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Cello Lessons: D Minor - Scale

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[MUSIC]
Summertime was our first
song that we learned in D minor.
So let's dive into that new scale and
figure out where all the notes are.
As we learn in the melody of Summertime,
we're gonna use a second finger on the D
string, instead of a third finger.
[MUSIC]
That's actually the key note that
makes this a minor scale.
It's always the third,
whether it's a major third [SOUND] or
a minor third, [SOUND] that determines
whether a scale is major or minor.
Well, there's two other notes that
are gonna be different in this scale.
The other one is instead of
third finger on the A string,
we're gonna now use second
finger on the A string.
[MUSIC]
That's a C.
So the top is D, fourth finger.
And then C is second finger.
And now,
we've reached a very special moment.
We're gonna play a B flat on the A string,
and for
the very first time,
we're gonna play an extension.
An extension is when we reach
back with just the first finger.
So it goes to a lower note.
Notice the second finger is not moving.
The second finger stays and it's this
extra space between the first and
second finger that is the extension.
Why don't you put your first finger on B?
Let's play that note.
[MUSIC]
And then,
I want you to stretch it
back until you hit a B flat.
[MUSIC]
See if you can find this note.
[MUSIC]
It's half way in between B and
the nuts, which is where open A sounds.
[MUSIC]
So you can sort of look and
go half way in between to find B flat.
[MUSIC]
So the upper part of D minor is gonna
sound like this, starting from the open A.
[MUSIC]
Notice as I walk up,
I'm still leaving all of
my fingers down like we
talked about in the D major scale.
Let's try that walk up one more time,
because this extension feel is brand new.
Okay?
You can see there's still normal spacing
between these three fingers.
But for the first finger,
there's an extra big space.
There's a whole step there.
Let's walk up from A again.
Ready and.
[MUSIC]
Good.
So the one tricky thing is that
the first finger on the A string
is in a different place then
it will be on the D string.
On the D string, it's gonna be
a normal first finger, on the note E.
So when we shift to the A string,
we'll have to move our first finger back.
Let's try walking up all the way from the
open D string, and watch out when we hit
the A string, you're gonna need to stretch
your first finger back for the extension.
Okay?
Three, four.
[MUSIC]
Stretch back
with the extension.
[MUSIC]
Leave all your fingers down and
we're gonna head right
back down the scale.
From fourth finger.
[MUSIC]
Nice!
So this is a whole new sound world
that we have with the D minor scale.
And this extension is gonna be a big part
of our technique as we play other scales.
This for
reference is a backwards extension,
when we're reaching back to what would
actually be called half position.
Everything we've played so
far was in first position, but
when we stretch back we become part
of the half position universe.
Let's play this scale with a drone and
a metronome and
that's how we're gonna work on
our intonation and our rhythm.
We'll play one note per click with
the metronome at 50 beats per minute.
Two, three, four.
[MUSIC]
Good,
so that's
the basic
scale.
I'm gonna give you a routine now that
we're gonna practice on the scale.
And with the metronome and
the drone, I'm gonna take you through
a couple different rhythmic levels.
We're gonna start with whole notes.
Now remember,
our basic beat is usually a quarter note.
So a whole note is gonna
be four beats long.
Okay?
So it's gonna be really slow.
Let's play that together.
Okay?
One, two, whole notes.
[SOUND] Two, three, four.
One, two, three, four.
These are really long notes.
You'll need a slow bow.
[MUSIC]
Extension,
get the first finger ready to go back.
[MUSIC]
And leave all the fingers down as
we walk up the A string.
[MUSIC]
Take note
that my left
wrist is flat.
[MUSIC]
You don't wanna play like this or
like this.
You wanna keep your wrist flat.
[MUSIC]
So you can practice
whole notes on your
own with the drone and
the metronome backing track.
The next step in the routine is
half notes which means we're
gonna have two clicks per bow.
Okay?
Let's try that.
Two, three, four.
One, two, change up two down two.
[MUSIC]
Now,
I should
say that my
thumbs stays
on the back
of the finger
board.
The back of the neck.
Just lightly touching.
So I always have a place of reference.
And so
when I'm crossing over to the A string and
doing the extension,
I'm leaving my thumb there.
So I don't lose my place.
So we've already done quarter notes.
That would be the next
step in the routine.
I think why don't we stop there for
the routine.
We'll just do whole notes, half notes, and
quarter notes with the drone and
the metronome.
Why don't you practice this for a little
while and do send me a video submission.
I'd love to check it out.
[MUSIC]