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Jazz Bass Lessons: Ear Training: Diminished and Augmented Chord Sounds

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Now, I'd like to cover simple diminished
and augmented sounds, because these sounds
are all throughout music,
all kinds of music.
So, let's talk about
the simple diminished,
all minor thirds make
up a diminished sound.
So, you have one,
flat three, flat five, and
remember we talked about
that double flatted seventh.
So C, E flat, G flat, and A,
cuz remember the seventh is really B,
the regular major seventh,
and then if you flat it once,
you get a B flat, and
if you flat it again, you get an A.
It's a double flatted seventh.
Okay, so that's that sound.
Okay, practice that, work on that, and
then you have two different
kinds of diminished scales.
You have whole step-half step,
which is what we use a lot.
That's just, literally,
just as the name says, it's a half
step, and then a whole step,
a half step, and then a whole step.
That's all that means.
Just alternates, literally in half-whole.
So, that's one diminished sound.
The other is whole-half.
Okay, so those
are the diminished sounds,
the basic diminished sounds.
Those are important to know.
Then there's augmented.
Augmented sounds are one, three,
sharp five, and
then back to the top again.
This splits the octave in three.
[SOUND] Just three notes.
You go one, third.
It's all major thirds.
One, a major third, and
then you have another major third, and
then you're already back
home with the octave again.
It's a symmetrical sound.
Diminished and augmented are symmetrical.
Diminished, because you have all minor
thirds, you have one, two, three,
four minor thirds.
And augmented because you have one,
two, three.
Really one, two, three,
four notes that are all major thirds.
You have one major third between C and
E, one between E and
A flat, and
then another between A flat and C.
So, you have three major thirds.
The other one you have one,
two, three minor thirds.
So, here we go, augmented.
You probably heard this.
all those guys would love that.
Augmented is a very popular sound.
The whole tone scale.
It's not
the easiest sound
to sing, but
it's all whole steps.
All whole steps, whole tone scale.
So those are the basic diminished and
augmented sounds.