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Harmonica Lessons: "Night In Tunisia" Vamp: Altered Scale Runs

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[MUSIC]
Now, I want to do a very
famous minor key vamp.
This is the one from Night in Tunisia and
involves
the flat two to the one in D minor
[MUSIC].
So the flat second chord is E flat seven
[MUSIC]
and the one is D minor six, D minor seven
[MUSIC],
except that the flat two
also has a flat five in it.
[MUSIC]
And the one also can
sometimes be that melodic minor scale,
and it's called a minor major seventh.
That's the name of that scale.
[MUSIC]
So, the two chords are.
[MUSIC]
And it has
a famous bass line.
[MUSIC]
A lot of people have recorded this tune
in funk styles, in Latin styles,
in jazz styles, in combinations of there.
And so this is a kind of a vamp that
you need to be able to play on.
And so you can really wail
just in D minor on it, or
you could take advantage of
the extensions of the chords.
[MUSIC]
And
this one is
[MUSIC].
Is that altered scale of A.
[MUSIC]
If you think of it from
being an A, it's A, B flat,
C, D flat, E flat, F, G, A.
[MUSIC]
And if you think of
it as being from E flat, it's
[MUSIC].
It's like an E flat seven,
[MUSIC]
with a sharp fourth.
[MUSIC]
Resolving to a D minor
with a major seventh.
[MUSIC]
It's a Dorian with a major seventh.
[MUSIC]
But you don't have to play those
notes all the time, at all.
[MUSIC]
So,
these scales,
[MUSIC].
If you think of that starting on A,
because the chord can,
the A flat chord and the E flat
chord are sort of the same thing,
since they're a flat fifth apart, and
they each have flatted fifths in them.
[MUSIC]
It's called the altered scale.
[MUSIC]
One, flatted two,
minor third, third sharp,
four, flat fifth,
minor sixth, minor
seventh, one
[MUSIC].
It's that, or
you could think of it as going from E flat
[MUSIC]
as the mixolydian mode,
with a sharp fourth.
[MUSIC]
So it is
an E flat seven.
But with a sharp fourth, or also called a
flatted fifth, or also called a sharp 11.
[MUSIC]
Depending on where it sits in the voice.
Sorry, but it's music for you.
So, I added, when you look at jazz
chord charts, there'll be these chords,
and they are the clues,
just like the key signatures are,
to let you know what key you're in.
These chords let you know what scales
you should be improvising in, over them.
[MUSIC]