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Country Vocals Lessons: Secrets to Successful Recording - Part 3

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Country Vocals

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This page contains a transcription of a video lesson from Country Vocals with Lari White. This is only a preview of what you get when you take Country Vocals Lessons at ArtistWorks. The transcription is only one of the valuable tools we provide our online members. Sign up today for unlimited access to all lessons, plus submit videos to your teacher for personal feedback on your playing.

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[MUSIC]
Okay so we've gone from the microphone
into the pre-amp into the compressor,
and now into the computer and
through this software which I
use a software called Pro Tools.
As most Professional recording
studios these days use to actually
get into the computer, which is my
recording medium and to the hard drive.
But before I actually commit and
have a final vocal,
there's all kinds of fun effects
that you might want to have on,
Your vocal to get the final
sound that you want.
And we're just going to listen to some
of these, so that when you are working
on your vocal and you're getting ready
to really create that magical sound,
you know what some of the toys
are that you have to work with.
.So right now,
we've got just a naked vocal.
[MUSIC]
This is nothing but
the audio going through
the microphone through the pre-amp and
into the compressor and into the computer.
So from here,
we're gonna start adding some effects.
And these effects can be external
pieces of gear like the compressor.
You might have an external reverb and
external delay,
external effects unit that live out in
the space of the studio, and you have to
take the signal into that effect box,
and then back into the recording medium.
Or as with most of the new
digital technology and
these digital recording workstations,
you can have virtual plug ins or
basically software
programs that simulate or
create the effect with computation,
with algorithms that are software.
So we're gonna listen to several
effects created by plug-ins or
virtual effects gear that
are actually live in the computer and
simulate what we have always
come to be familiar with.
Like we all know what reverb sounds like.
And it used to all be external pieces
of gear or even big plates, or
even big rooms like the space itself.
The sound of the space itself
is what reverberation,
the sound reverberating in the room.
So reverb units create the effect
of the sound happening in a space.
So this effect is now accomplished
most often with virtual plugins.
This is a piece of
software called Altiverb.
And, we're gonna listen to what happens
when you add reverb
[MUSIC]
to a vocal using this plugin.
Right now we're just
hearing the naked vocal.
It's not in any kind of space or
environment.
It's not effected at all.
Now, we're gonna add in,
[MUSIC]
So you can here that it went from sounding
very close up, the vocal,
to sounding like it's
in this massive space.
This space is simulating an actual
cathedral, Notre Dame in Paris.
[MUSIC]
They have created an algorithm to simulate
what a sound sounds like in that space.
This plugin has a number
of different options,
so these big cathedral spaces
are just one bank of sounds,
effects, that you can get for
different reverbs.
This space effect is created by
the simulation of a spring reverb.
So sound hitting an actual metal coil and
bouncing through that metal coil.
That's another kind of reverb effect,
and this is called spring reverb.
Here's one that's simulating a plate.
A big sheet of metal that
the audio hits that metal and
you capture the sound of the big sheet
of metal resonating with the audio.
That's called a plate reverb.
And it sounds like this,
[MUSIC].
So you can hear each of this effects,
this rebrever effects that slightly
different color and sound and size,
here's the big cathedral again.
[MUSIC]
And you can change the time or
the length of the reverb.
I'm gonna shorten it right now so
instead of it being in that huge space.
[MUSIC]
It has the same color now but
it's much shorter reverb time.
And now I'm gonna take it back up
to its original, massive size.
So, those are reverb effects.
Those are the effects that you would put
your vocal in to accomplish the effect,
or the illusion of the vocal
being in a physical space.
The next effect we're gonna
listen to is that of delay.
And that's the effect that you
get whan you make a sound and
then you hear it slap again and again,
like you would hear in the Grand Canyon.
Hello, hello, hello, hello.
We call that delay,
it's a delay of the audio.
Sometimes you only hear it once.
Sometimes it might repeat or
feedback several times.
This is a plugin that simulates.
[MUSIC]
This is the naked vocal.
[MUSIC]
Now we're going to hear a delay.
[MUSIC]
So you can hear,
[MUSIC]
bay, bay, bay you can hear it repeating.
[MUSIC]
That's delay.
When you're working with delay,
there are a few things,
a few parameters that you can change.
You can have the delay at a very
short interval of time like this,
or you can make the delay happen later,
extend the time, enlarge the time.
[MUSIC]
So that you have a lot of space,
a longer time in between each of
those re-occurences of the audio.
[MUSIC]
You can
also have it
Feedback fewer times.
[MUSIC]
Or more times.
[MUSIC]
Give you that
funky tremolo effect.
[MUSIC]
For just one slab.
[MUSIC]
There's the single slab here.
Here's the
[MUSIC]
real repetitive tremolo almost.
[MUSIC]
Those are effects you can
accomplish with delay.
[MUSIC]