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Rhythmic & Chordal Playing
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Cello Lessons: F Major - Scale & Arpeggio

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Brahm's lullaby,
we learned in the key of F major, so
let's explore the full scale
all in first position, okay?
So if F is our starting point,
[SOUND] let's play it fourth finger on
the C string, and we're gonna walk up.
Four, [SOUND],
o [SOUND] one [SOUND] two [SOUND]
four [SOUND] o [SOUND] one, two.
That's the whole octave,
let's go down.
Two, one, o, four, two, one, o, four.
The F major scale,
it's gonna resonate really nice on
the cello, kind of like C major.
And we wanna explore all the notes below
F that we can also hit on the C string.
So we start with four finger.
We can go down to three, one and
open C and we'll walk back up.
Good, and on the A string,
after we go up the octave,
we can keep going with fourth finger and
then open A.
We have to extend back for B flat.
We encountered this in the D minor scale.
So we have a backwards extension
again on the A string.
B flat, two on C and four on D.
Play these three notes a couple times up
and down just to get used to
that backward extension again.
One thing that you might
notice about the F major scale is it
actually uses the same exact set
of pitches as we used in D minor.
It's the same pitches but
instead of D as our root, F is our root.
So this should feel
physically comfortable, but
we're gonna wanna practice
it with an F drone.
So we really get F major in our ear.
Let's put on the drone and
the metronome, and
I'm gonna play F major one octave up and
Why don't you join me?
three, four.
We're doing whole notes.
try and get a smooth
even sound with
the bow like we're
practicing long tones.
Repeat the top note.
And when I go, I'm putting
all my fingers down on the G string.
Everything under the four fingers,
already down, so
that I can just lift now,
lift the third and
fourth finger, lift the second
Even though we're not in
an extension right now, I still bring
my left elbow forward a little bit so
that my hand feels comfortable
way over on the C string.
I mean it's like a couple inches
further away than the A and D string.
So you wanna sort of move your arm, your
elbow forward, and your arm a little bit
to the right so that you can support the
fourth finger all the way on the C string.
When you practice your scale routine
with the drone and metronome,
I want you to do whole notes, half notes,
quarters and eighths, of course.
I'm gonna give you a choice.
You can either start from F and
go to F and just do the octave, Or,
you can try and play all the notes
that you can reach in first position.
So that would start on the C string.
Open C.
And you would do all those notes, and then
after you do the octave, you go all the
way up, extend back, and you land on D.
Fourth finger on the A string.
You can also practice the scale or
tune with all of those notes as well.
Before we finish this lesson,
let's review the arpeggio.
Do you remember which scale did
we use are in, in arpeggio?
That's correct.
The root, the third and the fifth,
it's always the root, third and fifth.
So the root is F.
The third is A.
And the fifth is C.
Now we'll repeat that up an octave.
Let's go all the way down.
Run the arpeggio through the same rhythmic
levels that you've practiced the scale at.