
It's a bluesy minor,
jazzy position to play it in.
And away we go.
[MUSIC]
The middle
goes to
the relevant
major.
[MUSIC]
E flat.
[MUSIC]
Then back.
[MUSIC].