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Jazz Bass Lessons: Bebop Vocabulary

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[MUSIC]
Bebop Vocabulary.
I know I've been speaking
about bebop vocabulary a lot.
Now, how about we set
the metronome on a slow tempo and
we take the changes to Bird's Way,
which is a blues with some other
two-five changes thrown in.
I will play you the bass line one time and
then I'll play the melody
of the tune one time.
And then I'm gonna play some
phrases that are bebop language.
And since you know the changes
that I'm playing on, and
you'll have a metronome,
I want you to learn these phrases.
If you can write them out,
even write them out.
I'm gonna make them
really hearable to you,
I'm gonna make them clear,
okay, discernible I should say.
So now, we're going to use
the changes of Bird's Way,
which is a blues, a Charlie Parker
blues changes kind of blues.
And I'm gonna walk, I'm just going to
play Two Feeling one time to give you
a sense of the way that the roots move and
you know the changes because you have
the music and we've already dealt
with the changes at the piano.
But I'm going to play some phrases that
are coming out of that bebop language,
and I want you to learn them.
Okay, here we go.
[MUSIC]
One, two, a one, two, three.
[MUSIC]
I'll call
out the
changes.
F major seven.
E half diminished.
A seven.
D minor seven, G.
C minor seven, F.
B flat major seven.
E flat minor seven, E flat seven.
A minor.
B seven.
A flat minor seven, B flat seven.
G minor.
C seven plus nine plus five.
F major seven, D seven plus five.
G minor seven, C seven.
Melody.
[MUSIC]
Some
lines.
[MUSIC]
Now, there's
a certain
kind of
melodic shape
to those
lines in
the bebop
vocabulary.
Sometimes they outline the arpeggio,
sometimes they're using
some of the scale tones.
But notice a lot of what I was
playing was really melodic.
I was trying to really play
things that sounded like
very straightforward melodies.
Bebop is known for
its fantastic harmony and
amazing rhythm, but
it's a very melodic style of playing too.
So, I want you to learn
some of those melodies.
And then, if you're able to write them
down even, you can see what the notes I'm
playing against the chords are,
cuz now you know the changes, right.
I spelled them out for you and
we did them on the piano before.
So, I want you, for your homework, to
actually try to listen to other players,
maybe even somebody like Dexter Gordon,
who picks out like more medium tempos.
He doesn't always play the fastest tempos.
He's a great tenor saxophone player.
If you can listen to him,
he has a very clear bebop vocabulary.
He speaks in the dialect,
it's like somebody who speaks in a rhythm
that is very easy to understand in
the English language, without much accent.
Dexter Gordon has bebop
with the perfect accent and
I would say check him out playing over
these types of changes, like the blues.
So, good luck with Bird's Way and
bebop language, and have fun.
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]
Since the two, five progression it is so
important in jazz and in bebop music.
I'm going to play through the two,
five sequence that we've been using
many times, for the two beat and
the walking line exercises.
So get out your music for
that, your chord sequence, and
I want you to listen to what I'm doing and
actually learn and transcribe and learn.
Not only the notes that I'm playing,
but the phrasing and the emphasis.
I'm gonna try to be very clear and
use a very
straightforward bebop
vocabulary on all these sounds.
It's the same sound in all the keys a two,
seven minor.
That's the second chord of every
key in the major diatonic scale
is a minor seven chord, and
the five chord is a dominant seven chord.
So this very common
progression in jazz was
one of the building blocks to
developing bebop vocabulary.
People seemed to take this progression and
spin it out in millions of ways of
different ways of playing lines over it.
So here we go with bebop vocabulary.
[MUSIC]
Okay.
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]
[MUSIC]
[SOUND]