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Jazz Bass Lessons: Elementary Ear Training - Intervals

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[MUSIC]
Now we're going to deal with
beginning bass and voice ear training.
We're gonna do some ear training.
What I want you to get used to doing
is training your ear to match pitch,
to sing, and play at the same time.
Very simple things at first and
we're gonna learn a little
theory in the process.
First thing we're gonna learn
to do is sing some intervals.
The intervals are the basic
building blocks of music.
It's the space between one note and
the next.
So we're gonna do a minor second or
what's called a half step.
The closest
[MUSIC]
distance between notes that we have.
So I'm playing in E down here in
the first position on the bass.
An E and an F, second and fourth finger,
we've played these notes a lot already.
But now we're going to
have that open E ringing
[MUSIC].
So that's a minor second, or a half-step
[MUSIC].
So first can you match pitch, da da da da?
[MUSIC]
We don't
have to be a great singer obviously.
I'm not exactly Stevie Wonder so,
[MUSIC]
and then play it and see if you're close.
[MUSIC]
That's a half step, or a minor second.
Second interval that I would like
to do is the major second and
that's a little more space.
[MUSIC]
That's a whole step.
[MUSIC]
Remember in our major scales,
we have lots of these whole steps.
So,
[MUSIC]
okay, hold steps.
[MUSIC]
Major second.
Now minor third is the next interval.
[MUSIC]
It's an E and a G.
That's a minor third,
that's a distance of
a minor third
[MUSIC].
Now if your having problems judging
the distance with your voice,
you can add a note in between, like
[MUSIC],
that's a minor third.
You know your minor scales now,
so we start on E
[MUSIC].
And the E-minor scale would be E,
F sharp, G
[MUSIC].
So you add the note in the scale that Is
in between the notes your singing, so,
[MUSIC].
That was a little flat on my part, sorry.
[MUSIC]
So, now,
see if you can skip the note.
[MUSIC]
That might help you.
Always with intervals, if when you're
stretching between one interval and
the next, one note and
the next, the space.
If it helps you to add a note in
between to sing, that's fine, but
you wanna train your ear to be able to
hear these intervals and sing them.
Okay, so now we go to
the major third
[MUSIC]
right.
And again
[MUSIC]
Major third.
You've heard that a lot.
Train your voice to kinda
grab those intervals
[MUSIC].
Let's see.
[MUSIC]
Really think about
that third, major third.
Now a perfect fourth.
[MUSIC]
Again we call it a perfect fourth because
the intervals there are four,
the first note we're playing is an E
[MUSIC]
and if you go up four notes of the scale,
you get to the A.
[MUSIC]
E That's one F sharp, there's two, and
then G sharp is three
[MUSIC]
and there's four.
So, there's a distance of four
notes from the E to the A.
The bass is tuned in fourths.
When you go from the E to the A, there's
four notes in between and the A to D,
there's four notes in between and
then D to the G.
If you went through the scale you go one,
two, three, four.
One, two, three, four.
One, two, three, four.
[MUSIC]
So the bass is tuned in fourths.
So let's try to sing that fourth.
[MUSIC]
La
dee la.
La dee la.
The next interval has several names.
Some people call it an augmented fourth.
Some people call it a tri tone.
Some people call it a diminished fifth.
It's this sound.
[MUSIC]
It's a little kind of dissonant.
[MUSIC]
The flatted five,
sometimes we call it the flatted fifth.
This is a very important interval in Jazz,
so get used to it.
It's one of our favorites.
[MUSIC]
Okay,
now the fifth.
The perfect fifth,
[MUSIC].
We do a lot of root and
5th playing as bass players,
this should be familiar to you as well
[MUSIC].
Okay, now depending on
your range of your voice,
you'll either be going down for
the minor sixth or here
[MUSIC]
and you can play it up the E to the C.
It's a minor sixth
[MUSIC].
If you don't have a voice
that goes there you can go
[MUSIC].
Down there, and that's okay too,
that was a minor sixth.
Again, now the major
sixth, is or E and
a C sharp
[MUSIC]
or
[MUSIC]
still high,
I can't go low,
sorry [LAUGH]
[MUSIC].
So that's the sixth, the major sixth.
Now, a minor seventh.
[MUSIC]
That's
a minor seventh,
and there's
a major seventh
[MUSIC].
Then followed by an octave
[MUSIC]
Eight notes, octave
[MUSIC],
okay.
[MUSIC]
So, now we've gone
all the way from minor seconds to octave.
We've done a whole octave
worth of intervals.
There's some intervals above the octave,
and
I think we're going to
deal with those later.
But I want you to work on these first
to really get the sounds in your ears,
be able to sing them and
hopefully you can find a spot in your
voice where you can get to these things.
But really try, I know at first you
might not have done much singing in your
life but really try to do it.
It's going to help you so
much in your playing.