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Country Vocals Lessons: Range & Register - Introduction

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Great work on getting into
the fundamentals of music theory and
identifying scales and notes,
names and the numbers of notes.
That's all great work.
We're gonna try to start applying using
the exercise that you just submitted and
that you just heard to
move us toward singing and
finding the right key for
the songs that we want to use to work.
And we're gonna talk about three
ideas that you got a little taste
of in the exercise and we're going to
apply even deeper in the next lesson.
Which involves singing a song and
finding the right key for that song.
So let's talk about three things,
range, register, and key.
Range is what we use
to describe the notes,
the pitches, that our particular
instrument is capable of producing.
From the lowest notes,
the lowest pitches or
frequencies, to the highest frequencies.
Typically male singers and
female singers have different ranges.
You know Males naturally
have lower voices,
are able to sing lower pitches and
lower frequencies than women.
Women are able to sing higher notes.
There are certainly plenty of guys
who have beautiful falsetto and
high registers, and
are able to sing as high as most women.
Very few women can sing below contralto,
but there are some women with
incredibly low, beautiful registers
that they have access to.
So that's what we're talking
about when we talk about range.
What is the low to high range
of notes that you can sing
comfortably without
hurting your instrument?
Register refers to the particular kind
of voice that you use within your range.
So in the belting register for women,
you would be using a very strong chest
voice in your belting register.
And in the higher notes where you're
going up above your chest voice,
you would be using your falsetto or
head voice.
And we use those kinds of terms
to describe the registers
that we are able to work in and
what's comfortable.
You might hear someone talk about,
well, I'm a soprano.
Females talk about being a soprano.
That means their natural register,
their sweet spot,
is up in the higher frequencies.
Altos would have a lower register and
sing around in this area,
here where it's more close to
a woman's lower speaking voice.
That's where an alto or
contralto would live.
Sopranos are able to sing very high.
And then same for men.
Basses sing in the very lowest register,
tenors in a higher register.
That's what we mean by the word register.
So in the exercise that you just submitted
in the last video submission where
you were performing the scale with
the note names and the note numbers and
the pattern of whole and half steps.
You notice that we did that in several
different centers starting on C
and in E flat
and then in G.
So you can hear those scales sit
in different places in my register.
And I'm sure that you could feel for
yourself that one of those was
the most comfortable for you to sing.
Or maybe a couple of
them were comfortable but
just exercise different
registers in your voice.
And maybe one of them was
just not comfortable.
But that is a function of your
particular instrument and
the natural acoustic
expressions that it will make
as a function of how your
instrument is designed.
So when we refer to key,
we're talking about a melody and
chords that live within the family of
notes, defined by a particular scale.
Like here's the C major scale,
C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C.
Here are the chords.
Here's a one chord,
four chord, five chord.
That's the key of C.
So the melody to Mary Had
a Little Lamb in the key
of C sounds like
That's in the key of C.
Here it is in the key of E flat.
So you can hear how the relationship
between the melody notes is the same but
the key center is different.
So those are the terms that we're
gonna be referring to as we move into
finding the right key in a comfortable
register within your range as a vocalist.