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Jazz Bass Lessons: Play Along: Baiao

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This next rhythm is from
the north of Brazil.
It's called baiao.
It's from Bahia,
which is a very African part of Brazil.
It's a beautiful city Bahia, and
the music is especially engaging, I think.
This rhythm which comes from the north.
It's a sound that definitely gravitated
and got its way into music in America too.
It's the same, technically,
it's the same rhythm,
although it's expressed in a very
African way in baiao, as the Charleston.
The Charleston is
[MUSIC]
but it's more swingy.
Baiao is a combination.
It has that African way of having
a straight eighth, and a real pulse.
And you'll hear the percussion on this.
It's fantastic.
As Mr. Rogerio Boccato, who was
originally from Sao Paolo in Brazil.
He's playing an instrument
called a zabumba.
Where you hear the bottom going
[SOUND] it and really gives us that,
really kind of dance-oriented feeling.
So you really wanna lock in with
the percussion on this one as well.
And this is baiao in the medium tempo.
Oftentimes, harmonically the baiao
contains a seventh chord with a plus
eleven or
some sort of altered seventh chord.
They're usually sort of altered seventh
chord kinda sounds or minor sounds.
You don't hear too many major baiaos for
some reason.
This is our medium tempo baiao and
it's primarily that one rhythm.
[SOUND] Sometimes there's a little
pickup at the end of the bar,
but primarily if you get that [SOUND]
really learn how to lock that in
with the drums and the percussion.
And concentrate on listening to them, and
you'll enjoy starting to learn how to
play this wonderful Brazilian rhythm.
[MUSIC]
The other Baiao that we worked on was
in a dominant sound with a plus 11.
This is a version of
the minor sounding Baiao.
In this one I wrote a very typical melody,
the type of melody that
you'll hear in a Baiao.
It has a certain kind of rhythmic
insistency, it's an urgency,
and it's very infectious, actually.
There's a figure at the end
where we have to go.
If the rhythm is fast like [SOUND],
it's a very typical Brazilian
rhythm where you're going [SOUND].
That's the ending, it's [SOUND],
then it ends on beat four,
so be ready for
that on the ending of this one.
Okay, this one is the kind of one, you
know, listen to it, listen to my version,
and then see if you can get used to
playing this rhythm a little faster.
You don't have to play a lot of fills.
If you've got that, [SOUND], that's really
your business on this kind of thing.
The percussion and the drums carry all
the subdivision, all the little [SOUND].
Subdivision is the way the beat is
broken down into the little notes,
the little beats inside the beat.
In this case, if we're going, [SOUND].
The 16 note subdivision [SOUND].
That sound.
In this case actually, those sounds,
because the [SOUND] is a dotted
quarter with an eighth note
tied to a whole note [SOUND].
We're doing fast count one, two,
three, four, one, two, three, four.
So, that means that those fast
sounds are actually eighth notes.
[SOUND] One, two, three, four,
[SOUND] because there are two eighth
notes equal to each quarter note, okay.
Remember that from our rhythmic music
reading lessons, so here we go.
Faster Baiao.
Get ready for [SOUND], that ending, okay?
Here we go.
[SOUND]
[MUSIC]