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Jazz Bass Lessons: Electric Bass: Arpeggios for Common Chords Found in Jazz

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[MUSIC]
I thought it would be helpful if
we go over some arpeggios for the common
chords that we find in so many jazz tunes.
You'll have a lead sheet for
instance or a bass part.
And you'll see all these
chord symbols on it.
And if you're new to jazz,
sometimes it looks like Greek.
All of a sudden you have a major 7 chord
with a plus 11, well how does that work?
Or a minor 9 chord with
a flat 5 with an 11th.
There's all these different sounds.
Or what does it mean
when somebody says E dim?
D-I-M with a period?
Well that's diminished.
What does it mean when
there's a zero next to it?
That's also diminished.
Or there's all these terminology items
that are associated with chords.
So I'm gonna go, this sheet is available
for you guys to download and work on.
But I'm gonna go through some
of the arpeggios with you and
just tell you what they're made of.
I'll start simply with an E major 7 and
an E major 7 plus 11.
So here's E major seven.
It's the root in the third and
the fifth in the major seven of the scale.
[MUSIC]
Or it may be fingered here.
[MUSIC]
Okay.
Now then we can do the E major 7
with the 9th and the sharp 11.
Or sometimes they say plus 11,
that means a raised 11.
So, if we go up the scale and we say 1,
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11.
That 11th is an A in the key of E.
So now we're gonna raise it.
So it's gonna really be an A sharp,
or a B flat.
So the arpeggio will reflect that.
So now we have root, 3rd, 5th,
major 7, major 9, and the plus 11.
It has this kind of sound, if we did a.
[MUSIC]
It's a very
pretty sound,
actually.
Now, let's talk about E minor 11.
You'll see an E minor 11.
E minor seven, first of all,
is the bottom part of that.
It's E, G which is the flat at third for
a minor.
The five, the flatted seventh.
We're familiar from that
from the other exercises.
But now we have a ninth which is
an F sharp, and remember what we did
before.[ We count up one, two, three,
four, five, six, seven, eight, nine.
It's an F sharp.
That's the 9th and then the 11th.
What is the 11th?
Well, remember we counted up from
E before, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
8, 9, 10, 11, it's an A.
In this case, E minor 11,
there's no alteration to the 11,
it's just straight up 11.
So we have.
[MUSIC]
You might have heard this sound.
[MUSIC]
With a four string it's a little tricky
to get all the voicings in there.
But you get the idea.
[MUSIC]
That's an E minor with the 11th kind
of sound.
So now E minor 9 with
a flat 5 with a natural 11.
Sometimes when you have a E minor seven
flat five, they call it a half diminished.
Because it's almost like
a regular diminished chord,
except that the seventh chord isn't double
flatted like it is in the diminished.
So, E minor 9 flat 5 with the 11.
That's E, G which is the flatted third.
Now we have a flatted fifth.
So normally the fifth is the B natural,
now it's a B flat.
[MUSIC]
So root, flatted third,
flatted fifth, flat seven,
then the eleven.
We already know that's an F sharp.
The nine is the F sharp.
And the 11th is an A.
Again.
1, flat 3, flat 5, flat 7,
natural 9, natural 11.
[MUSIC]
It's a really beautiful sound,
very exotic, gorgeous.
You hear Herbie Hancock play
that sound on the first chord of
Stella by Starlight on the famous
recording with Miles Davis.
That sound is such a glorious sound.
Anyway, I'll do two more, I'll just do
cuz this goes on in all the keys and
has these chord symbols for you.
Let's do a dominant one.
Let's say E7 plus 11.
So, you know a dominant seventh is
the root, the third, the fifth, and
the flatted seventh.
So here, we have E, G sharp, B, D.
Now we have the nine also included,
which is the F sharp.
We know that from before.
And now we have that plus 11.
Remember the 11 was the A note,
now it's an A sharp.
So.
[MUSIC]
So that's a rich sound.
You hear it a lot of times in music.
And in the theoretical part of the site,
where I'm playing some voicings on
the piano, you'll hear that sound.
So what I'd like you to do is
take a look at this sheet and
go through all the forms
that I've included here.
And if there's anything you
don't understand, there's also
in the theories section,
there's this straight up information on,
okay, what is an F augmented?
Well, it's a root,
a third, and a sharp five.
Okay?
Well what is an F diminished triad?
It's a root of flat three, of flat five,
and a double flatted seventh,
if there's a seventh involved.
And oftentimes there is in jazz.
These are some of the chord
spellings we call them,
how do you spell these chords,
how do you represent them?
What's their symbol look like and
what does it mean when you spell it out?
And this is important in jazz because
we have a lot of harmonic diversity and
complexity in the music, so
I hope you enjoy these chords.
[MUSIC]