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Country Vocals Lessons: Chords & Intervals - 7th Chords

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[MUSIC]
So you're getting a little introduction
a taste of what you can
accomplish with a little
bit of understanding of scales and
chords and intervals.
But the great thing is that you can dig as
deep as you want and really equip yourself
with all the knowledge that you need
about music, theory and the mechanics
of music right here in the ArtistWorks
platform free with your subscription
is access to the ArtistWorks Music Theory
Workshop with Jonathan Coopersmith.
Go, visit, dig in everything you need to
know about music theory is right there.
So today we're gonna
talk about 7th chords.
We explored major and
minor triads in the last lesson,
so we're going to add to
what we just learned about
triads to examine some four-note chords.
These are called 7th chords
because they add to the
[MUSIC]
one, the 3rd,
and the fifth 5th, which build the triad.
We're going to add the 7th
tone of the scale.
[MUSIC]
So we have a four note chord now and
then interval is called a major 7th.
So it's called a major 7th chord.
So we have a major triad, C [MUSIC] E
[MUSIC] G [MUSIC]
and we're gonna add that major 7th on
the top.
[MUSIC]
This is chord you hear
a lot in,
[MUSIC]
you hear a lot in jazz songs and
some pop songs.
But it gets a little bit
more complex color to
[MUSIC]
the chord.
So this is called a major 7th.
Root
[MUSIC] 3rd [MUSIC]
5th and mm major 7th interval at the top.
Now if you
[MUSIC]
lower that 7th tone a half step
[MUSIC]
to there.
[MUSIC]
And you keep the same major
triad on the bottom, and you add
[MUSIC]
the flatted 7th that's called
a dominant 7th chord.
And that one's easily recognizable.
We use it all the time in
country music and pop music just
about every form of Western music uses
[MUSIC]
the dominant chord to lead to a one chord,
so if I was in the key of F,
this would be the one.
[MUSIC]
And
that C dominate 7th triad
[MUSIC]
would resolve to that.
We're very familiar with that progression,
so,
dominate 7th chords we use all the time.
That's again, the major triad, root,
3rd, 5th and a flatted 7thon top.
So listen to the difference
between a major 7th cord.
[MUSIC]
And here it is in a different voicing.
[MUSIC]
And
the dominant
7th chord.
[MUSIC]
The next chord we're gonna look at is
another four note chord,
built this time on a minor triad.
So lets take a look at our A minor chord,
[MUSIC]
built on the root one of
the A minor scale.
Here's the root the one,
here's the minor 3rd
[MUSIC]
and the 5th.
[MUSIC]
A, C, E that the minor triad.
Now we gonna add the 7th
[MUSIC]
that's a minor 7th chord.
So 1, 2, 3 ,4, 5, 6, 7
[MUSIC]
dot four note cord is a minor 7th.
That's an A minor 7th.
[MUSIC]
Here is a C minor 7th built
on the C minor triad.
C to the minor 3rd,
one two three half steps up,
that's the C, E flat, the 5th is G
[MUSIC]
And now we're gonna add
[MUSIC]
that flatted 7th.
[MUSIC]
That's the minor 7th.
So we've got C, E flat, G
[MUSIC]
And the flatted 7th.
That's how we build a minor 7th chord.
Let's build a minor 7th on D.
Here's D, here's the minor 3rd, F, D, F,
here's the 5th, G, and now the 7th.
[MUSIC]
The minor 7th on top, that's the C.
That's a D minor 7th chord.
[MUSIC]
So
just take a minute to listen to
[MUSIC]
here's an A minor.
[MUSIC]
That's how I identify
those minor 7th chords is
from that Beatles song.
[MUSIC]
That's minor 7th chords.
[MUSIC]