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Popular Piano Lessons: Moonlight Sonata - D Section

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Continuing on with
our left hand octaves.
We last finished off with your
left hand on a D octave here.
We come to a tie.
Now, the biggest challenge is that you're
gonna be jumping around in octaves.
Okay, so
let's figure out what these notes are.
Maybe what we'll do is we'll
start with your thumb perhaps.
Let's do your thumb alone.
The very next note will be the note
above F clef F, which is a G.
Space up which is the B, but
there's a flat next to it so we do this.
Back down to G, and then down to D.
[SOUND] All right, it's a great
way to practice, it's all thumbs.
Ready, try this again.
Tie G, B flat, G, D.
All right, now, you'll notice that as
an octave you can pretty much keep your
hand locked in one shape.
Once you get familiar with how far
an octave is relative to your hand,
lock it in position.
Don't get stiff but you just wanna have
your fingers open to that distance.
And then G, B flat, back down to G,
and then D.
Again the pedal will take care of
connecting those gaps in between
the jumps.
Let's try it with a pedal right now.
Here we go.
We're actually going to change on the tie.
Hold the pedal.
Change at the beginning of the measure.
And since the beginning
of the measure's a tie,
we're gonna repeat this same thing here.
Change the pedal, hold it,
go on, back to D.
Now we're gonna add one more octave at
the end of the second time of this,
down to a G.
So remember that tip.
Use your thumb, your left hand thumb,
as the targeting tool to find all
the notes in that eighth note sequence.
Now, on the right hand,
we're going to get to one of the most
painful sections of the piece.
[SOUND] We're gonna play
an interval that goes really wide.
[SOUND] Pain, agony!
[LAUGH] This is an interesting interval.
Now, when I was making this arrangement,
I was debating whether I wanted to keep it
in, because we don't run across
this interval very often.
But the distance from here to here,
the octave, is all over the place,
but this goes one note higher.
And it's just so delicious, I couldn't
resist keeping in this arrangement.
[SOUND] All right, now, for some of
you who have hands smaller than mine,
now mine are pretty small, but if your
hands are just barely reaching an octave,
you can't reach that new interval.
By the way, this is a ninth.
One, two, three, four, five, six,
seven, eight, this is kind of a,
normally the ninth would be here.
We call that a flat ninth, well,
kind of a minor ninth here.
[SOUND] Painful.
Well, if you can't reach it with
your small hands, you can do this.
[SOUND] Just do a quick jump from
the lower note to the top note.
Okay, and what you wanna try
to do is have the top note
line up with the left hand note.
I'll show you both versions both played
as is and then played with a little
bit of that break if your hands are too
small to play it all together, okay.
So, let's take a look at this.
Hands together starting from measure 14.
Changing to a major,
changing the pedal here.
Now, if you can play it together, great.
Your left hand is tied.
Change the pedal.
And the jump's here,
using your thumb to target, all right.
Now let me show you the way to do it
if you can't play those two notes at
the same time.
Watch this, okay?
Note the timing of the bottom note and
when the top note
actually comes in relative to
the accompaniment underneath it, okay.
Well, actually not really.
[LAUGH] All right, so just pay attention
to how I'm trying to place the top note
with the beat, even though nothing else
is playing directly underneath it.
And take a look at this, ready, and.
Change the pedal for the major change.
Did you hear what I did?
I put the D a little bit earlier, so.
There's no break from the top note
to the next top note.
You see what I did?
One, if I'm using this as a count,
one, one, one.
Put the D ahead so
that the top note lands on the beat, okay?
So that's a little tip for
you if you can't reach that.
Now, let's go ahead and take a look at the
rest of the right hand notes before adding
it into that wonderful left
hand jumping octave sequence.
Okay, taking from here, to the ninth.
If you can't hold it, again the pedal will
take care of it, so don't worry about it.
You should be able to play
this next section, now.
Again, two options for you,
if you have small hands,
you can play this with
the pinky on top here, okay?
If your hands are a little bit bigger and
you prefer, you can use the fourth finger.
So that's why you have two
fingering options there.
And then back to the octave.
[SOUND] Really,
whatever you're more comfortable with.
to the ninth, that's all together.
I'll use the four finger going into the C
Okay, and that basically
repeats a couple of times.
So now,
let's put it together with your left hand.
All right, putting everything
together slowly, here we go.
Pedal down, here we go.
Changing to the major here.
And now either a five or
a four, doesn't matter.
I'm using a five this time.
Now the second time I'm just going to go
ahead and play it all together, okay?
Now if it's uncomfortable,
you can let go of it.
You can let go of this note
if you're uncomfortable,
and let the pedal hold if for you.
It's up to you.
Now the next part of this changes so
that this goes to a G.
You change the inside notes here.
Okay, good,
now we're ready to go
into the next sequence.
Let's take a look at
the right hand alone.
Here we are, octave.
Again, holding the pinkie through.
That repeats a couple of times.
Octave again.
Now this moves down to an F.
Another octave.
We're gonna keep those
two notes in the middle.
Octave again.
Now these two notes are gonna shift down.
See that?
Now down to an A octave.
These two notes stay the same.
A octave again.
Now these two notes shift down.
Now the whole thing moves down to G.
Now we change the notes
slightly in the middle,
this D and the E, A octave here,
D and E stay the same,
B flat octave, D and E stay the same.
Down to an A, now we add this as an F.
Now here's another painful ninth.
If you can play together, awesome.
If not, you can break it.
And let go of that if you can't hold it.
And then we're gonna jump down to D.
We've got a double ledger
line to an F down here.
And again, this is climb back
up using some of the same notes.
So those are the notes in the next
portion of the right hand.
Let's put it all together one more time.
Right-hand notes.
And from measure 19 or so.
Middle note smooth.
Middle note smooth.
Middle note smooth.
Now move down.
Octave up.
Octave up.
Back down to A.
Changing the notes there.
Here's our ninth.
If you can't play it all together,
break it.
And then we're gonna jump down,
you had the third finger here,
jump down to a four.
So you're kind of put your fourth
finger and displace the three.
Just move your hand over like that.
Again, no really comfortable way
to get around this little thing here.
This I think the fourth finger is just too
much of a stretch to hold onto that if you
decide to hold it.
So that's why I'm using
third finger here and
them I'm gonna simply move my fourth
finger, slide it over like that.
let's take a quick look at
the left hand octave notes.
Now, with the octaves, we're gonna change
the pedal on every octave
because the harmonies change,
and it'll help make
the music sound less muddy.
We're going to change with every octave.
So practice this next section
with your pedal, okay?
So, pedal down down.
I'm going to change as soon as I
come in with my E octave here,okay,
using my thumb to aim here's an F.
Change the pedal.
Skip down to a D.
Change the pedal, up to an E.
There's a space down to a C-sharp.
Change the pedal slightly up to a D.
Line to line to a B-flat.
You can see the accidental, okay?
Going down to A.
Going down to G.
Back up to A.
Now, even though the A's repeat,
we're gonna change the pedal here as well.
Now, here,
we finally break the octave pattern.
And we have here, on top, an A, and a,
going back down to the bottom
of your staff line, G.
Skip down the ledger line
that's below that, it's a D.
let's just do those two measures again.
The A octave, change the pedal,
and going to a D.
So, your A stays the same.
All right?
Once you have that comfortable,
we'll put our hands together.
Let's practice with the pedal
as we assemble our hands together.
It's gonna be easier because you're not
gonna feel tempted to hold the notes
longer than necessary.
It'll give you more time to jump
quickly between each position change.
Here we go.
[SOUND] Okay, left hand.
[SOUND] Ready.
My pedal is down.
I'm going to change as
soon as I come in here.
Ready, and.
Change the pedal.
Remember I'm holding my pinky as long as I
Here we go, moving.
Moving down.
Moving down these two notes.
[SOUND] Move the octave down.
Moving these two notes down.
[SOUND] Moving down.
Splitting apart.
Coming back together in the As.
Now, here's that ninth.
If you can't play it together,
[SOUND] see what I just did?
Watch that again.
I'm gonna play the G a little bit before,
so that this and
the left hand come together.
That's the most important part here, okay?
Two, three.
[SOUND] Okay, now if you're fortunate
enough to be able to reach it all, great.
Here's what it sounds like all together.
And this changes to a D.
Move your hand.
Position right hand.
And as I mentioned before,
remember to practice kind
of in position pairs.
We want to eliminate any potholes.
So for an example,
practice that pair.
Don't stop.
Where's my notes?
Where are my notes?
Where are my notes?
Where are my notes?
Where are my notes?
Where are my notes?
Where are my notes?
[LAUGH] You don't want
to have these huge gaps.
So as much as you can, again,
break it down to just the pairs.
To here.
Okay, get that sequence worked out.
Then work from here to here, okay?
Then from here to here,
from here to here, all right?
Here to here as well.
[SOUND] And then from here to here, okay?
And then from here to here.
Here to here.
From here to here.
From here to here.
than we do that, you can do that.
And from here, finally.
Make sure you move quickly to that.
Okay, so these paired practices will help
you to smooth out all of those
transitions as we mentioned before.
Okay, let's get ready to move on.