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Jazz Bass Lessons: 2 Octave Major Scales

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[MUSIC]
Melodic
minor scales.
Extremely important in jazz improvisation.
They can be used over all kinds of
dominant chords and alter dominants.
Very important that you achieve a lot
of flexibility with the scale all over
the instrument.
To me, when you're dealing with
some of the sounds that we're going
to be talking about later in the ear
training in the jazz theory
section that we're going to do.
This scale is one of the most
important scales that exists and
it's a beautiful sounding scale.
They don't call it melodic minor for
nothing.
So, let's do two octave melodic minors.
Again, we know the notes.
I guess the first one, I'll call out
the notes because it's kind of like,
you can think of a melodic minor scale
as a major scale with a flatted third.
It's the same notes as E major,
except all the Gs, are lower.
Instead of a G sharp, like you have in
a normal E major, it's a G natural.
So, G major would be
[MUSIC]
and the only difference in melodic minor
is that G is a G natural.
[MUSIC]
But it's a great sound.
Okay, so, two octave,
E melodic minor.
Open, one, two, open, one,
four, one, one, four, open.
One, four, one, two, four,
four, two, one, four, one,
open, four, one, one, four,
one, open, two, one, open.
[MUSIC]
F melodic minors.
F melodic minor, two octaves.
One, two, four, one, four,
open, two, four, open, one,
one, four, one, two, four,
four, two, one, four, one,
one, open, four, two, open,
four, one, four, two, one.
[MUSIC]
Another possible fingering for
that F minor that I like to show you is
where you end up two, four on the top.
So, I'm going to show you that,
going down from the top.
It would be four, two, four, one,
four, one, open, four, two, open,
four, one, four, two, one.
So going up, one, two,
four, one, four, open,
two, four, open, one,
four, one, four, two,
four, four, two, four,
one, four, one, open,
four, two, open, four,
one, four, two, one.
[MUSIC]
F sharp melodic minor.
One, four, open, one, four, one,
two, four, one, two, four, one,
four, two, four, four, two, four,
one, four, two, one, four, two,
one, four, one, open, four, one.
[MUSIC]
G melodic minor.
Four, open, one, four, open, one,
four, open, one, two, one, four,
one, two, three, three, two, one,
four, one, two, one, open, four,
one, open, four, one, open, four.
[MUSIC]
A flat melodic minor.
Four, one, one, four, one, four,
open, one, two, four, one, four, one,
three, two, three, three, two, one,
four, one, four, two, one, open,
four, one, four, one, one, four.
[MUSIC]
There's another thing for that one, too.
You could start from three,
two, four, one, four,
one, four, one, open, four,
one, four, one, one, four.
So going up four, one,
one, four, one, four,
open, one, four, one,
four, one, four, two,
three, three, two, four,
one, four, one, four,
one, open, four, one,
four, one, one, four.
That's pretty easy,
it's a lot of one four in there.
[LAUGH]
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]
Now on to
A-flat major.
[MUSIC]
Remember sometimes, when we think about
A-flat major, let's set up where I
like to play an E, and an F-sharp,
then the A-flat, just to [SOUND]
make sure I have that A-flat.
That's an interesting note on the bass.
[SOUND] Thankfully this
bass has a nice A-flat.
So we have a fourth finger.
[SOUND] First finger, so [SOUND] fourth
finger on A-flat, first finger on B-flat.
[SOUND] Two on C, [SOUND] D-flat four.
[SOUND] One on E-flat.
[SOUND] Four on F.
[SOUND] Open G.
[SOUND] One on A-flat.
[SOUND] One on A flat.
[SOUND] Four on B flat.
[SOUND] Two on C,
[SOUND] D-flat two, four,
D-flat four, [SOUND] One on E-flat,
four on F, [SOUND] two on G, [SOUND] and
three on A-flat, [SOUND] three on A-flat,
[SOUND] two on G, shift,
[SOUND] four on F.
[SOUND] There's the E-flat against
the E that's a major seven.
[MUSIC]
Again the arm is up to give
a straight line and flat G, F.
[SOUND] That E-flat with the first finger.
[MUSIC]
D-flat.
I play it against the A cuz
this D-flat is also a C-sharp.
It's a third [SOUND] B,
A, [SOUND] D-flat four,
[SOUND] C natural, [SOUND] with two,
and then B-flat four,
[SOUND] A-flat one,
[SOUND] open G, [SOUND] four on F,
[SOUND] first finger on E-flat,
[SOUND] fourth finger on D-flat.
Again, remember [SOUND] when we talked
about the shift before in the one octave
going from the E-flat to the D-flat we
kinda slide over to the E a little bit and
then come over.
[MUSIC]
And C natural two,
[SOUND] B-flat one.
And we can do that with the A-flat too.
You can almost do an imaginary B [SOUND]
on the A string, [SOUND] so you're going
from the B-flat and you kinda slide over a
little a bit [SOUND] and get that A-flat.
Helps me play the A-flat in tune.
Okay.
Moving on to A major.
[SOUND] Open A, [SOUND] B1,
[SOUND] C-sharp, with fourth finger.
[SOUND] Open D.
[SOUND] One on E.
[SOUND] F-sharp four.
[SOUND] One on G-sharp.
[SOUND] Two, on A natural.
[SOUND] B1.
[SOUND] C-sharp two.
[SOUND] One on D.
[SOUND] Four on E.
[SOUND] F-sharp one.
[SOUND] So we're gonna stop at G-sharp
here because [SOUND] past that you're
gonna go into thumb position.
[SOUND] If you wanna experiment
you can also do one, two, three.
[SOUND] That's A natural here.
Three, third finger.
[SOUND] G-sharp two [SOUND] and
that's F-sharp one.
[SOUND] Fourth finger on E.
[SOUND] D one.
[SOUND] C-sharp four.
[SOUND] One on B.
[SOUND] Two on A, [SOUND] one on G-sharp.
[SOUND] F-sharp four, [SOUND] one on E.
[SOUND] Open D.
[SOUND] C sharp four.
[SOUND] B one.
[SOUND]
Open A.
Now we're gonna move on to B-flat.
Now this one will probably stop at G cuz
I'm not gonna farther into thumb position.
So just know that it's not a complete
two-octave minor scale yet.
Once we get into thumb position later on,
we'll be doing three octaves.
So we'll go beyond.
So, but for
now we're gonna do B-flat major scale.
Almost two-octaves.
[SOUND] B-flat one,
[SOUND] fourth finger on C,
[SOUND] open D, [SOUND] E-flat one,
[SOUND] F four,
[SOUND] G open, [SOUND] A natural two,
[SOUND] B-flat four, [SOUND] C one,
[SOUND] Four on D, [SOUND] E-flat, one,
[SOUND] four on F [SOUND] and
then three on G [SOUND].
So, [SOUND] so [SOUND] three on G,
four [SOUND] See how that looks?
[MUSIC]
See how my,
I don't let my elbow flop down
[MUSIC]
and try to play that press the note down.
You can play harmonics sometimes but
make sure you can do both.
[SOUND] So, [SOUND] we're still in the
B-flat scale but we're coming down from G.
[SOUND] G three,
[SOUND] fourth finger on F.
[SOUND] E-flat one.
[SOUND] Make sure we're in there.
D four, [SOUND] C one,
[SOUND] fourth finger on B-flat,
[SOUND] A is second finger,
[SOUND] open G, [SOUND] F four,
[SOUND] first finger on E-flat,
[SOUND] D open,
[SOUND] fourth finger on C natural,
[SOUND] and B-flat on one
Okay, we're gonna do B major.
And again,
we're gonna go a little incomplete.
We're gonna stop on, let's see,
on the F-sharp for now.
So we can avoid the thumb position thing.
We'll go right up to the end there,
and we won't do it.
So, B major, two-octaves.
Again, we're not gonna go all the way.
We're gonna stop at F-sharp
just below thumb position.
So here we go.
B one.
[SOUND] C-sharp four.
[SOUND] D-sharp one.
[SOUND] E one.
[SOUND] F-sharp four.
[SOUND] G-sharp one.
[SOUND] A-sharp two.
[SOUND] Four on B.
[SOUND] C-sharp one, [SOUND] D-sharp four.
[SOUND] One on E and
then [SOUND] F-sharp four.
[SOUND] One on E, [SOUND] and
that major seven.
D-sharp four,
[SOUND] C-sharp, [SOUND] one,
[SOUND] four on B, [SOUND] A-sharp two,
[SOUND] G-sharp one, [SOUND] F-sharp four,
[SOUND] one on E, [SOUND] one on D-sharp,
[SOUND] C-sharp four [SOUND] and
B with the first finger.
[SOUND]
[music]
C-Major.
We're going to go to the G,
stop right there at the entrance
to thumb position, okay.
C with the second finger [SOUND],
second finger C, [SOUND] open D
[SOUND] one on E [SOUND], F2 open G,
one on A, two on B, four on C.
D1, E4, F1, and
that's a three on G One on F,
four on E one on D four on
C two on B one on A open G two
on F one on E natural and
open D Two on C, and C major.
Now, D-flat major, and
we'll go up to the A-flat.
This is a flat key,
this is just right over.
[MUSIC]
We're gonna start from the top and
work our way down to show
ourselves a good fingering.
I use this often for
myself and with my students.
Even though I've played
these scales all my life,
sometimes there are many
ways to finger them.
So I'm showing you one
way that makes sense, and
then you're gonna have to fish around to
find different other ways yourselves, too.
And we can talk about that, too.
Here's a good way to find the d-flat
coming down since we're not going
all the way up to thumb position.
We're just going to start from the A-flat.
So 3 on A-flat.
1 on G-flat.
F-natural 4.
E-flat- One.
D flat four.
Two on C.
B flat four.
One on A flat.
Four on G flat.
Two on F.
E flat one.
And there's D flat with four.
So now we'll do it from the bottom up.
[SOUND] Four [SOUND] one [SOUND] two
[SOUND] four [SOUND] one [SOUND] four
[SOUND] two [SOUND] four [SOUND] one.
Four.
One.
Perfect.
Three.
Three.
One.
Four.
One.
Four.
Two.
Four.
One.
Four.
Two.
One.
Four.
Let's do it again from the top.
Good.
Three, one,
check it in no man's land there.
F four, E flat one,
make sure you got a good D flat there,
four, two on C, B flat four, A flat one.
G flat four.
F to E flat one,
D flat four.
That's D flat major.
D major.
Two octaves.
Well, almost two octaves,
we're only going up to the G.
So, open D, one on E,
F sharp four, open G.
First finger on A.
B four.
Two on C sharp.
Four on D natural.
One on E.
F sharp.
[MUSIC]
And three on G.
Three on G.
[MUSIC]
Remember exercise before, make sure,
see I have to make sure
I have my elbow up too.
Notice when the elbow's up there's
no way that F sharp's out of tune.
If I lay it down it could go out.
G 3,F sharp, 2 ,1 on E.
4 on D,
C sharp 2, B 4, A 1.
Open G, F sharp fourth finger,
first finger On E, open D.
Start from the top again, show
that one more time.
G 3.
F sharp 2.
E 1.
D 4.
C sharp 2, 4 on B, 1 on A G open.
F sharp four.
One on E.
D open.
That's D major.
E flat major.
Now, since we're not gonna go fully into
thumb position yet, I'm gonna start on
the A flat and work our way backwards, so
we can find a nice little finger for this.
Let's start on A flat.
And this is good for you too because
you should learn your scales so
that you can start on any note on
the scale and go up and down the scale.
It's really important.
It teaches you to hear the intervals too.
Whats the sound?
You're starting on the fourth degree
of the scale and going backwards.
A-flat is three.
G is second finger.
[MUSIC]
F is four,
[MUSIC]
E flat one.
[SOUND] Fourth finger on D,
[SOUND] one on C,
[MUSIC]
B flat four, [SOUND] one on A flat,
[SOUND] open G, [SOUND] fourth finger
on F [SOUND] and the root is E flat.
So let's go up the scale now and
see what that sounds like.
E flat one, four on F, G open,
A flat one, B flat four,
C one, D fourth finger,
one on E flat, four
on F, G is two, And three on A flat.
Come down.
[SOUND] I'm going to
call the fingerings now.
So you can get used to knowing
the fingerings as well.
Three. Two. Four.
One.
Four.
One.
Four.
One.
Open, four.
One.
That's E flat major.
[MUSIC]