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Cello Lessons: G Major - Scale & Arpeggio

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[MUSIC]
Before we learn Blackberry Blossom,
I wanna dive straight
into the G major scale.
The G major scale, is gonna have the same
fingerings starting from open G,
that we had in the C major
scale starting from open C.
So on the G string, It's o, one,
three, four, o, one, three, four.
Same fingerings on both strings.
[MUSIC]
Play the scale one octave up and down.
Now, unlike the C major scale,
we don't have room to do a full
second octave without shifting.
And we're not gonna get into shifting
really until the intermediate curriculum.
But, what we can do is
explore all the notes in
G major that do exist in first position.
So, if we play this scale one octave up
[MUSIC]
We still have the whole A string to
explore, and the notes in G major
on the A string are these ones.
[MUSIC]
We change our hand shape to o, one,
two, four on the A string.
[MUSIC]
Our highest note is D, the fifth, and
we can walk all the way
down back to the open G.
[MUSIC]
Now, if we wanted to continue this
scale all the way down the C string,
we have to bring back our
scary friend the extension.
When we were learning D minor,
we were extending back on the A string.
Now, on the C string,
we're gonna extend forward in order
to capture The F sharp,
which is just a half step below G.
But let's find it by starting at
the bottom of the C string, so
play your open C.
[SOUND] Then we're gonna
play first finger.
[SOUND] Which is D.
Then, instead of playing
third finger on E,
that's the normal finger
we would use on E.
We're actually gonna extend the space
between the first and second finger.
And the second finger is gonna go
where third finger normally does.
[MUSIC]
And the second finger is now on E.
And then it will be really easy to
continue the walk-up, [SOUND] so
F will be on third finger, and
then F sharp will be fourth finger.
Check out the shape of my hand.
I've got a half step between fourth,
third and second, and
then I've got the The extra big step
between first finger and second.
The key to this and it's good to practice
this while leaving your fingers down.
The key is that when you
extend the second finger up,
[SOUND] your first finger stays,
you have to keep it back there,
[SOUND] and
even you bring your left elbow forward.
Like we've talked about before, to support
the pinky finger, cuz it's really short,
and it won't reach the string unless
you bring the left elbow forward.
[MUSIC]
Just rock up and down these notes,
a couple times.
One, extend two and four.
[MUSIC]
This is what it should sound like.
[MUSIC]
Now, we can play all the way from the G,
down through the seventh scale degree,
the sixth, the fifth, and
the open C will be
the fourth scale degree.
Let's practice this scale all
the way from the C to the high D.
Those are the highest and
lowest notes in G major that
we can play in first position.
We're gonna practice our scale routine
this way with the metronome and the drone.
[MUSIC]
Starting on open C,
even though we're in the key of G,
we'll play whole notes.
One, two, ready, and.
[MUSIC]
First finger, now after you play first
finger, extend and get the second finger.
Is that note.
Leave all the fingers down,
bring the left elbow forward.
[MUSIC]
For the fourth finger.
And now we've reached G, the root.
And we'll have an easy fingering
on the middle strings here.
O, one, three, four.
[MUSIC]
Now we've
reached
the octave.
We're gonna keep going, up the A string.
[MUSIC]
Remember to keep breathing.
[MUSIC]
Keep all the fingers
down on the left hand.
Now, because we're at
the fifth scale degree,
it actually sounds somewhat incomplete,
and that's okay.
Cuz we're just gonna head right back down.
You can practice the full G major
scale through all of first position,
which actually equals two octaves even
though we don't start and end on a G.
Practice this with the drone and
metronome with whole notes, half notes,
quarters, and eighths.
In addition to that, we can do the G major
arpeggio, which has the same fingering,
again, that the C major arpeggio
had in the bottom octave.
So the G major arpeggio is G.
If we walk up G to the third,
it's G, A, and then B.
Third finger.
The fifth is D.
We skip over C.
And then we play G on top again.
We can even do second octave of a B.
First finger on the A string.
And end with the fifth D.
[SOUND] We don't need to shift for
the high note yet.
And we'll just head right back down.
[MUSIC]
Those are the notes in a G major arpeggio,
which will also be the notes you
would play in a G major chord.
Practice that just like the scale
with the drone and the metronome.
[MUSIC]