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Jazz Bass Lessons: Triads and Inversions

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Now let's talk about triads.
When we have our C major scale,
remember that,
If we count up the scale, and
play one, and we don't play two.
And we play the third note.
Then we leave out four and
we play the fifth note.
We get three notes.
This is a triad.
So these are intervals of a third.
Remember we talk about thirds,
major and minor thirds.
This is a major third,
this is a minor third.
To create triads, and
what we call chords in music when we
strike three notes at the same time.
Triad is connected to the word three, so
that's three notes at the same time,
This is also a chord.
A chord is anytime when you
put three notes down or more.
A lot of chords are bigger
than three notes too.
Basic major triad is one,
three, five, of the scale.
We went one, and
we went to third note of the scale, and
we went to fifth note of the scale.
That's a major triad.
Now, this, when you have the bottom note
C, this is a C chord, a C major chord.
Let's call it a C major chord.
And the C's on the bottom.
The C is called the root of the chord.
The name of the chord
is named by the root.
So here's C.
C major.
So, an inversion is when we start
on a note other than the root.
So, now the first inversion of a C
chord is when we start on this third.
So the root is here, the root position for
this chord in C major.
One, three, five.
We start on the third,
and that's the first inversion.
Cuz we started on another
note in the root.
So now we have E, G and C.
Here we had C, E, G.
And now we have E, G, C.
That's the first inversion.
Then there's a second inversion
where we start on the fifth.
So now we have G C E.
That's second inversion.
Now let's do it for minor.
Right now, we're just gonna do major,
minor, and a simple dominant seventh.
So, here is minor.
Remember, we said, we took the third and
we lowered it to make it minor.
So the minor chord is the root and
the third that's lower, and the fifth.
So now, the root position for
this C minor sound Is one,
we'll call it flat three, and five.
So C, E flat, and five.
Remember E is here, C, D, E and
here's C, E flat, C, D, E flat.
So we're gonna use C,
E flat and G as a C minor.
That's in root position,
cuz the C's on the bottom.
And now we go to first inversion.
E flat's on the bottom.
E flat, G, and C.
And then, finally, second inversion.
G, C, E flat.
So there you have it.
Those are the three inversions
of a minor chord, minor triad,
and that's basic stuff
that you need to know.
Now, the dominant seventh
is when we go one, and
we skip a note again and
we have three, we go one, two, three.
[SOUND] Four, five, six, seven.
Flat at seven.
This gives us a dominant seventh.
One, three, five, and flat at seven.
So now.
We're dealing with
[SOUND] a dominant sound.
Now, the first position is
the root position, one, three,
five, flat seven, that's C,
E, G, B flat, okay?
Now, if we do first inversion we have E,
G, B flat, C.
And if we do second inversion,
it's G, B flat, C, E.
As we said.
Then there's a third inversion now,
cuz we added a note, right?
Now we have four notes.
One, two, three, four.
So here's the third inversion.
The B flat is the flat at seventh,
the root, the third, and the fifth.
So, root position
and then the third and
the base for first inversion
and then second inversion with the fifth
and the base.
And then the seventh and the bass.
Third inversion.
So that's a dominant seven sound.
And now you know what an inversion is.
So we have covered our notes, and
our scales, and our triads,
and the intervals,
and we have learned our inversions.
So that is very good for now.
I want you to think about that.